Results: 141

For: oral medicine and pathology

Effects of NSAIDs on dental implant osseointegration

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In his first blog for the Dental Elf Alex Orchard looks at a review of studies assessing the impact of non-steroidal antiflamatory drugs (NDAIDs) on dental implant osseointegration. Only a very small number of studies were identified providing insufficient information to draw any conclusions.

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Digital pathology: Diagnostic concordance and discordance

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Manas Dave considers this review of the safety and reliability of digital pathology. The review included 24 studies showing high concordance between digital pathology and light microscopy suggesting that digital pathology is a viable alternative to light microscopy.

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Denture stomatitis: Is microwave disinfection effective?

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This review of the effectiveness of removable complete denture disinfection using microwaves for the treatment of denture stomatitis included 3 small RCTs. While the findings suggest that microwave may be effective the evidence is of low certainty so additional high quality well reported studies are needed.

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Metastasis to the oral and maxillofacial region

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This review of metastasis to the oral and maxillofacial region included 217 studies (190 case reports,24 case series ). Metastasis were uncommon, but identified from 29 primary sites, the most common sites being lung the lungs (20.97%), breast (12.06%) and kidney (11.78%).

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Botulinum toxin and idiopathic dentoalveolar pain

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This review of the use of botulinum toxin (BONT-A) for pain-relief in patients with persistent idiopathic dentoalveolar pain included just 3 small uncontrolled studies providing a very limited amounh of very low quality evidence.

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Hyposalivation: Prevalence in the elderly

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13 studies involving a total of 3885 patients were included in this review of the prevalence of hyposalivation in individuals aged ≥ 60 years. The findings suggest an overall prevalence of 33.4% (95%CI; 23.9- 43.6%).

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Optical fluorescence imaging in oral cancer and potentially malignant disorders

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Manas Dave looks at a recent review of which considers the efficacy of optical fluorescence imaging as an adjunct to clinical oral examination for the detection of oral mucosal lesions. The review includes 27 studies and provides evidence to support additional high quality studies to assess its effectiveness.

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Saliva in the diagnosis of COVID-19

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Saliva has been suggested as having potential diagnostic value in COVID-19 patients. In this blog Manas Dave looks at a recent review of the subject which included 28 studies.

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Low-level laser therapy in the prevention and treatment of oral mucositis

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Manas Dave takes a look at this review evaluating the prophylactic and therapeutic effects of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) in patients who might or have developed oral mucositis during chemotherapy or radiotherapy.

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Osteoradionecrosis and denture use in head and neck cancer patients

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This review assessing the evidence of the impact of replacing missing teeth with dentures on the development of osteoradionecrosis in patients who have radiotherapy for head and neck cancer only identified 3 case-controlled studies of very low quality.

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