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Mindfulness to support antidepressant withdrawal: patient views and experiences

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Hannah Bowers writes her debut blog on a recent qualitative study, which explores how mindfulness-based cognitive therapy can help people stop taking antidepressants and recover from depression. This paper includes the views and perspectives of participants in the 2015 PREVENT trial.

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Antifungal drugs for oral candidiasis

Candida Albicans

This network meta-analysis of the efficacy of antifungal drugs on oral candidiasis included 31 RCTs of overal low quality suggesting that fluconazole may be the most effective.

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STrAtegies for RelaTives (START): long-lasting effect on the wellbeing of family carers of dementia patients

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A group of UCL Mental Health MSc students summarise a recent RCT assessing the clinical and cost-effectiveness over 6 years of the START intervention for family carers of people with dementia.

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Oral leukoplakia: Malignant transformation rate

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

This review of the rate of malignant transformation of oral leukoplakia included 34 many retrospective observational studies. The estimated mean malignant transformation rate was 9.7% (95%CI; 7.8% to 11.7%).

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Dental implants: Short or standard for single-crown restoration in posterior jaw?

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This review comparing whether implant supported crowns on short or standard implants have similar clinical outcomes in the posterior alveolar bone included 5 RCTs. the findings suggested no differences at one year but that shorter implants performed less well at 5 years.

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Oral candidiasis: Are probiotics effective?

Candida albicans

This review of the the efficacy of probiotics on oral Candida spp. includes 12 RCTs and suggests a possible benefit. However the quality of the evidence is limited so the findings should be intepreted cautiously.

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The rapid increase in global mental illness: fake news?

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A group of UCL Mental Health Masters students summarise a systematic review and meta-analysis examining if the global prevalence rate of adult mental illness is increasing.

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Third molars: Envelope or triangular flap for mandibular third molar surgery?

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This review comparing the effects of envelope and triangular flaps for mandibular third molar surgery included 20 RCTs involving 770 patients. A majority of the studies were of cross-over design with the findings suggesting no differences in teh outcomes between the two flap designs.

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Quarantine: infection prevention, but at what cost for mental health?

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As the COVID-19 lockdown enters its second week in the UK, Matthew Iveson and Andrew McIntosh consider the psychological impact of quarantine and how to reduce it.

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Oral lichen planus: malignant transformation rate

Lichen_planusWickham's

This review of the malignant transformation rate of oral lichen planus and associated risk factors included 33 studies. Using a strict definition the authors found a malignant transformation rate of 0.44%.

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