Results: 150

For: orthodontics

Self-ligating brackets: Brace yourself! It’s time for some spring cleaning!

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The Scottish Dental Registrars on a recent systematic review of the effects of self-ligating brackets and conventional brackets on the periodontal status of adolescents undergoing orthodontic treatment.

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Class III malocclusion: early treatment with facemask beneficial

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This review of the early treatment of class III malocclusion identified 15 studies (9 RCTs, 6 CCTs) providing moderate quality evidence that early treatment with a facemask results in positive improvement for both skeletal and dental effects in the short term.

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Orthodontic extractions and third molar angulation

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This review of the effect of orthodontic extractions on the angulation of third molars included only 14 retrospective studies. This provides very low quality evidence of any effect

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Pain during orthodontic treatment: non-pharmacological interventions

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14 trials were included in this Cochrane review of non-pharmacological interventions for orthodontic pain. The findings were inconclusive although there is some evidence that low-level laser therapy may help.

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External root resorption diagnosis: cone-beam computed tomography or periapical radiographs?

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15 in-vitro studies were included in this review of CBCT & periapical radiographs for the diagnosis of external root resorption. It suggests that CBCT performs better however further research is needed the clinical an cost -effectiveness of its use.

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White spot lesions: available treatments may provide improvements

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This review of treatments for post orthodontic white spot lesions included 20 studies examining a wide variety of approaches. Modest benefits were seen in addition to daily use of fluoride toothpaste and furhter high quality studies are needed to identify the best approaches.

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Intrusive luxation in permanent teeth

PDS scores at follow up showed gains were maintained

This review of treatments for teeth with intrusive luxation included 8 studies. The studies were all considered to be at high risk of bias and suggested that spontaneous re-eruption should be the treatment of choice. However the small number of studies and limited quality means these findings should be interpreted with caution.

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Orthodontic retainers: impact on periodontal health

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While 24 studies were included in this review of the impact of orthodontic retainers on periodontal health there was a lack of high quality evidence to support any particular retainer on this or a range of other parameters. More well-designed and long terms studies are required.

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Obstructive sleep apnoea: insufficient evidence for oral appliances in children

What other effects do nightmares and parasomnias have on sleep that could explain the association with future psychotic symptoms?

This Cochrane review to assess the effects of oral appliances or functional orthopaedic appliances for obstructive sleep apnoea in children only identified a single small trial which provided insufficient evidence to assess effectiveness.

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Do analgesics before dental treatment reduce post treatment pain in children?

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This Cochrane review found 5 RCTs of pre-op analgesics prior to dental treatment for children under local anaesthetic. The evidence as insufficient to determine a benefit but there may be a benefit prior to orthodontic band placement. Further high quality studies are needed.

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