Results: 167

For: orthodontics

Powered toothbrushes for orthodontic patients

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This review of powered toothbrushes for periodontal health in orthodontic patients included 9 small RCTs. A small statistically significant benefit was noted in short term use.

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Orthodontic treatment- can a vibrational stimulus shorten treatment times?

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8 studies were included in this review of vibrational stimulus to accelerate orthodontic treatment. The studies were small and of short duration providing very low quality evidence to support any effect. Further high quality studies of longer duration are needed.

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Pain during orthodontic treatment –pharmacological treatments

iStock_000002551343XSmall colourful braces on teeth

This Cochrane review of drug interventions for pain during orthodontic treatment including 32 RCTs find that analgesics were effective in reducing pain. However, low quality evidence did not show a difference in effectiveness between systemic NSAIDs compared with paracetamol, or topical NSAIDs compared with local anaesthetic.

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Orthodontic bracket slot size: does it influence treatment outcomes?

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Only 4 mainly retrospective studies were identified for this review of the influence of orthodontic bracket size on treatment outcomes. While greater efficiency was suggested with the 0.018-inch bracket the quality of the evidence is limited a higher quality studies are needed.

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Lingual orthodontic appliances: are treatment effects different from buccal appliances?

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This review comparing the treatment effects of lingual and buccal orthodontic appliances only identified 4 small low quality studies. No differences were found however the findings should be interpreted cautiously.

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Titanium or resorbable plates for orthognathic surgery

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This Cochrane review compared titanium & bioresorbable fixation systems for orthognathic surgery. Only 2 RCTS were identified providing insufficient evidence to determine if titanium plates or resorbable plates are superior.

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Orthodontic treatment for Class II division 2 malocclusion: No randomised trial evidence

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This Cochrane review of orthodontic treatment for class II div 2 malocclusion updates the previous 2006 version. No RCTs or CCTs were identified so It is not possible to provide any evidence-based guidance to recommend or discourage any type of orthodontic treatment to correct Class II division 2 malocclusion in children.

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Orthodontic treatment duration: no shorter with customised orthodontic system

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This well conducted and reported trial compared customised orthodontic system against traditional methods. The customised system was not associated with any significant reduction in treatment duration, and the treatment outcomes were comparable with both systems.

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Malocclusion: Is it associated with duration of breastfeeding?

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31 observational studies were included in this review of breastfeeding and malocclusion . This findings suggests that it may be protective against posterior crossbite and class II malocclusion. However as teh studies are largely retrospective the findings should be interpreted with caution.

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Impacted canines: localisation with conventional or cone beam radiographs?

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This review comparing cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) and conventional radiography (CR) for localising impacted canines included 8 mainly cross-sectional studies and suggests that CBCT is more accurate. However the quality of the studies is low and further research is needed.

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