Results: 207

For: orthodontics

Orthodontics: How much force is needed to move teeth with fixed appliances?

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This review looking at the optimal force magnitude for achieving orthodontic tooth movement included 12 studies suggesting there is weak to moderate evidence showing that forces ranging between 50 cN and 100 cN are optimal for the rate of orthodontic tooth movement.

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Clear aligner orthodontic treatment

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This review assessing the predictability of clear aligners and treatment outcomes of clear aligner therapy compared with fixed appliance therapy included 7 small studies of limited quality.

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White spot lesions: Topical fluoride for prevention during fixed orthodontic treatment

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This Cochrane review update evaluates whether topical fluoride reduces the proportion of orthodontic patients with new demineralised lesions (white spot lesions). In included 10 studies finding some low certainty evidence that some topical fluorides reduced white spot lesions.

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Orthodontic retainers: Bond lower retainers to all anterior teeth or only canines?

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This review evaluating the difference in stability between lower fixed retainers bonded on all six anterior teeth and those bonded only to the canines included 5 studies. Only 2 of the studies were RCTs with finding suggesting better outcomes with bonding to all anterior teeth but the quality of the evidence is low.

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Malocclusion in Down syndrome children and adolescents

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This review of the occurence of maloclusion in children/adolescents with Down syndrome included 11 studies and suggests a higher prevalence of malocclusion.

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Enamel white spot lesions: self-application of topical fluorides for prevention and reversal

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This review of self-applied topical fluorides for the prevention reversal of enamel white spot lesions during fixed orthodontic treatment included 3 RCTs two of which were at high risk of bias.

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Oral hygiene advice: Use of mobile phone applications in children and adolescents

There's huge potential for smartphones to be used in this kind of research

This review of the effectiveness of interventions delivered by mobile phones in improving adherence to oral hygiene advice for children and adolescents included just 2 small RCTs involving a total of 130 patients. The findings suggest that mobile phones are effective in improving adherence to oral hygiene advice in orthodontic patients.

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Root resorption in patients having clear aligner orthodontic treatment

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This reviews of external root resorption (ERR) in patients receiving clear aligners treatment (CAT) with those being treated with fixed appliances included 11 observational studies. While the findings suggest ERR may be lower in patients treated with CAT the quality of the evidence is limited.

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Micro-osteoperforation: Does it speed up tooth movement?

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This review of the effects of micro-osteoperforation on the rate of tooth movement in patients undergoing orthodontic treatment included 6 RCTs. Although meta-analysis found a small statistical benefit in favour of micro-osteoperforation in the short term the clinical benefits particularly over the duration of a course of treatment remain unclear.

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Orthodontic bonding: Direct or indirect?

iStock_000002259334XSmall braces on teeth

This review of direct and indirect bonding techniques for orthodontic backet placement included 8 small RCTs of limited quality suggesting no significant difference in bracket placement accuracy, oral hygiene status and bond failure rate.

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