Results: 176

For: orthodontics

Pacifier sucking: Limited evidence of impact on orofacial structures


This review of the effects of pacifier sucking on orofacial structures identified 17 studies highlighting a lack of high quality evidence. While some effects are suggested these should be viewed cautiously given the quality of the evidence.

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Orthodontic treatment for class II division I malocclusion

iStock_000002259334XSmall braces on teeth

27 RCTs were identified for this Cochrane review update early v late orthodontic treatment for class II div 1 malocclusion. The main advantage of early treatment was a reduction of incisal trauma.

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Fixed appliance orthodontics: extraction or non-extraction and soft tissue changes


52 studies were identified for this review of the effect of extraction or non-extraction fixed orthodontic treatment of soft tissue profiles . However they were mainly poor quality retrospective studies providing very low quality evidence suggesting that tooth extractions might be associated with differences in the soft tissue profile compared to non-extraction treatment.

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Photodynamic therapy for oral lichen planus?

iStock_000001604217XSmall dental laser

This review of photodynamic therapy (PDT) for management of symptomatic of oral lichen planus included 5 small studies of limited quality that suggest PDT may be beneficial.

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Orthodontic pain: Is low level laser therapy effective?


20 RCTs were included in this review of low level laser therapy (LLLT) for orthodontic pain. While the findings suggest a benefit a majority of the studies were at high risk of bias so the findings should be interpreted cautiously.

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Orthodontic space closure – en masse or two-step retraction


8 small studies were included in this review comparing en masse retraction and two-step retraction for orthodontic space closure. While both were effective the en masse/miniscrew combination demonstrated a small statistically significant benefit in terms of incisor retraction and anchorage preservation.

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Orthodontic space closure – Springs or chains?


4 RCTs were included in this review of Nickel- titanium closing springs (NiTi-CS) and elastomeric power chains (EPC). The findings suggest there is medium quality evidence that space closure is faster with NiTi-CS.

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Powered toothbrushes for orthodontic patients


This review of powered toothbrushes for periodontal health in orthodontic patients included 9 small RCTs. A small statistically significant benefit was noted in short term use.

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