Results: 89

For: oral medicine and pathology

Keratocysts: conservative treatment approaches?

Classic_keratocystic_odontogenic_tumour

29 mainly retrospective studies were included in this review of conservative management approaches for odontogenic keratocysts. While the findings suggest use of decompression followed by enucleation data for recurrence were lower than those found in previous reviews of the topic. High quality prospective studies are needed.

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Buffering local anaesthetics to reduce dental injection pain?

shutterstock_17571817- injection

14 RCTs were included in this review of the effect of buffering local anaesthetics in reducing infiltration pain and anaesthesia onset time in dentistry. While slight reductions in onset time was seen in inflamed tissues and for IAN block these were not considered to be clinically significant. However the overall quality of the evidence was low.

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Photodynamic therapy for oral lichen planus?

iStock_000001604217XSmall dental laser

This review of photodynamic therapy (PDT) for management of symptomatic of oral lichen planus included 5 small studies of limited quality that suggest PDT may be beneficial.

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Dementia and oral health

we need to ensure even more so that care staff feel capable and happy in doing what can be a stressful and demanding, as well as rewarding job, so that the residents with dementia are also well looked after and happy

This review of the oral health status of dementia patients included 36 observational studies and highlights the high levels of plaque and many soft tissue related oral health problems suffered by this group of patients.

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Taste disturbances- zinc supplements may have some benefit

There are lots of reasons to eat healthily, but for the time being, it's not clear whether good food can help prevent depression

10 RCTs were included in this update of a Cochrane review of interventions for the management of patients with taste disturbances. VEry low quality evidence suggest that zinc supplementation my be beneficial but further high quality research is needed.

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Mucositis in adult cancer patients reduced with keratinocyte growth factor

PDB_1qql_EBI

This Cochrane review of cytokines and growth factors for preventing oral mucositis in patients having cancer treatment included 35 RCTs finding keratinocyte growth factor beneficial in the prevention of oral mucositis .

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Hepatitis C and oral lichen planus

HCV

This review of the association between hepatitis C virus (HCV) and oral lichen planus (OLP) identified 19 case-controlled studies. While a 6-fold increase in risk of HCV infection was noted in OLP patients a majority of the studies took place in areas with high endemic HCV rates and there is some concern regarding publication bias and the quality of the available studies.

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Laser therapy for oral lichen planus

Lichen_planusWickham's

This review comparing low level laser therapy (LLLT) with steroids for the treatment of oral lichen planus only identified 5 studies none of which were at low risk of bias. Further high quality trials are needed to assess the efficacy of LLLT.

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Potentially malignant disorders of the oral cavity: Evaluation guideline

By Aitor III (Own work) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

This new clinical practice guideline from the American Dental Association (ADA) updates the 2010 guideline on “Evidence-based Clinical Recommendations Regarding Screening for Oral Squamous Cell Carcinomas

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Medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ): treatment and prevention

bisphosphonate

This Cochrane review of interventions for the prevention and treatment of medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) identified 5 trials. Three were related to prevention and two to treatment providing limited evidence to support interventions. More high quality studies are needed.

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