Results: 171

For: oral and maxillofacial surgery

Mouth and throat cancer: evidence for best surgical approaches uncertain

Bariatric surgery and marked weight loss is likely to improve knee complaints but there is a need for high quality studies

12 RCTs were included in this Cochrane review update of surgical approches for the management of oral and pharyngeal cancer. The certaintly of the evidence was very low as there were limited numbers of studies for each comparison.

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Top Dental Elf Blogs: May – Aug 2018

The elves have been mining the archive for research blogs to support CQC's recommendations on high-quality adult social care services and support.

Popular Dental Elf blogs in May-Jun 2018 include; tooth whitening; oral surgery and anticoagulants, anxiety management in children using CBT and oral lichen planus

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Articaine or Lidocaine for third molar removal?

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This review of anaesthetic efficiency of articaine for lower third molar extraction included 9 RCTs ( 493 patients -770 lower molars). The findings suggest that 4% articaine with 1:100,000 epinephrine possesses superior anaesthetic efficiency relative to lidocaine.

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Gingival recession: which surgical treatment technique?

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This Cochrane review of the efficacy of different root coverage procedures for gingival recession included 48 RCTs describing a range of procedures. Most procedures led to a reduction in gingival recession.

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Bone augmentation in atrophic mandibles; autogenous bone or biomaterial?

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This review of bone augmentation with biomaterials or autogenous bone in the posterior mandible outcomes included 4 small split-mouth studies demonstrating similar were outcomes with both materials.

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Third molars: Regenerative techniques for preventing periodontal defects

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This review of the effectiveness of regenerative periodontal treatment for preventing periodontal defects following third molar surgery included 21 RCTs and suggested that these approaches were effective. However a majority of the included studies were at high risk of bias so the findings should be interpreted cautiously.

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Autotransplantation of teeth with incomplete root formation have good success rates

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This review of success and survival rates and complications of autotransplantation of teeth with incomplete root formation included 32 observational studies only 5 of which were considered to be of high quality. Good success rates were noted but findings should be interpreted cautiously

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Third molar surgery: Steroids had a beneficial effect on pain, swelling and trismus

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This review of effectiveness of corticosteroids in the post-operative control of pain, swelling and trismus after third molar surgery included 17 RCTs suggesting that corticosteroid use had beneficial effects on pain swelling and trismus.

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Cleft lip and palate: maxillary distraction osteogenesis or orthognathic surgery for hypoplastic maxilla?

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This Cochrane review update of the effects and long-term results of maxillary distraction osteogenesis compared to orthognathic surgery for the treatment of hypoplastic maxilla in people with cleft lip and palate only includes 1 small RCT. The trial suggests that distraction osteogenesis may produce more satisfactory results however the trial is considered to be at very high risk of bias so the findings should be viewed cautiously.

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Oral anticoagulant therapy: Preventing bleeding in patients having dental extractions

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This Cochrane review of antifibrinolytic agents for preventing bleeding in people on oral anticoagulants undergoing dental extractions or minor oral surgery included 4 RCTs. Topical tranexamic acid was effective in reducing post-operative bleeding following dental procedures.

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