Caries detection methods: How accurate are they?

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This review of the accuracy of different methods for detecting carious lesions in primary and permanent teeth compares visual inspection, radiographs and fluorescence-based detection. 240 studies were included and the findings suggest that visual inspection was adequate for most patients.

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Mental disorders start early and vary across the lifespan: it’s time to pay attention to the whole person, and less to the diagnosis #IoPPNfestival

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In her debut blog, Dona Matthews reviews a longitudinal cohort study by Caspi and Moffitt which explores how mental disorders and comorbidities have affected over one thousand people in New Zealand across four decades.

This Dunedin birth cohort study research will be presented by Prof Terrie Moffitt at the #IoPPNfestival later today.

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Caries detection using electrical conductance

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This Cochrane review of the diagnostic accuracy of different electrical conductance devices for the detection and diagnosis of non-cavitated coronal dental caries included 7 studies. The quality of the studies mean we are very uncertain of how electrical conductance devices are in detecting and diagnosing early tooth decay.

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Stigma and discrimination in people at risk of psychosis

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Dave Steele explores a systematic review which finds that people who are at risk of psychosis are likely to experience stigma and discrimination.

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Autism and social anxiety: qualitative research shows how we can help

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Rachel Symons summarises a qualitative study that explores the relationship between autism and social anxiety in male adults.

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COVID-19 Dental Elf Blogs -4

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This blog pulls together a number of our blogs on COVID-19 publishing since July. We also include links to our other COVID-19 relevant blogs published since March 2020.

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Saliva in the diagnosis of COVID-19

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Saliva has been suggested as having potential diagnostic value in COVID-19 patients. In this blog Manas Dave looks at a recent review of the subject which included 28 studies.

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Oral Cancer – Referral by primary care doctors and dentists

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This review comparing primary care doctors and dentists in the referral of oral cancer included 22 mainly retrospective studies. Doctors refered sliightly more than dentists, typically 50% compared with 40% respectively.

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Interproximal caries detection: near-infrared light transillumination (NILT) compared to bitewing radiograph

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This review of the accuracy of the near-infrared light transillumination (NILT) for the detection of interproximal dental caries in permanent dentition included 13 studies with 6 contributing to a meta-analasis. Findings suggest that NILT is reasonably comparable to bitewings.

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Social media to diagnose depression: should this be used to target mental health care?

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In their debut blog, Rina Dutta and Charlotte Cliffe summarise a mixed methods study, which explores public opinion about using social media to diagnose depression.

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