Results: 198

For: oral medicine and pathology

Recurrent aphthous stomatitis – topical interventions

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This review of the efficacy and safety of topical interventions used for recurrent aphthous stomatitis included 72 studies assessing 29 different interventions. Most of the interventions did not demonstrate significant differences with limitednumbers of studies for some interventions and overal limitations in the quality of the evidence.

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Alveolar osteitis – local management interventions

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This Cochrane review update looked at local interventions used for the prevention and treatment of alveolar osteitis (dry socket) following tooth extraction. 49 RCTs were included providing moderate certainty evidence for chlorhexidine rinses and gel for probably reduction in dry sockets.

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Burning mouth syndrome treatments – network meta-analysis

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This review of all treatments for the relief of pain associated with burning mouth syndrome (BMS) as compared with no intervention or placebo included 44 RCTs. There was moderate certainty evidence that clonazepam is likely to reduce the pain of BMS compared with placebo.

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Antibiotics for dental infections – Short or long duration courses?

Many drugs are licensed for use in Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD), but it is unclear what works best.

This review comparing short (3–5 days) or longer courses (≥7 days) of antibiotics for the treatment of dental infections in general practice only included one small RCTs. No differences were seen between short an dlong courses but the findings should be interpreted cautiously becaise of the limited data available.

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Metronidazole for treatment of non-periodontal dental infections

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This review of whether metronidazole used as monotherapy or in addition to a β-lactam antibiotic offers any additional benefit over β-lactam monotherapy in non- periodontal dental infections includes 3 RCTs. The findings suggest that metronidazole does not provide superior clinical results compared to β-lactam antibiotics for the treatment of non-periodontal dental infections. However the evidence is limited and of low quality.

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Oral erythroplakia: malignant transformation rate

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This review of the malignant development rate of oral erythroplakia and associated risk factors included 10 studies involving a total of 441 patients. Meta-analysis of 3 studies suggest a malignant development rate = 19.9% (95%CI; -1.6% to 41.4%).

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Burning mouth syndrome – topical interventions

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This review assessing the effectiveness of topical interventions in the management of burning mouth syndrome (BMS), based on the core outcome domains recommended by the Initiative on Methods, Measurement, and Pain Assessment in Clinical Trials (IMMPACT) includes 8 RCTs and higlights the need to apply standardised outcome measures in future studies.

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Chronic ulcerative stomatitis: Clinical and immunological features

Direct immunoflorescence

In this blog Iris Vaid looks at a review of chronic ulcerative stomatitis (CUS) a rare mucous membrane condition that presents clinically as non-specific ulcerated or erosive lesions. The review included 81 cases reported in 25 papers.

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Comparison of topical antifungal agents for oral candidiasis treatment

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This review comparing the efficacy and safety of topical antifungal drugs for oral candidiasis in children and adults included 11 RCTs 9 of which concerned adults and 2 children. The findings support the use of fluconazole and amphotericin B for adults.

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Adverse effects of E-cigarettes on head, neck, and oral cells

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Iris Vaid takes a look at this review of whether e-cigarettes have a negative impact on the cells in the head, neck, and mouth. 16 in-vitro studies showed that oral cells exposed to e-cigarettes showed aberrant cell morphology, reduced cell viability, and increased apoptosis and/or necrosis.

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