Tooth crowding in children: Which orthodontic intervention?

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This Cochrane review of the effects of orthodontic interventions for preventing or correcting crowded teeth in children included 24 RCTs. A wide range of interventions were assessed typically is small single studies so the available evidence is of very low certainty.

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Chemotherapy for oral cavity and oropharyngeal cancer

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This review of whether chemotherapy, in addition to radiotherapy and/or surgery for oral cavity and oropharyngeal cancer, results in improved overall survival included 100 studies. the findings indicated some benefit only when used in a few specific circumstances.

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Early detection of oral cancer and oral potentially malignant disorders

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This Cochrane review update of dthe iagnostic test accuracy of conventional oral examination, vital rinsing, light-based detection, mouth self-examination, remote screening, and biomarkers, used singly or in combination, for the early detection of OPMD or OSCC in apparently healthy adults included 18 studies.

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Maxillary sinus augmentation – relative performance of available biomaterials and the challenge of small studies

Sinus Lift

Mark Steven Howe takes a detailed look at this Bayesian network meta-analysis (NMA) assessing the relative performance of diffferent biomaterials used for maxillary sinus augmentation. 34 RCTs with 28 different treatment options providing a large number of potential pairwise comparisons although only a small number used direct data. The findings suggest little difference beween the various biomaterials but the available studies are small with only 5 being at low risk of bias.

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Top Dental Elf Blogs: Oct – Dec 2021

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Amoxicillin and metronidazole as an adjunct to full-mouth scaling and root planing, malignant transformation on oral lichen planus and toothbrushing to prevent ventilator-associated pneumonia was out most popular blogs between October to December 2021.

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Top Dental Elf Blogs: Jul – Sep 2021

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Treatments for cavitated dentine caries, topical anaesthetics to reduce injection pain and vital pulp therapy for permanent teeth were out most popular blogs duing July, August and September 2021.

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Top Dental Elf Blogs: Apr – Jun 2021

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Blogs on alveolar ridge preservation techniques, rubber dam and restoration survival and curcumin mouthwashes were the most popular topics between April and June of 2021.

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Top Dental Elf Blogs: Jan – Mar 2021

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Blogs on burning mouth syndrome, pain control following third molar surgery and the possible association between serum zinc levels and recurrent apthous unceration were the most popular blogs during January – March 2021.

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Orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances – How long does it take?

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This review of the the treatment duration required to achieve whole-arch alignment of the mandibular dentition using fixed appliances included 35 RCTs. The pooled duration for whole-arch alignment in the mandible was 263.0 days/8.8 months (95%CI: 6.2 to11.3 months). Mandibular incisor alignment was achieved in 100.7 days/3.4 months (95%CI: 2.8 to 3.9 months).

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Tricalcium phosphates for infra-bony periodontal defects

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This review of the clinical efficacy of tricalcium phosphates (-containing) biomaterials in the treatment of periodontal infra-bony defects includes 16 RCTs. While the findings suggest improvements in pocket depth and clinical attachment level only 6 of the studies contributed to the meta-analyses and the number of events and studies are small so the findings should be viewed cautiously.

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