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Dentine hypersensitivity: Effectiveness of desensitising toothpastes

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This review evaluating the effectiveness of desensitising toothpastes included 53 RCTs. Most agents with the exception of those containing strontium or amorphous calcium phosphate were effective in relieving dentine hypersensitivity compared with negative controls.

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Asking about suicide does not cause harm, in fact it may help

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Pooky Knightsmith considers the benefits and risks of asking research participants about suicide in this important blog, which summarises a recent meta-analysis on the impact of exposure to suicide-related content.

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Incredible Years Teacher Classroom Management: STARS trial suggests benefits for children’s mental health

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Neil Humphrey is impressed by the STARS cluster randomised controlled trial published today in Psychological Medicine, which evaluates the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of the Incredible Years Teacher Classroom Management programme in primary school children.

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Local anaesthetics for preventing pain during dental treatment

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123 RCTs were included in this Cochrane review of local anaesthetic agents for preventing pain during dental treatment. 14 types of local anaesthetic were included evidence to support the use of one over another was limited so further research is needed to clarify the effectiveness and safety of one local anaesthetic over another.

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Complementary therapies for PTSD: can mindfulness combat the mindlessness of combat? #CAMSTRAND2018

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The #CAMSTRAND2018 delegates blog about a recent systematic review of mind-body therapies for Military Veterans with PTSD (Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder).

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Periodontal health: no additional benefit from 6 monthly Scale and Polish

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This large multicentre, cluster randomised controlled compared the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of theory-based, personalised oral hygiene advice or scale and polish’ with routine care in improving periodontal health in dentate adults attending general dental practice.

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CBT for anxiety: new meta-analysis confirms significant improvements to target symptoms

CBT plus taper is effective at reducing benzodiazepine use in the short term (3 months) but this effect is not sustained at 6 months.

Inês Pote summarises a recent meta-analysis of randomised placebo-controlled trials of cognitive behavioural therapy for anxiety and related disorders.

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Orthognathic surgery: Are perioperative steroids beneficial?

Bariatric surgery and marked weight loss is likely to improve knee complaints but there is a need for high quality studies

This review of perioperative systemic corticosteroids on clinically important outcomes in patients undergoing orthognathic surgery identified 8 small RCTs. A reduction in facial oedema was seen in those receiving systemic corticosteroids. However the quality of the studies is limited and there is lack of evidence on other outcomes or adverse effects.

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Suicide risk following childhood interpersonal violence

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Katrina Witt considers the findings of a meta-analysis of longitudinal studies, which looks at exposure to interpersonal violence in childhood, and the impact that it may have on risk of suicide in young people.

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Regenerative endodontic treatment: Does apical diameter affect outcome?

By Drs. Ken Hargreaves and Obadah Austah, Dept of Endodontics, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio - Ken Hargreaves, CC BY 3.0 us, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=30784169

This review of regenerative endodontic treatment included 14 small observational studies of limited quality suggesting a possible influence of apical diameter on clinical outcomes.

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