Results: 92

For: oral medicine and pathology

Dentine hypersensitivity: Effectiveness of desensitising toothpastes

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This review evaluating the effectiveness of desensitising toothpastes included 53 RCTs. Most agents with the exception of those containing strontium or amorphous calcium phosphate were effective in relieving dentine hypersensitivity compared with negative controls.

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Local anaesthetics for preventing pain during dental treatment

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123 RCTs were included in this Cochrane review of local anaesthetic agents for preventing pain during dental treatment. 14 types of local anaesthetic were included evidence to support the use of one over another was limited so further research is needed to clarify the effectiveness and safety of one local anaesthetic over another.

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Corticosteroids for post-endodontic pain

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This review of the efficacy of corticosteroids on postoperative endodontic pain. found that patients receiving corticosteroids reported significantly lower pain scores at 6, 12 and 24hrs postoperatively.

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Keratocysts: conservative treatment approaches?

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29 mainly retrospective studies were included in this review of conservative management approaches for odontogenic keratocysts. While the findings suggest use of decompression followed by enucleation data for recurrence were lower than those found in previous reviews of the topic. High quality prospective studies are needed.

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Buffering local anaesthetics to reduce dental injection pain?

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14 RCTs were included in this review of the effect of buffering local anaesthetics in reducing infiltration pain and anaesthesia onset time in dentistry. While slight reductions in onset time was seen in inflamed tissues and for IAN block these were not considered to be clinically significant. However the overall quality of the evidence was low.

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Photodynamic therapy for oral lichen planus?

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This review of photodynamic therapy (PDT) for management of symptomatic of oral lichen planus included 5 small studies of limited quality that suggest PDT may be beneficial.

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Dementia and oral health

we need to ensure even more so that care staff feel capable and happy in doing what can be a stressful and demanding, as well as rewarding job, so that the residents with dementia are also well looked after and happy

This review of the oral health status of dementia patients included 36 observational studies and highlights the high levels of plaque and many soft tissue related oral health problems suffered by this group of patients.

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Taste disturbances- zinc supplements may have some benefit

There are lots of reasons to eat healthily, but for the time being, it's not clear whether good food can help prevent depression

10 RCTs were included in this update of a Cochrane review of interventions for the management of patients with taste disturbances. VEry low quality evidence suggest that zinc supplementation my be beneficial but further high quality research is needed.

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Mucositis in adult cancer patients reduced with keratinocyte growth factor

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This Cochrane review of cytokines and growth factors for preventing oral mucositis in patients having cancer treatment included 35 RCTs finding keratinocyte growth factor beneficial in the prevention of oral mucositis .

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Hepatitis C and oral lichen planus

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This review of the association between hepatitis C virus (HCV) and oral lichen planus (OLP) identified 19 case-controlled studies. While a 6-fold increase in risk of HCV infection was noted in OLP patients a majority of the studies took place in areas with high endemic HCV rates and there is some concern regarding publication bias and the quality of the available studies.

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