Results: 210

For: orthodontics

Micro-osteoperforation and the rate of orthodontic tooth movement

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This review of the effect of micro-osteoperforations (MOPs) on orthodontic tooth movement included 8 small RCTs of short duration providing low quality evidence.

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Orthodontic retainers: Effects on periodontal health

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This review of the effects of fixed orthodontic retainers on periodontal health includes 29 manily observational studies. While the findings suggest that fixed rettainers are compatibile with periodontal health the quality of the included studies is very low so the findings should be interpreted cautiously.

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Dentofacial deformity: the effect of combined orthodontic-surgical treatment on oral health–related quality of life

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This review of the impact of conventional combined orthodontic-surgical treatment (COST) and the surgery-first approach on oral health–related quality of life (OHRQoL)included 24 prospective studies showing an inital decrease tfollowed by an improvement in OHRQoL

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Orthodontics: How much force is needed to move teeth with fixed appliances?

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This review looking at the optimal force magnitude for achieving orthodontic tooth movement included 12 studies suggesting there is weak to moderate evidence showing that forces ranging between 50 cN and 100 cN are optimal for the rate of orthodontic tooth movement.

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Clear aligner orthodontic treatment

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This review assessing the predictability of clear aligners and treatment outcomes of clear aligner therapy compared with fixed appliance therapy included 7 small studies of limited quality.

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White spot lesions: Topical fluoride for prevention during fixed orthodontic treatment

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This Cochrane review update evaluates whether topical fluoride reduces the proportion of orthodontic patients with new demineralised lesions (white spot lesions). In included 10 studies finding some low certainty evidence that some topical fluorides reduced white spot lesions.

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Orthodontic retainers: Bond lower retainers to all anterior teeth or only canines?

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This review evaluating the difference in stability between lower fixed retainers bonded on all six anterior teeth and those bonded only to the canines included 5 studies. Only 2 of the studies were RCTs with finding suggesting better outcomes with bonding to all anterior teeth but the quality of the evidence is low.

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Malocclusion in Down syndrome children and adolescents

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This review of the occurence of maloclusion in children/adolescents with Down syndrome included 11 studies and suggests a higher prevalence of malocclusion.

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Enamel white spot lesions: self-application of topical fluorides for prevention and reversal

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This review of self-applied topical fluorides for the prevention reversal of enamel white spot lesions during fixed orthodontic treatment included 3 RCTs two of which were at high risk of bias.

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Oral hygiene advice: Use of mobile phone applications in children and adolescents

There's huge potential for smartphones to be used in this kind of research

This review of the effectiveness of interventions delivered by mobile phones in improving adherence to oral hygiene advice for children and adolescents included just 2 small RCTs involving a total of 130 patients. The findings suggest that mobile phones are effective in improving adherence to oral hygiene advice in orthodontic patients.

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