Extra-oral implants: barclips versus magnets

The study highlighted a lack of evidence about what CMHT services work for older people.

Mark Steven Howe considers this review of extra-oral implant retention. 12 mainly retrospective studies were included providing limited data from which to drawn conclusions regarding the best retention system.

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Dental pulp testing: insufficient evidence to evaluate clinical performance

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This review of pulp sensibility and vitality tests identified 8 studies (4 Cohorts, 4 Case-controlled) . The number of studies matching the inclusion criteria did not provide a sufficient foundation to evaluate the clinical performance of pulp vitality tests.

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Rigid and non-rigid connections between implants and teeth: biological and technical complications.

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Mark-Steven Howe assesses a systematic review looking at the impact of rigid and non-rigid connectors between natural teeth and implants on the biological, functional and/or the prosthetic complication rates. Ten mainly retrospective studies were included providing limited evidence that needs to be interpreted cautiously.

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Oral mucositis in cancer patients: no benefit from chlorhexidine mouthwash

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This review of chlorhexidine (CHX) for prevention & treatment of oral mucositis included 12 RCTs with 9 contribution to the meta-analysis. CHX was not significantly effective in preventing mucositis or reducing its severity.

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Chlorhexidine gels and rinses reduce dry socket after third molar extraction

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This review of the effectiveness of chlorhexidine for prevention of dry socket after third molar removal includes 18 RCTs. The finding suggest a 47% (95%CI,38-55) reduction in cases following its use.

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Complete overdentures retained by mini implants.

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Mark-Steven Howe looks at a review of complete overdentures supported on mini-implants. Although 24 studies are included the majority are small and short term so while good overall overdenture survival was seen the results should be interpreted with caution.

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Anxiety and pain during dental treatment

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35 studies investigating 47 clinical groups were included in this review of the association between dental anxiety and pain during dental treatment. The findings suggest a consistent impact on pain through the entire period of dental treatment.

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Resin-bonded fixed dental prostheses: 5 year survival and complication rates

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This review of survival and complication rates of resin-bonded fixed dental prosthesis included 209 studies. The findings suggest overall survival rates of 91.3 % (95%CI; 88–93.7) . The quality of the available studies suggest that this should be interpreted cautiously.

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Caries lesions in enamel – Still drill and fill?

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This review of dental clinicians thresholds for intervention in teeth with caries included 30 studies over a 31year time span. 21% (95%CI;15%-28%) of dentists/therapists would intervene invasively for lesions confined to enamel doubling in high risk patients with little changed being noted over time.

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Oral Health in people with dementia

This study is the first of its kind from an RCT perspective which clearly shows that treating major depression in older adults using interventions in primary care settings can extend life

This review of oral health in older people with dementia included 37 mainly observational studies of limited quality. The findings suggest that oral health was generally poorer in those with dementia.

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