Results: 324

For: periodontal disease

Chlorine dioxide mouthwash for halitosis

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This review investigating the efficacy of chlorine dioxide mouthwashes in patients with halitosis included 10 RCTs. The findings suggest a potential benefit in the short-term. However the included studies are hetrogeneous and all have some concerns regarding bias so additional high quality well reported studies are needed.

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Omega-3 fatty acids as an adjunct to non-surgical periodontal therapy

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This review assessing the adjunctive effect of omega-3 (ω-3) fatty acids and non-surgical periodontal therapy (SRP)on probing pocket depth (PPD) and the clinical attachment level (CAL) included 10 RCTs. The findings suggest that adjunctive ω-3 fatty acids provides a 0.39 mm improvement in PPD and 0.41 mm of CAL gain.

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Air polishing in supportive periodontal treatment

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This review comparing of air polishing devices with conventional periodontal therapy (hand instrumentation and/or ultrasonic debridement), in patients undergoing periodontal maintenance therapy included 14 RCTs. The findings suggest that they have comparable clinical efficay although the evidence is of low certainty.

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Peri-implantitis – How common is it?

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This review aiming to estimate the overall prevalence of peri-implantitis included 57 studies (18 cross-sectional,18 longitudinal, 17 cohort studies, 3 RCTs and 1 case-control). Meta-analysis found an ooverall patient level prevalence of 20% (95%CI; 16.6 to 23.7%). However most of the studies used convenience samples and there was a marked heterogeneity in the diagnostic criteria used so the findings should be viewed cautiously.

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Peri-implantitis – Surgical treatment with or without adjunctive graft material

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This review of the surgical treatment of peri-implantitis alone or in combination with adjunctive graft material included 5 small RCTs. The findings suggest improvements in marginal bone level (MBL) with graft material but the findings should be interpreted very cautiously because of the limited amount and quality of the evidence.

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Adjunctive therapies during supportive periodontal care

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This review of adjunctive therapies during supportive periodontal care (SPC) in patients with residual/relapsing pockets included 12 studies that currently provide insufficient/poor evidence to determine the efficacy of adjunctive strategies to improve SPC.

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Periodontal treatment for preventing cardiovascular disease in people with periodontitis

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This Cochrane review update on the effects of periodontal therapy for primary or secondary prevention of CVD in people with chronic periodontitis includes 2 studies which provide very low certainty evidence. No additional studies have been included since the last update in 2019.

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Periodontal disease in pregnancy – How common is it?

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This review of the prevalence of periodontal disease among pregnant women included 20 studies. The findings suggest an overal prevalence of 40% (95%CI; 15 to 100%) based on 3 studies using the same assessment criteria.

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Miswak use for periodontal health in adults

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This review of the effectiveness of the miswak in reducing plaque and gingivitis in adults included 9 RCTs. The included studies were small with the findings indicating that the miswak reduced plaque and gingivitis scores to a level comparable to toothbrush in the short term.

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Oral piercing and oral complications

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This review examining the association between oral manifestations and the use of oral piercings included 54 studies. Damage to periodontal health and tooth structure were the most commonly reported complications however the quality of the evidence is of very low certainty.

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