Results: 131

For: oral medicine and pathology

Human Papilloma Virus in oral potentially malignant disorders

Human Papilloma Virus

In this blog Manás Dave looks at a review of the prevalence of human papilloma virus (HPV) in oral potentially malignant disorders (OPMD). Although 52 studies were included one in five OPMDs being HPV positive is not a substantial link so teh findings need to be interpreted cautiously.

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Radioprotective measures in children undergoing dental radiography

shutterstock_54042145 - Child, dentists & X-ray

In this blog Manas Dave looks at a systematic review of radioprotective measures for children undergoing dental radiography. The review was conducted to assist the the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry update of radioprotective guidelines for dental radiography in children.

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Hypomineralisation and drugs used during pregnancy and infancy

mih

Manas Dave looks at this systematic review of the association between hypomineralised second primary molars (HSPM) and drug use during pregnancy and the first year of life

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MRONJ: Medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw management strategies

Stage_2_MRONJ

15 systematic reviews were included in this review of teh treament and management of medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ). The reviews only identified weak evidence to support treatment protocols for MRONJ so high quality well reported RCTs are needed.

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Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: What are the orofacial manifestations and dental considerations?

Lupus (SLE)

Marianne Dobson takes a look at this systematic review of the orofacial manifestations of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The review included 30 studies and provides a narrative summary of a issues related to orofacial symptoms and management. However good quality prospective studies are needed to improve the the quality of evidence surrounding this topic.

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Oral Proliferative Verrucous Leukoplakia: What are the clinical features?

Leukoplakia , Verrucous

Marianne Dobson in her first blog for the Dental Elf takes a look at a systematic review looking at the main clinical features of proliferative verrucous leukoplakia

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Oral lichen planus: How common is it worldwide?

Lichen Planus -histopathology

This review of the global prevalence of oral lichen planus (OLP) included 66 observational studies providing an estimate of prevalence of 1.01% (0.74 to 1.32%).

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Mouthwash; can it reduce levels of Covid-19 in the mouth?

shutterstock_12720943-mouthwash

This latest rapid review from Mark-Steven Howe looks at the virucidal efficacy of commonly used oral mouthwashes. No high quality evidence was identified. Some demonstrate good virucidal properties but have poor substativity with the benefits being lost within a few minutes.

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Oral submucous fibrosis: Is treatment with hyaluronidase and corticosteroids effective?

A_close_up_of_Areca_nut

This review of the efficacy of hyaluronidase combined with corticosteroids in the management of oral submucous fibrosis (OSF)included 6 small RCTs of short duration. Only one of the RCTs was considered to be at low risk of bias so additional well conducted and reported studies with larger sample are needed to evaluate treatments for OSF.

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Botulinum toxin for management of temporomandibular disorders

shutterstock_128569418

This review of botulinum toxin (BTX) in the management of temporomandibular joint disorders (TMD) included 7 small RCTs of low quality. high quality well reported RCTs with larger sample sizes and longer follow times are needed to properly assess the effectiveness of BTX in the management of TMD.

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