Results: 119

For: oral medicine and pathology

Oral candidiasis: Are probiotics effective?

Candida albicans

This review of the the efficacy of probiotics on oral Candida spp. includes 12 RCTs and suggests a possible benefit. However the quality of the evidence is limited so the findings should be intepreted cautiously.

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Oral lichen planus: malignant transformation rate

Lichen_planusWickham's

This review of the malignant transformation rate of oral lichen planus and associated risk factors included 33 studies. Using a strict definition the authors found a malignant transformation rate of 0.44%.

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Oral Lichen Planus: Is treatment with corticosteroids safe and effective?

Lichen_planusWickham's

This Cochrane review of the efficacy and safety of corticosteroids for the treatment of people with oral lichen planus(OLP) included 35 RCTs suggesting that they may be more effective than placebo for reducing the pain of symptomatic OLP but the reliability of the finding is low.

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Computerised local anaesthesia in paediatric patients

shutterstock_40200184

This review ofwhether local computerised anaesthesia decreases the pain and disruptive behaviour in children when compared to conventional anaesthesia included 20 RCTs and suggested no diference between the two approaches.

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Articaine: Is it the best local anaesthetic for teeth with irreversible pulpitis undergoing root canal treatment?

shutterstock_40200184

5 systematic reviews were included in this umbrella review of whether articaine or lidocaine is the most appropriate local anaesthetic solution for teeth with irreversible pulpitis undergoing root canal treatment.

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Guideline: Antibiotics for Dental Pain and Swelling

shutterstock_64158991 question mark pills tablets

This new guideline from the American Dental Association is about the the appropriate use of systemic antibiotics for the urgent management of symptomatic irreversible pulpitis with or without symptomatic apical pulpitis, pulp necrosis and symptomatic apical periodontitis and pulp necrosis and localized acute apical abscess.

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Vitamin D deficiency: Is it a risk factor for recurrent aphthous stomatitis?

Researchers in this study wanted to see if people with learning disabilities had higher levels of vitamin D deficiency than the general population

This review of a possible association between vitamin D deficiency and recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) included 5 case control studies providing limited evidence that low levels of serum vitamin D might be a risk factor for RAS.

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Toombak: A risk factor for oral leukoplakia and cancer

29 September 2013. El Fasher: A trader shows a tray with tombac (chewing tobacco) at the market in El Fasher, North Darfur. Tombac is one of North Darfur’s major cash crops. The traditional markets for tombac include South Sudan, Blue Nile and South Kordofan states. Farmers assure four million people in Darfur are dependent on the cultivation and sale of tobacco. They claim that tobacco had been produced in the region since 1850.  Originally, the production of tombac started in Tombouctou (Mali) and later it was imported to Egypt and Darfur.  Photo by Albert González Farran, UNAMID

This review of the association between toombak use and oral leukoplakia and oral squamous cell carcinoma included 8 observational studies suggesting a strong association.

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Oral mucositis in cancer patients: the effect of oral supplementation

shutterstock_74662099 zinc

This review of of the effects of oral supplementation on the prevention and/or treatment of oral mucositis in patients with cancer undergoing chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy included 12 RCTs and suggest that Zinc supplements may be beneficial.

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COX-2 inhibitors for pain management after third molar removal

Many drugs are licensed for use in Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD), but it is unclear what works best.

This review comparing the efficacy of Cox-2 inhibitors with ibuprofen after third molar removal included 12 RCTs suggesting that COX-2 inhibotors and Ibuprofen provide similar pain relief at 6, 8, and 12 h after third molar removal.

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