Results: 60

For: oral cancer

Oral mucositis: Risk factors in paediatric oncology patients

The authors suggest a number of factors that may lead to increased prevalence, including depression, childhood trauma, low self-esteem and genetic risk.

Manas Dave takes a look at this review aiming to identify the potential risk factors associated with the development of oral mucositis in paediatric patients. While a range of risk factos are higlighted it is worth noting that 80-100% of all children having chemotherapy experience some degree of mucositis.

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Intraoral stents to reduce oral toxicity of radiotherapy

Varian TruBeam Linear Accelerator, Rathiotherapy

This review assessing the effectiveness of intraoral stents in reducing toxicities in oral cavity induced by radiotherapy in head and neck region included 7 small studies. While the analysis suggests a beneficial effect from the use of intraoral stents the included studies only provide verylow certainty evidence so further high-quality RCTs are needed.

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Oral cancer – adjunctive diagnostic tests

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

This Cochrane review update was to estimate the diagnostic accuracy of index tests for the detection of oral cancer and oral potentially malignant disorders, in people presenting with clinically evident suspicious and innocuous lesions.

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Oral proliferative verrucous leukoplakia and the rate of malignant transformation

Leukoplakia , Verrucous

This review of the evidence on the malignant transformation of oral proliferative verrucous leukoplakia included 17 mainly retrospective observational studies. The overall estimate for malignant transformation was 43.87% (95% CI; 31.93 to 56.13) but only 4 studies were at low risk of bias.

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Head and neck soft tissue sarcomas

Sarcoma. fibrosarcoma

This review of the distribution of histological subtypes, treatment and overall survival (OS) rates of head and neck sacomas included 8 studies from 6 countries. Meta-analysis (5 studies) found the 5-year OS = 74%(95%CI; 63 to 84%)

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Malignant oral lesions in children and adolescents

Burkitt lymphoma, touch prep, Wright stain

This review of the the prevalence, types and distribution of malignant oral lesions in children and adolescents included 43 retrospective studies reporting on 64,522 biopsies. The findings indicate an overall prevlence of 1.93% (95%CI; 1.21 to 2.80.

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MicroRNAs for diagnosis of squamous cell carcinoma

Examples_of_microRNA_stem-loops

Manas Dave looks at a review of the diagnostic accuracy of blood and salivary microRNAs (miRNAs) in discriminating oral squamous cell carcinoma. The review included 20 cross-sectional studies and suggested moderate diagnostic accuracy and higlights a potential are for larger scale studies.

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Osteoradionecrosis incidence and the timing of dental extractions

shutterstock_54791728 - Cancer word cloud

This review of whether the incidence of osteoradionecrosis differed between patients who have dental extractions before or after radiotherapy (RT) included 24 studies (19 retrospective 5 prospective). While the findings suggest that the incidence is similar if extractions are undertaken before or after RT the quality of the evidence is limited.

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Betel quid and areca nut chewing and oral cancer prognosis

shutterstock_32414035 - Betel leaf

This review of the links between the habit of betel quid and areca nut (BQ-AN) chewing and the prognosis of oral cancer included 11 observational studies. The findings suggest that lower 5-year survival is seen in those with a BQ-AN chewing habit.

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Salivary biomarkers CYFRA 21-1 and MMP-9 for oral squamous cell carcinoma diagnosis?

shutterstock_120437533

In his first blog for the Dental Elf Rajpal Tattar take a look at a review of the diagnostic accuracy of salivary biomarkers for the detection of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). The review considers two biomarkers, cytokeratin 19 fragment (CYFRA 21-1) and for matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) but there is no conclusive evidence for either at present.

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