Autotransplantation of teeth with incomplete root formation have good success rates

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This review of success and survival rates and complications of autotransplantation of teeth with incomplete root formation included 32 observational studies only 5 of which were considered to be of high quality. Good success rates were noted but findings should be interpreted cautiously

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Temporomandibular disorders: Prevalence of psychosocial impairment

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This review assessing the level of psychosocial impairment in patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMD) included 14 observational studies . The studies suggest that psychological disorders and psychosocial impairment are common in patients with TMD but the evidence is of low quality.

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Third molar surgery: Steroids had a beneficial effect on pain, swelling and trismus

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This review of effectiveness of corticosteroids in the post-operative control of pain, swelling and trismus after third molar surgery included 17 RCTs suggesting that corticosteroid use had beneficial effects on pain swelling and trismus.

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Cleft lip and palate: maxillary distraction osteogenesis or orthognathic surgery for hypoplastic maxilla?

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This Cochrane review update of the effects and long-term results of maxillary distraction osteogenesis compared to orthognathic surgery for the treatment of hypoplastic maxilla in people with cleft lip and palate only includes 1 small RCT. The trial suggests that distraction osteogenesis may produce more satisfactory results however the trial is considered to be at very high risk of bias so the findings should be viewed cautiously.

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Partial edentulism: The effect of prosthetic treatments on oral health-related quality of life

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23 studies were included in this review assessing the oral health-related quality of life (OHR- QoL ) of patients with partial edentulism after different dental prosthetic treatments. Both fixed tooth-supported and implant-supported dental prostheses improved OHR- QoL in the short and medium term.

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Proximal caries: seal or infiltrate early lesions?

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This review of micro-invasive treatments for proximal caries included 13 split-mouth RCTs. There was moderate quality evidence to support sealing in infiltration of early proximal caries compared with non-invasive treatments such as diet and bio-film management and topical fluorides.

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Oral anticoagulant therapy: Preventing bleeding in patients having dental extractions

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This Cochrane review of antifibrinolytic agents for preventing bleeding in people on oral anticoagulants undergoing dental extractions or minor oral surgery included 4 RCTs. Topical tranexamic acid was effective in reducing post-operative bleeding following dental procedures.

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Vital pulp treatments in mature molars

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4 different vital pulp treatments for deep caries management of mature permanent molars were tested in this stud .The findings suggest that these techniques could be used but other approaches are available.

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Overdenture attachments systems: splinted or unsplinted?

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9 studies were included in this review of the effect of splinted or unsplinted overdenture attachment system on clinical outcomes. The findings suggest no difference however, the quality of the evidence is limited.

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Metformin as an adjunct to periodontal treatment

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This review of metformin as an adjunct to scaling and root planing for chronic periodontitis included 5 RCTs that were of limited quality and mainly from one research group. The findings suggest benefit.

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