Results: 133

For: endodontics

Oxycodone for acute dental pain?

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This review of the efficacy of oxycodone for post-operative acute dental pain included 13 studies. the findings showed that NSAIDs are generally superior for post-surgical dental pain, with a better adverse effect profile,so the need for oxycodone in dentistry is limited.

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Apical surgery versus non-surgical root canal treatment or retreatment

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This review of apical surgery compared with non-surgical root canal treatment or retreatment for teeth with apical periodontitis included 5 studies.None of the included studies were at low risk of bias so the findings should be viewed very cautiously.

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Inferior alveolar nerve block 2% mepivacaine versus 4% articaine – trial

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This well conducted randomised controlled trial assessed inferior alveolar nerve block (IANB) success of 2% mepivacaine and 4% articaine in patients with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis (SIP) in mandibular molars during access cavity preparation and instrumentation.

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Single or multiple visit root canal therapy?

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This Cochrane review update comparing single and multiple vist root canal treatments in patients over the age of 10 included 47 RCTs. There was no evidence to suggest that one treatment regimen (single‐visit or multiple‐visit RoCT) is more effective than the other although more patients report pain in the first week with the single visit approach.

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Bioactive glass and hydroxyapatite to occlude dentinal tubules

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In her first blog for the Dental Elf Rebecca Manson takes a look at an in-vitro review of bioactive glass and hydroxyapatite for the occlusion of dentinal tubules. The findings provide some evidence that that bioactive glass/hydroxyapatite are effective in occluding dentinal tubules in an in-vitro setting. Well conducted long term clinical trials are needed to assess effectiveness in a clinical setting.

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Apical Periodontitis – Is treatment with modern root canal instrumentation more effective?

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In this blog Thibault Colloc looks at a review of comparing the effectiveness of contemporary root canal instrumentation compared with conventional stainless-steel instruments in terms of clinical and patient-related outcomes. The review includes 9 studies (6 RCTs and 3 retrospective clinical studies) and was one of a series designed to inform guidelines for the European Society of Endodontics.

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How common is root canal treatment?

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This review of prevalence of root filled teeth in the adult population worldwide included 76 observational studies. The findings suggest that 8.2% (95%CI; 7.3% to 9.1%) of teeth has been root filled and that 55.7% (95%CI; 49.6% to 61.8%) of people had at least one tooth root filled.

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Silver diamine fluoride: The effect on vital dental pulp

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In this review Iris Vaid looks at a systematic review of the dental pulp response to silver diamine flouride (SDF) treatment. Only a small number of studies focused on the biological effects of SDF on the dental pulp and none of them were clinical trials.

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Vital pulp therapies in the management of nontraumatic pulpitis

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Thibault Colloc takes a look at this review of vital pulp therapies in mature and immature permanent teeth with nontraumatic pulpitis. Only 3 RCTs reported in 4 papers involving a total of 330 patients were included. Further high quality well reported studies are needed to clarify the evidence for vital pulp therapies.

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Pulpitis – How effective are diagnostic tests?

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This review of clinical tests for the diagnosis of the condition of the dental pulp included 28 studies from 29 publications. The quality of the included studies was low providing limited scientific evidence regarding the accuracy and reproducibility of diagnostic tests.

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