Results: 156

For: oral and maxillofacial surgery

Third molars and mandibular angle fractures: Are they associated?

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This review of the link between the presence of third molars and mandibular angle fractures included 7 retrospective studies suggesting an increased risk of fracure when third molars were present RR= 1.90(95%CI; 1.47-2.46).

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Keratocysts: conservative treatment approaches?

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29 mainly retrospective studies were included in this review of conservative management approaches for odontogenic keratocysts. While the findings suggest use of decompression followed by enucleation data for recurrence were lower than those found in previous reviews of the topic. High quality prospective studies are needed.

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Bleeding after dental extraction: no evidence from randomised trials

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This update of a 2016 Cochrane Oral Health Group review of interventions for post extraction bleeding was unable to identify any published or ongoing trials assessing interventions. Well conducted and reported randomised controlled trials are needed on this question.

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Orthognathic surgery: limited evidence on antibiotic prophylaxis?

The authors sought to review available literature relating to SSRI withdrawal syndromes

2 reviews and 2 RCTs were discussed in this review of the effect of antibiotics on postoperative infections in orthognathic surgery. There is a lack ofclarity on the preferred antibiotic and the optimal duration of administration.

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Mandibular angle fractures – Do third molars have an influence?

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16 observational studies were included in this review of the association between the presence of a lower third molar and the occurrence of a mandibular angle fracture in adults. The findings suggest that the odds of fracture are 3.16 (95%CI; 2.2- 4.54) higher in the presence of third molars

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Third molar extraction – does platelet-rich fibrin improve outcomes?

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6 studies were identified for this review of platelet-rich fibrin to improve outcomes after third molar extraction. The studies were small with contradictory findings so further high quality studies are needed.

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Coronectomy – a safe option for deeply impacted mandibular third molars?

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This review of coronectomy for management of impacted mandibular third molars included 14 studies suggesting that it is safe and reliable with a low failure rate (7%).

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Titanium or resorbable plates for orthognathic surgery

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This Cochrane review compared titanium & bioresorbable fixation systems for orthognathic surgery. Only 2 RCTS were identified providing insufficient evidence to determine if titanium plates or resorbable plates are superior.

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