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Youth mental health interventions: umbrella review presents efficacy and acceptability data

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In his debut blog, Nick Meader tackles a huge umbrella review of youth mental health interventions, which presents the efficacy and acceptability of 72 different approaches to help children and young people.

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Mastication and chronic disease in older adults

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In this blog Carly Ross assess a review of the associations between objectively assessed masticatory performance, chronic systemic diseases and physical function in older adults.

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Aerobic exercise for major depression: the role of reward processing and cognitive control

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Francesca Bentivegna summarises a trial which looks at how aerobic exercise can help students with major depression by examining reward and cognitive control as predictors and treatment targets.

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Early and delayed dental implant loading

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This review of the outcomes of early and delayed loading of dental implants included 18 RCTs. The findings suggest that early and delayed loading protocols had similar clinical outcomes. However none of the included studies was at a low risk and 13 of the 18 studies were considered to be at high risk of bias. While the findings are similar to other reviews teh availabel evidence is of low to very low certainty.

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Apical Periodontitis – Is treatment with modern root canal instrumentation more effective?

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In this blog Thibault Colloc looks at a review of comparing the effectiveness of contemporary root canal instrumentation compared with conventional stainless-steel instruments in terms of clinical and patient-related outcomes. The review includes 9 studies (6 RCTs and 3 retrospective clinical studies) and was one of a series designed to inform guidelines for the European Society of Endodontics.

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E-cigarettes vs nicotine patches: are either adequate to support pregnant smokers?

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In her debut blog, Tuba Saygın Avşar summarises a recent RCT, which finds that “E-cigarettes might help women who are pregnant to stop smoking, and their safety for use in pregnancy is similar to that of nicotine patches.”

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Caries prevention in older adults

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This review of the effectiveness of professionally applied fluoride therapy in preventing and arresting dental caries in older adults aged 60 years or above included 7 studies. The findings suggest that 5% NaF varnish, 38% SDF solution, and 1.23% APF gel were effective in preventing root caries but the studies were varied in treatment protocols, intervention method and follow-up period so more research in needed.

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ADHD is a substantial risk factor for poor academic performance, according to a new study from Norway #CAMHScampfire

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Douglas Badenoch summarises a recent population-based study of ADHD deficit in school performance across sex and parental education, which has some interesting findings for parents, teachers and health professionals.

Join us around the #CAMHScampfire on Tuesday 27th September to discuss this paper.

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A map of England’s community mental health interventions: are we meeting people’s needs?

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In her debut blog, Elena Opie considers a study that aimed to map community mental health interventions related to policy and practice for improving adult mental health in England.

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Critiquing the evidence behind the “evidence-based conclusions” about ADHD

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Shuichi Suetani and Gaj Panagoda explore the World Federation of ADHD International Consensus Statement published in 2021, which contains “208 evidence-based conclusions about attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.

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