Results: 176

For: oral medicine and pathology

Early detection of oral cancer and oral potentially malignant disorders

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This Cochrane review update of dthe iagnostic test accuracy of conventional oral examination, vital rinsing, light-based detection, mouth self-examination, remote screening, and biomarkers, used singly or in combination, for the early detection of OPMD or OSCC in apparently healthy adults included 18 studies.

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Oral lichen planus and malignant transformation

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This review of high quality studies of oral lichen planus malignant transformation rate included 10 observational studies. The findings found a higher level of malignant transformation in higher quality studies 2.28% (95%CI; 1.49 to 3.20) compared with reviews including lower quality studies 1.14% (0.84 to 1.49).

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Osteonecrosis in bisphosphonate users having dental procedures

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This review of the the frequency of osteonecrosis of the jaw in bisphosphonate users undergoing dental interventions included 27 studies. having dental procedures of 2.7% (95%CI: 0.9 to 5.2%) being higher in those having dental extractions 4.1% (95%CI: 1.5 to 7.7%).

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Oral cryotherapy for preventing oral mucositis during chemotherapy

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This review of the efficacy of oral cryotherapy in the prevention of chemotherapy-induced oral mucositis included 14 studies and a total of 1577 patients. The findings indicate that oral cryotherapy is effective in preventing oral mucositis in patients undergoing chemotherapy for the management of solid malignancies.

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Topical hyaluronic acid for recurrent aphthous stomatitis

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This review of the efficacy of topical hyaluronic acid (HA) for reducing the signs and symptoms of recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) included 9 studies 8 of which were RCTs. The findings suggest that HA may be a potential treatment option for RAS but the evidence is of very low certainty.

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Platelet-rich fibrin and third molar post extraction problems

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This review of the effectiveness of leukocyte-and platelet-rich fibrin (L-PRF) and advanced-platelet-rich fibrin (A-PRF) in mandibular third molar extraction included 10 RCTs. While the findings suggest some benefits the studies are small and limited in number so the findings should be interpreted cautiously.

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Oral mucositis: Risk factors in paediatric oncology patients

The authors suggest a number of factors that may lead to increased prevalence, including depression, childhood trauma, low self-esteem and genetic risk.

Manas Dave takes a look at this review aiming to identify the potential risk factors associated with the development of oral mucositis in paediatric patients. While a range of risk factos are higlighted it is worth noting that 80-100% of all children having chemotherapy experience some degree of mucositis.

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Vitamin B for the treatment of mouth ulcers

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This review of the efficacy of vitamin B in treating mouth ulcers included 16 RCTs published since 2010. All the included studies were published in Chinese with the findings that treatment was more effective in patients treated with vitamin B.

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Articaine: Safety and efficacy compared to lidocaine

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This review assessing the safety and efficacy of articaine for routine dental treatment compared to lidocaine included 12 RCTs involving a total of 919 patients. The findings indicate that articaine is is a safe and efficacious local anaesthetic for all routine dental procedures.

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