Mindfulness in schools: what next?

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Jennifer Hanratty summarises the recent Campbell review on mindfulness-based interventions for improving cognition, academic achievement, behaviour and socioemotional functioning in schools. She considers what school leaders, researchers and policy makers should do next, considering the current uncertainty around mindfulness in schools.

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Mindfulness for young people: to meta-analyse or not to meta-analyse?

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Sarah McDonald and André Tomlin consider another meta-analysis of mindfulness in young people, which finds “small effect sizes on a range of outcomes”. They conclude that we badly need more RCTs that reliably evaluate the effectiveness, safety and cost effectiveness of mindfulness in young people.

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Tooth extraction: factors affecting anxiety and fear

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This review of factors affecting fear and anxiety in adult patients undergoing tooth extraction included 16 studies and identified a number of factors associated with anxiety although there are concerns over the quality of the available studies.

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Associations between video game use, academic performance and mental health issues in European primary school children

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Pete Etchells posts his debut Mental Elf blog on a recent study, which explored whether video games were associated with mental illness, cognition or social skills in young children.

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Eating disorders more common in schools with more girls or more educated parents

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Lucas Shelemy writes his debut Mental Elf blog about a paper by fellow Elf Helen Bould, which examines whether female student populations and higher levels of parental education are associated with changes in eating disorders prevalence.

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Does teenage cannabis use lower intelligence?

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Ian Hamilton presents his debut blog on a recent prospective cohort study on the relationship between teenage cannabis use, IQ and educational attainment.

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Can higher educational attainment help lower dementia risk?

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Raluca Lucacel summarises a recent meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies, which investigates the dose-response between education and the risk of dementia.

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Caries experience: risk higher in those from lower socioeconomic positions

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This review included 155 observational studies, which although of low quality consistently found caries parameters to be significantly higher in those from lower socioeconomic positions

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Low educational attainment associated with an increased risk of periodontitis

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The aim of this review was to determine the extent to which educational attainment influences risk of periodontitis in adults aged 35+ years in the general population. The authors searched the Embase and Medline databases, reference lists of identified articles,  personal databases and contacted experts in the field.  general population-based studies conducted in adults aged [read the full story…]