Results: 140

For: oral and maxillofacial surgery

Recurrent mandibular dislocation –which surgical approach?

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This review of surgical treatments for the management of recurrent mandibular dislocation included 23 case series. Only one of the case series was prospective and a majority lacked clarity on their pro / retrospective status providing only very low quality evidence.

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Chlorhexidine gel and alveolar osteitis

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This review of the effectiveness of chlorhexidine gel for the prevention of alveolar osteitis (AO) included 10 trials published since 2010. The findings suggest a 57% reduction in incidence of AO similar to other reviews of this topic.

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Third molar removal: effect on periodontal health of second mandibular molars

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Mark-Steven Howe looks in detail at a recent network meta-analysis (NMA) of periodontal outcomes following third molar surgery. However the limited number of studies available for the NMA mean the reviews findings need to be interpreted with caution.

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Sinus lift with dental implants: to graft or not to graft

Dilemma

The Scottish Dental Registrars on a recent review of dental implants combined with sinus augmentation (sinus lift): what is the merit of bone grafting?

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Extra-oral implants: barclips versus magnets

The study highlighted a lack of evidence about what CMHT services work for older people.

Mark Steven Howe considers this review of extra-oral implant retention. 12 mainly retrospective studies were included providing limited data from which to drawn conclusions regarding the best retention system.

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Chlorhexidine gels and rinses reduce dry socket after third molar extraction

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This review of the effectiveness of chlorhexidine for prevention of dry socket after third molar removal includes 18 RCTs. The finding suggest a 47% (95%CI,38-55) reduction in cases following its use.

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Anxiety and pain during dental treatment

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35 studies investigating 47 clinical groups were included in this review of the association between dental anxiety and pain during dental treatment. The findings suggest a consistent impact on pain through the entire period of dental treatment.

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Panoramic radiography for predicting inferior alveolar nerve injury after third molar surgery

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This review of panoramic radiography for IAN injury prediction after third molar surgery included 8 studies calculating key diagnostic data fro the 7 classical used signs. Values were to low to rule out post-operative damage before surgery but some siigns could rule in risk of injury.

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Parotid gland tumours and mobile phone use?

The study used data from a previous telephone survey, which focused on depression, concussion and brain injury, amongst other things

This review of parotid gland tumours and mobile phone use included 3 case-controlled studies and hints at a possible association. However the limited evidence means that the findings should be viewed very cautiously.

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Tranexamic acid for minor oral surgery in anticoagulated patients

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5 good but small RCTs were identified for this review of topical tranexamic acid (TXA) for minor oral surgery in patients on anticoagulants. The findings suggest that TXA irrigation and mouthwash may reduce the risk of bleeding.

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