Powered toothbrushes for orthodontic patients

shutterstock_274582559

This review of powered toothbrushes for periodontal health in orthodontic patients included 9 small RCTs. A small statistically significant benefit was noted in short term use.

[read the full story...]

Coronectomy – a safe option for deeply impacted mandibular third molars?

shutterstock_133048361

This review of coronectomy for management of impacted mandibular third molars included 14 studies suggesting that it is safe and reliable with a low failure rate (7%).

[read the full story...]

Statins as an adjunct to scaling and root planing

shutterstock_129331361

11 RCTs were included in this review of statins as an adjunct to scaling and root planing. The findings suggest improvements in pocket depth and clinical attachment levels with statin use.

[read the full story...]

Orthodontic treatment- can a vibrational stimulus shorten treatment times?

shutterstock_101866108

8 studies were included in this review of vibrational stimulus to accelerate orthodontic treatment. The studies were small and of short duration providing very low quality evidence to support any effect. Further high quality studies of longer duration are needed.

[read the full story...]

Pain during orthodontic treatment –pharmacological treatments

iStock_000002551343XSmall colourful braces on teeth

This Cochrane review of drug interventions for pain during orthodontic treatment including 32 RCTs find that analgesics were effective in reducing pain. However, low quality evidence did not show a difference in effectiveness between systemic NSAIDs compared with paracetamol, or topical NSAIDs compared with local anaesthetic.

[read the full story...]

Mucositis in adult cancer patients reduced with keratinocyte growth factor

PDB_1qql_EBI

This Cochrane review of cytokines and growth factors for preventing oral mucositis in patients having cancer treatment included 35 RCTs finding keratinocyte growth factor beneficial in the prevention of oral mucositis .

[read the full story...]

Hepatitis C and oral lichen planus

HCV

This review of the association between hepatitis C virus (HCV) and oral lichen planus (OLP) identified 19 case-controlled studies. While a 6-fold increase in risk of HCV infection was noted in OLP patients a majority of the studies took place in areas with high endemic HCV rates and there is some concern regarding publication bias and the quality of the available studies.

[read the full story...]

Orthodontic bracket slot size: does it influence treatment outcomes?

shutterstock_72458023 Dental braces super macro

Only 4 mainly retrospective studies were identified for this review of the influence of orthodontic bracket size on treatment outcomes. While greater efficiency was suggested with the 0.018-inch bracket the quality of the evidence is limited a higher quality studies are needed.

[read the full story...]

Sleep bruxism: are oral appliances beneficial?

depression

Sixteen studies were included in this review of oral appliances for sleep bruxism. The included studies were small and mainly short term and only 7 studies were RCTs . Although the availabel evidence suggests a short term benefit further high-quality studies of longer duration are needed.

[read the full story...]

Lingual orthodontic appliances: are treatment effects different from buccal appliances?

shutterstock_155175200

This review comparing the treatment effects of lingual and buccal orthodontic appliances only identified 4 small low quality studies. No differences were found however the findings should be interpreted cautiously.

[read the full story...]