Results: 100

For: oral medicine and pathology

Top Dental Elf Blogs: May – Aug 2018

The elves have been mining the archive for research blogs to support CQC's recommendations on high-quality adult social care services and support.

Popular Dental Elf blogs in May-Jun 2018 include; tooth whitening; oral surgery and anticoagulants, anxiety management in children using CBT and oral lichen planus

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Aloe vera for treatment of oral submucous fibrosis?

shutterstock_32414035 - Betel leaf

This review effectiveness of aloe vera on alleviating the symptoms of oral submucous fibrosis included 6 RCTs . The findings suggest a possible benefit but 5 of the trials were at high risk of bias so the findings should be viewed cautiously.

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Oral lichen planus and diabetes: are they associated?

Lichen_planusWickham's

This review of the relationship between oral lichen planus and diabetes included 22 studies. While both meta-analysis suggest a relationship the confidence intervals cross the line of no effect so are not statistically significant.

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Sjögren’s syndrome: treatments for dry mouth and hyposalivation

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36 studies were included in this review of treatment options for xerostomia, hyposalivation and quality of life in patients with Sjögren’s syndrome provinding evidence to support pilocarpine use. However the number of studies were limited and adverse effects were common.

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Geographic tongue: little evidence for the management of symptomatic cases

oral_lichen

This review of treatments for the management of symptomatic benign migratory glossitis (BMG) only included 11 small low quality studies providing little evidence for the management of symptomatic BMG.

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Oral lichen planus: Rate of malignant transformation

Lichen_planusWickham's

This review of the malignant transformation rate (TR) of oral lichen planus included 21 observational studies the majority of which were retrospective. The overall estimate of TR was 1.4%.

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Oral potentially malignant disorders – how common are they?

Leukoplakia02-04-06

This review of the prevalence of oral potentially malignant disorders included 22 observational studies providing a pooled estimate for prevalence of 4.47% (95% CI;2.43-7.08).

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Denture stomatitis: Is there a role for low-level laser therapy?

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This review of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) or photodynamic therapy (PDT) in the treatment of denture stomatitis only identified 4 small RCTs providing limited low quality evidence of clinical effectiveness.

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Dentine hypersensitivity: Effectiveness of desensitising toothpastes

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This review evaluating the effectiveness of desensitising toothpastes included 53 RCTs. Most agents with the exception of those containing strontium or amorphous calcium phosphate were effective in relieving dentine hypersensitivity compared with negative controls.

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Local anaesthetics for preventing pain during dental treatment

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123 RCTs were included in this Cochrane review of local anaesthetic agents for preventing pain during dental treatment. 14 types of local anaesthetic were included evidence to support the use of one over another was limited so further research is needed to clarify the effectiveness and safety of one local anaesthetic over another.

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