Results: 240

For: oral and maxillofacial surgery

Autogenous dentine graft for implant placement

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This review comparing autogenous dentine graft (ADG) to other bone graft materials for implant placement included 9 studies five of whihc were RCTs. The findings suggest that ADG has similar outcomes to other bone graft material howevr the limited number and quality of the availabel studies means tha findings should be interpreted cautiously.

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Listening to music to reduce the pain and anxiety of third molar surgery

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This review assess of listening to music to reduce preoperative anxiety and pain during third molar extractions included 5 RCTs. The findings suggest reducction in preoperative anxiety but the quality and number of studies is limited.

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Odontogenic keratocsyst – surgical treatments

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This review of different surgical treatments for odontogenic keratocsysts (OKC) with respect to recurrence rates includes 40 observational studies. The finding suggest that enucleation plus peripheral ostectomy/curettage and 5-Fluorouracil had the lowest recurrence rate and enucleation alone the highest but the evidence is mainly of very low certainty.

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Alveolar osteitis and oral contraceptive use

Anti-epileptic drugs can influence the effectiveness of contraceptive drugs

This review assessing the risk of alveolar osteitis (AO) in in oral contraceptive users included 17 mainly observational studies. The findings showed an increased risk of developing AO in female oral contraceptive (OCP) users, RR = 1.98 (95%CI:1.42 to 2.76) compared to female non-OCP users

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Alveolar osteitis – local management interventions

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This Cochrane review update looked at local interventions used for the prevention and treatment of alveolar osteitis (dry socket) following tooth extraction. 49 RCTs were included providing moderate certainty evidence for chlorhexidine rinses and gel for probably reduction in dry sockets.

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Dental implant placement in patients on anticoagulant or antiplatelet therapy

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The use of dental implants has steadily increased and in recent years the largest increase has been noted in patients aged between 65-74 years.  This age group are also likely to be on long-term prescription of antiplatelet and oral anticoagulants as prophylaxis against thromboembolic events. Dental implant placement as a surgical procedure presents a risk [read the full story…]

Medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ): Prevention and treatment

osteonecrosis

This Cochrane review update of interventions for the prevention or treatment of medication-relatesd osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) included 13 RCTs. However the studies provided insufficient to either claim or refute a benefit of the interventions tested for prophylaxis or treatment of MRONJ.

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Tooth extraction prior to head and neck radiotherapy and osteoradionecrosis risk

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28 mainly retrospective studies were included in this review which aimed to determine if tooth extraction prior to head and neck radiotherapy (RT )is associated with a reduced risk of developing osteoradionectosis (ORN). The findings showed a significant association of post-RT dental extractions with the risk of ORN development, odds ratio = 1.98 (95%CI: 1.17 to 3.35. However the certainty of the evidence was low to moderate.

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Sagittal split osteotomy – Do third molars increase the risk of complications?

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This review investigating whether the presence of third molars during sagittal split osteotomy of the mandible increases the risk of complications included 15 studies. The findings suggests no statistically significant relationship between the presence of 3Ms and complications. However a majority of the studies were retrospective with 13 studies being considered to be at high risk of bias so the certainty of the evidence is considered to be very low.

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