Results: 203

For: orthodontics

Malocclusion in Down syndrome children and adolescents

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This review of the occurence of maloclusion in children/adolescents with Down syndrome included 11 studies and suggests a higher prevalence of malocclusion.

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Enamel white spot lesions: self-application of topical fluorides for prevention and reversal

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This review of self-applied topical fluorides for the prevention reversal of enamel white spot lesions during fixed orthodontic treatment included 3 RCTs two of which were at high risk of bias.

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Oral hygiene advice: Use of mobile phone applications in children and adolescents

There's huge potential for smartphones to be used in this kind of research

This review of the effectiveness of interventions delivered by mobile phones in improving adherence to oral hygiene advice for children and adolescents included just 2 small RCTs involving a total of 130 patients. The findings suggest that mobile phones are effective in improving adherence to oral hygiene advice in orthodontic patients.

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Root resorption in patients having clear aligner orthodontic treatment

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This reviews of external root resorption (ERR) in patients receiving clear aligners treatment (CAT) with those being treated with fixed appliances included 11 observational studies. While the findings suggest ERR may be lower in patients treated with CAT the quality of the evidence is limited.

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Micro-osteoperforation: Does it speed up tooth movement?

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This review of the effects of micro-osteoperforation on the rate of tooth movement in patients undergoing orthodontic treatment included 6 RCTs. Although meta-analysis found a small statistical benefit in favour of micro-osteoperforation in the short term the clinical benefits particularly over the duration of a course of treatment remain unclear.

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Orthodontic bonding: Direct or indirect?

iStock_000002259334XSmall braces on teeth

This review of direct and indirect bonding techniques for orthodontic backet placement included 8 small RCTs of limited quality suggesting no significant difference in bracket placement accuracy, oral hygiene status and bond failure rate.

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White spot lesion prevention during orthodontic treatment

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This review of the efficacy of preventive interventions against the development of white spot lesions (WSLs) during fixed appliance orthodontic treatment included 23 RCTs tha majority of which were at high risk of bias. The findings suggest some benefit from sealants and fluoride varnishes but more high quality research is neeeded.

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Maxillary expansion: Bone-borne or tooth-borne approaches?

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This review of bone-borne/hybrid tooth-bone-borne rapid maxillary expansion (RME) with conventional tooth-borne RME in the treatment of maxillary deficiency included 6 small RCTs suggesting some advantage for bone-borne/hybrid tooth-bone-borne appliances.

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Orthodontic anchorage: mini-screws or conventional appliances?

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This review of mini-screws for orthodontic anchorage included 7 small RCTs of variable quality with the findings suggesting that mini-screws are more effective than conventional approaches

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Orthodontic treatment: Do vibrating devices accelerate tooth movement?

iStock_000002551343XSmall colourful braces on teeth

This review of the efficiency of the vibrating devices in accelerating orthodontic tooth movement identified 6 RCTs the majority being short term and at high risk of bias. The RCTs suggested no difference with the use of vibrational devices.

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