Sagittal split osteotomy – Do third molars increase the risk of complications?

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This review investigating whether the presence of third molars during sagittal split osteotomy of the mandible increases the risk of complications included 15 studies. The findings suggests no statistically significant relationship between the presence of 3Ms and complications. However a majority of the studies were retrospective with 13 studies being considered to be at high risk of bias so the certainty of the evidence is considered to be very low.

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Iron deficiency anaemia and early childhood caries

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This review assessing a potential association between early childhood caries (ECC) and iron deficiency anaemia (IDA) included 14 studies. While the findings showed an association between ECC and IDA the certainty of the evidence was very low so the findings should be interpreted very cautiously,

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Third molar surgery and antibiotics to prevent infection

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This review and infection of dry socket after third molar surgery identified 58 RCTs of whihc 34 contributed to a meta-analyses. The findings indicated that metronidazle and amoxicillin did reduce infection but the findings were of low certainty.

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Does surgical root coverage reduce dentine hypersensitivity?

Gingival recession

This review of the effect of surgical root coverage (RC) on dentine hypersensitivity (DH) associated with gingival recession included 13 RCTs. The findings suggest that RC techniques are associated with a reduction in DH a majority of the included studies were small and DH was only a secondary outcome.

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Psychological techniques for children with autism spectrum disorder

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This review of the effectiveness of behaviour management and modification strategies for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) to overcome the anxiety and discomfort associated with receiving dental care includes 15 studies. The findings are inconclusive as the included studies had small sample sizes, several lacked control groups and the majority of studies were at high risk of bias.

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Pulpitis – How effective are diagnostic tests?

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This review of clinical tests for the diagnosis of the condition of the dental pulp included 28 studies from 29 publications. The quality of the included studies was low providing limited scientific evidence regarding the accuracy and reproducibility of diagnostic tests.

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Primary root canal treatment success rates

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Thiis review of the outcomes of primary root canal treatment (RoCT) in studies published since 2003 included 42 studies (15 RCTs, 14 prospective cohorts and 13 retrospective studies. While pooled success rates were high the quality of the included studies was limited and the studies were conducted in an academic or private practice environment.

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Elf Break

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The Dental Elves are taking a short break and will be back on the 13th June      

Dietary omega-3 fatty acids as an adjunct to non-surgical periodontal treatment

Fatty acid supplementation may have involved omega - 3 or -6 oils or both.

This review assessing the impact of dietary omega-3 fatty acids as an adjunct to non-surgical periodontal treatment when compared with periodontal treatment alone included 10 trials ivolving a total of 467 patients. The studies found statistically significant improvements in clinical attachment level (CAL) and periodontal probing depth (PPD) but the studies are generally small and short-term.

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