Musculoskeletal disorders in dental care providers: limited evidence for preventive interventions

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Just two RCTs were identified for this Cochrane review of work-related musculoskeletal disorders in dental care providers providing very-low quality evidence for physical ergonomic interventions.

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Orthodontic management and orofacial muscle training protocols in the developing dentition

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15 studies were included in this review of early orthodontic management and orofacial muscle training protocols in the developing dentition. All the included studies were at high risk of bias so high-quality evidence for early orthodontic management and myofunctional treatment in the developing dentition is lacking.

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Implant overdentures: effectiveness of attachment systems

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6 RCTs were included in this Cochrane review of attachment systems for implant overdentures. The included studies provide insufficient evidence of relative effectiveness of prosthodontic success, prosthodontic maintenance, patient satisfaction, patient preference or costs.

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Gingival recession: which surgical treatment technique?

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This Cochrane review of the efficacy of different root coverage procedures for gingival recession included 48 RCTs describing a range of procedures. Most procedures led to a reduction in gingival recession.

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Bone augmentation in atrophic mandibles; autogenous bone or biomaterial?

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This review of bone augmentation with biomaterials or autogenous bone in the posterior mandible outcomes included 4 small split-mouth studies demonstrating similar were outcomes with both materials.

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Oral care for nursing home residents

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This Cochrane review of the effects of oral care on prevention of nursing home acquired pneumonia included 4 RCTs providing low quality evidence that oral care may reduce mortality.

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Antibiotics and toothache

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Only 2 RCTs are included in this Cochrane review update of the effects of systemic antibiotics on adults with symptomatic apical periodontitis or acute apical abscess providing insufficient evidence of effectiveness.

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Third molars: Regenerative techniques for preventing periodontal defects

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This review of the effectiveness of regenerative periodontal treatment for preventing periodontal defects following third molar surgery included 21 RCTs and suggested that these approaches were effective. However a majority of the included studies were at high risk of bias so the findings should be interpreted cautiously.

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Tinnitus: Prevalence in patients with temporomandibular disorders

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This review of the prevalence of tinnitus in patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) included 25 studies finding a higher prevalence of tinnitus in patients with TMDs . Patients with TMD had a median prevalence of 42% compared with 12% in control groups.

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Audiovisual distraction for dental anxiety in children?

Patients in the intervention group were shown a brief informational video before receiving their Internet based intervention, in the hope that this would encourage acceptance of the treatment. 

This review of the effectiveness of audiovisual distraction for reducing dental anxiety in children included 9 trials 6 of which were randomised. The findings suggested that audiovisual distraction was helpful in reducing dental anxiety although all the trials were considered to be at high risk of bias.

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