Prednisolone for post-endodontic pain?

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This randomised controlled trial of a single, preoperative oral dose of prednisolone on post-endodontic pain involved 400 patients demonstrating a significant reduction in pain at 6,12 and 24 hours.

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Barriers and enablers to dental care for people affected by mental health disorders

The study participants may not be representative of the real-world population

This narrative review focuses on the barriers and enablers for patients with mental health problems in accessing dental care. Most of the published work focuses on barriers . More work and resources are needed to improve both access to care and oral health outcomes or this group of patients.

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Antibiotics as an adjunct to the non-surgical periodontal treatment of smokers

Smoking man

Mark-Steven Howe looks at a systematic review of the effectiveness of adjunctive antibiotics in smokers undergoing non-surgical periodontal treatment. While a statistical benefit was noted it was not considered to be clinically relevant.

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Periodontal maintenance after specialist treatment: specialist or primary care setting?

gum disease, scale and polish

This reviews of the efficacy of periodontal maintenance treatment carried out in primary care compared to the specialist setting following specialist treatment included 8 cohort studies. The quality of the available evidence was limited suggesting outcomes may be poorer in primary care further high quality studies are required

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Scaling and root planing adjuncts for chronic periodontitis

shutterstock_113989924  - periodontitis

In 2015 the American Dental Association published a Guideline on nonsurgical treatment of chronic periodontitis. This network meta-analysis re-analyses the included studies providing a complementary appraisal of the data.

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Medication for mental health: Oral health impacts

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This review of the side effects of medications prescribed for the management of mental health highlights their potential impact on oral health. The commonest problems being xerostomia.

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Drugs to prevent salivary gland damage following radiotherapy to the head and neck

This Cochrane review of drugs for the prevention of radiation-induced salivary gland dysfunction included 39 studies, while a range of agents was tested the evidence found is not sufficient to highlight much promise in terms of effective preventative treatments.

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Dental implant placement into fresh extraction sockets

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Mark-Steven Howe considers this review of dental implants placed into fresh extraction socket. While 30 studies were included in the review he looks closely at the 3 studies with the longest follow up.

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Fissure sealants effective in preventing caries in children and adolescents

Fissure sealant

38 trials were included in this updated Cochrane review of the effect of fissure sealants on occlusal caries. The data show a reduction in caries of between 11-51% at 24months compared to no sealant. The benefit was also maintained at longer-term follow up.

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Dental implants: survival rates in patients with osteoporosis

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15 observational studies were included in this review of implant survival in patients with osteoporosis. while the findings suggest no difference compared to healthy patients the quality of the included studies is low so the findings should be interpreted cautiously.

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