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Digital v conventional impressions for implant-supported fixed complete arch prostheses

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This review comparing digital scans and conventional impressions for complete arch implant-supported fixed prostheses included 6 RCTs. The findings suggest that digital scans significantly reduce the the time required compared with conventional impressions for complete arch implant-supported prostheses. However, there are only a small number of small studies available with only one of the six included being at low risk of bias.

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Are e-cigarettes more addictive than tobacco?

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Tuba Saygin Avsar reviews a study on the perceived addiction of e-cigarettes, which used data from the International Tobacco Control Smoking and Vaping England Survey, to suggest that most UK vapers consider e-cigarettes less addictive than tobacco.

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Plaque accumulation with clear aligners and fixed orthodontic appliances

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This review comparing plaque accumulation in orthodontic patients undergoing clear aligner (CA) and conventional fixed appliance treatment included 14 studies. The findings suggested less plaque accumulation with CA but all the included studies were at moderate to high risk of bias.

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Towards better psychological treatment of depression #DepressionSolvingTheToll part 3

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Part 3 in a four-part series on solving the toll of depression on populations. Pim Cuijpers focuses on the psychological treatment of depression and gives an overview of a meta-analytic research domain.

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Understanding maladaptive exercise in adolescence: who is at risk and why?

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Caroline Touzeau and Caitlin Lloyd blog about a recent longitudinal cohort study that investigated patterns of maladaptive exercise in young people, which supports “re-framing motivations for exercise in youth away from weight loss at a population level”.

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We need to give staff a say, to make sure they will want to stay: what a realist review tells us is missing from the NHS Long Term Workforce Plan

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Justine Karpusheff explores a new realist synthesis of factors affecting retention of staff in UK adult mental health services.

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Extraction or non-extraction treatment and orthodontic outcomes

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This review of premolar extraction v non-extraction orthodontic treatment included 30 studies. Of these studies were 29 were retrospective and all 30 studies were considered to be at high risk of bias. The certainty of evidence is vey low so additional high quality research is required.

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Is targeting loneliness the key to releasing people from entrapment and preventing suicide?

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Liam Pikett summarises a cross-sectional study exploring the association of family, social and romantic loneliness with suicidal ideation and self-harm.

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Early intervention for psychosis: better outcomes in the short term?

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Emanuele Osimo blogs about the 20-year follow up of the OPUS trial, which tested early intervention services for people with first-episode schizophrenia spectrum disorder.

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Coronectomy for lower third molar surgery

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This review of coronectomy versus extraction of third molars in patients at increased risk of inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) injuries included 42 observational studies. The findings indicate lower a reduction in the odds of IAN sensory loss in favour of coronectomy and an increase in the odds of surgical reintervention.

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