Periodontitis: Adjunctive amoxicillin and metronidazole with full-mouth scaling and root planing

This review of whether amoxicillin and metronidazole used as an adjunct to full-mouth scaling and root planing improved clinical outcomes included 11 RCTs. While the findings indicate significant improvements in clinical attachment level and pocket probing depth they may not be clinically important.

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Proximal caries diagnostic measures

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This review of diagnostic accuracy and reliability of commonly used caries detection methods for proximal caries included 36 studies the majority (31) being conducted in-vitro. A limited number of studies were available to assess most of the diagnostic tests and how the findings from in-vitro studies translates to the the clinical situation needs to be considered cautiously.

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Occlusal caries diagnostic measures

occlusal caries, molar teeth

This review of the diagnostic performance of commonly used methods for occlusal caries diagnoses included 37 studies the majority (29) being conducted in-vitro. While summary diagnostic performance datafor a muber of diagnistic methods is provided it should be treated cautiously as th data is limited in many areas.

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Which retrograde root filling material?

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This Cochrane review update of different materials used for retrograde root filling in children and adults requiring retrograde filling included 8 RCTs. However the studies are all at high risk of bias so provide insufficient evidence for the benefits of any one material.

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Autumn Break

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  The Dental Elves are taking a short break and will be back on the 18th October.            

Periodontitis: Locally delivered anti-microbials as an adjunct to surgical periodontal treatment

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This review of the effectiveness of locally delivered adjunctive antibiotic treatment during periodontal surgery on clinical outcomes included 9 RCTs. While the findings suggested that adjunctive locally delivered antibiotics could improve some clinical sutcomes they evidence was limited and of very low certainty.

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Osteoradionecrosis and tooth extraction before radiotherapy

radiotherapy

This review of the osteoradionecrosis rate in patients with head and neck cancer having toothth extraction performed before radiotherapy included 8 mainly retrospective studies. The pooled incidence rate was estimated at 2.2% (95% CI: 0.6% to 3.9%) although none of the studies controlled for other risk factors.

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Plagiarism in dentistry

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In this blog Manas Dave looks at a systematic review examining plagiarism in dentistry. Twenty nine studies produced 23 datasets for assessment with the authors concluding that some level of plagiarism was unavoidable but needs to be managed by open discussion.

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Platelet-rich fibrin and third molar post extraction problems

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This review of the effectiveness of leukocyte-and platelet-rich fibrin (L-PRF) and advanced-platelet-rich fibrin (A-PRF) in mandibular third molar extraction included 10 RCTs. While the findings suggest some benefits the studies are small and limited in number so the findings should be interpreted cautiously.

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Class II restorations in primary molars

shutterstock_72680830 - erupting incisors & caries

This review comparing compare the success rate of five tooth-coloured materials for class II restorations in primary molars included 10 RCTs. No differences in failure rates were seen for composite resin,resin-modified glass ionomer cement or compomers although all included studies were at high risk of bias.

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