Results: 68

For: oral cancer

Salivary lactate dehydrogenase in oral and potential malignant disorders

Study findings suggest a number of uses for visual aid support of Thickness Indicator Model tubes

In her first Dental Elf blog Iris Vaid looks at a review of salivary lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) as a potential diagnostic marker for oral cancer and oral potentially malignant disorders.

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Tooth extraction prior to head and neck radiotherapy and osteoradionecrosis risk

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28 mainly retrospective studies were included in this review which aimed to determine if tooth extraction prior to head and neck radiotherapy (RT )is associated with a reduced risk of developing osteoradionectosis (ORN). The findings showed a significant association of post-RT dental extractions with the risk of ORN development, odds ratio = 1.98 (95%CI: 1.17 to 3.35. However the certainty of the evidence was low to moderate.

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Oral examination for detecting oral cancer

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This review of the diagnostic accuracy of visual inspection compared with biopsy (gold standard) for the diagnosis or oral cancer and oral potentially malignant dissorders included 18 studies. For malignant lesions the pooled sensitivity was 88% (95%CI; 73% to 95%) and specificity 81%(95%CI; 51% to 95%).

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Metastatic lesions in the oral and maxillofacial region

Patients with cancer and comorbid depression have worse anxiety, pain, fatigue, and functioning than do other patients with cancer.

This review of metastatic neoplasms in the oral cavity included 217 observational studies from 33 countries. The 348 cases identified arose from 29 primary sites the most common being lung (21%) and breast (12%).

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Chemotherapy for oral cavity and oropharyngeal cancer

Chemotherapy

This review of whether chemotherapy, in addition to radiotherapy and/or surgery for oral cavity and oropharyngeal cancer, results in improved overall survival included 100 studies. the findings indicated some benefit only when used in a few specific circumstances.

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Osteoradionecrosis and tooth extraction before radiotherapy

radiotherapy

This review of the osteoradionecrosis rate in patients with head and neck cancer having toothth extraction performed before radiotherapy included 8 mainly retrospective studies. The pooled incidence rate was estimated at 2.2% (95% CI: 0.6% to 3.9%) although none of the studies controlled for other risk factors.

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Prevention toolkit from Public Health England

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An updated version of ‘Delivering Better Oral Health, ’ the oral health prevention toolkit published iby Public Health England to provide practical evidence-based guidance for promoting oral health and preventing oral disease is now available.

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Oral mucositis: Risk factors in paediatric oncology patients

The authors suggest a number of factors that may lead to increased prevalence, including depression, childhood trauma, low self-esteem and genetic risk.

Manas Dave takes a look at this review aiming to identify the potential risk factors associated with the development of oral mucositis in paediatric patients. While a range of risk factos are higlighted it is worth noting that 80-100% of all children having chemotherapy experience some degree of mucositis.

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Intraoral stents to reduce oral toxicity of radiotherapy

Varian TruBeam Linear Accelerator, Rathiotherapy

This review assessing the effectiveness of intraoral stents in reducing toxicities in oral cavity induced by radiotherapy in head and neck region included 7 small studies. While the analysis suggests a beneficial effect from the use of intraoral stents the included studies only provide verylow certainty evidence so further high-quality RCTs are needed.

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