Periodontal regeneration therapies: Are benefits long-term?

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This review of periodontal regeneration therapies included 52 trials. While the results suggest some statistically significant improvements they may not be clinically important. There is also limited data for outcomes longer than 12 months.

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Pulp capping carious exposures in adults: calcium hydroxide or MTA?

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This small but well conducted RCT compares the effectiveness of MTA and calcium hydroxide for direct pulp capping material in adult molars with carious pulpal exposure finding better performance for MTA at 3 years.

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Toothbrushing: Are three heads better than one?

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This review of the effectiveness of 3-headed toothbrushes included 15 studies describing 18 comparisons. The quality of the available evidence was low an no differences were seen with self-performed brushing but a benefit was suggested for plaque removal for care-dependent individuals.

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Sexual behaviours and oral cancer risk

The treatment effects seemed more pronounced in women, young people and first attempters of suicide.

20 studies reporting 21 data sets were included in this review of the association of sexual behaviours and oral and oropharyngeal cancers. The review suggests that some sexual behaviours increase risk but the quality of the evidence is limited and quantitative estimates of the strength of these associations are not reliable.

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Hawley appliances for orthodontic retention?

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10 trials were included in this review of the effectiveness of Hawley retainer following orthodontic treatment providing low quality evidence that performance was similar to other retainers.

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Short dental implants for the atrophic posterior mandible?

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The main aim of this systematic review is to look at implant based restorative options for restoring the atrophic posterior mandible using osseointegrated dental implants. The atrophic posterior mandible is defined here as having a residual ridge height of 8mm from the inferior dental nerve to the crest of the ridge. The two options considered [read the full story…]

Temporomandibular disorders: no role for dental occlusion in the pathophysiology

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This review of the association between temporomandibular disorders and dental occlusion included 25 observational studies. No consistent association was found.

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Periodontitis: risk increased by poor oral hygiene

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50 observational studies were included in this review of the effect of oral hygiene on periodontitis. The data suggests that poor oral hygiene increases the risk of periodontitis by around two- to five-fold compared with good OH. However the quality of the data is considered to be of low quality.

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Peri-implantitis: lack of high quality studies for surgical regenerative treatment

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This review of surgical regenerative treatment for peri-implantitis included 18 studies only 3 of which were RCTs. While a benefit is suggested the quality of the available studies is limited.

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Removable orthodontic appliances: compliance suboptimal

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24 studies were included in this review of compliance with removable orthodontic appliance treatment. Objectively measured wear was considerably lower than stipulated wear time among all appliance types in the included studies.

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