Denture fabrication: Conventional or simplified approaches

shutterstock_28911784 False teeth

This review od conventional versus simplified verses conventional fabrication techniques for complete dentures included 19 RCTs. The findings suggest that there are no differences between the simple and conventional approaches in terms of patients satisfaction, masticatory efficiency and OHRQoL at least in the short term.

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Endodontic microsurgery

Endodontics_microscope

This review of the clinical and radiographic long-term outcome of endodontic microsurgery in teeth diagnosed with secondary apical periodontitis included 10 studies suggesting an overall success rate ranging from 69-93%.

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Occlusal reduction: Does it reduce post endodontic pain?

pulp

This review of the effect of occlusal reduction on post-operative pain following root canal treatment included 7 RCTs. While the findings suggest that occlusal reduction may reduce post endodontic pain the quality of the available evidence is very low so teh findings should be viewed cautiously.

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Avulsed teeth: Storage media used before replantation

shutterstock_70287046 - avulsed tooth

This review of the effectiveness of any technique available to laypeople for storing an avulsed tooth compared with storage in milk or saliva included 33 studies. Findings suggest that milk, Hank’s balanced salt solution, propolis, oral rehydration salts, rice water, and cling film extend periodontal ligament cell viability before replantation.

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Human Papilloma Virus in oral potentially malignant disorders

Human Papilloma Virus

In this blog Manás Dave looks at a review of the prevalence of human papilloma virus (HPV) in oral potentially malignant disorders (OPMD). Although 52 studies were included one in five OPMDs being HPV positive is not a substantial link so teh findings need to be interpreted cautiously.

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Root canal disinfection: Sodium hypochlorite or chlorhexidine?

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This review comparing the antimicrobial efficacy of chlorhexidine (CHX) and sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) in root canal disinfection included 8 small RCTs. While teh findings suggest that CHX and NaOCL have similar efficacy the certainty of teh availabel evidence is low.

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Interproximal caries detection: near-infrared light transillumination (NILT) compared to bitewing radiograph

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This review of the accuracy of the near-infrared light transillumination (NILT) for the detection of interproximal dental caries in permanent dentition included 13 studies with 6 contributing to a meta-analasis. Findings suggest that NILT is reasonably comparable to bitewings.

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Palatally Displaced Permanent Canines: Interceptive management

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This review of orthodontic procedures for the management of displaced permanent canines in the mixed dentition. 5 RCTs, all at high risk of bias were identified with treatment comparisons being mainly based on single studies.

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Subgingival instrumentation for treating periodontitis

gum disease, scale and polish

This review evaluating the efficacy of subgingival instruments for the treatment of periodontitis included 19 RCTs. The findings show that mechanical subgingival instrumentation is efficacious in the nonsurgical treatment of periodontitis, irrespective of type of instrument or mode of delivery.

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