Results: 2162

For: Populations and settings

Malocclusion in Down syndrome children and adolescents

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This review of the occurence of maloclusion in children/adolescents with Down syndrome included 11 studies and suggests a higher prevalence of malocclusion.

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Gingival recession: Stability of root coverage procedures for single gingival recessions

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This review evaluating the long-term (≥2 years) stability of root coverage procedures for single gingival recessions included 15 RCTs. the findings suggest that coronally advanced flap (CAF) may lose stability with time while CAF + connective tissue graft may produce a more stable result. However, the quality of the evidence is low.

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New mothers and intimate partner violence: how can nurses help?

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Vishal Bhavsar reports on a new RCT which looks at adding an Intimate Partner Violence intervention to a nurse home visitation programme, and the impact it can have on maternal quality of life.

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Internalising problems in children and adolescents: little evidence for distinct disorders

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Katie Finning explores a recent network analysis of internalising disorders (e.g. depression, anxiety, phobias) in children and adolescents, which demonstrates the interconnected nature of internalising symptoms, and challenges the view that such pathology takes the form of distinct disorders.

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Dual antiplatelet therapy and post-operative bleeding following minor oral surgery

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This review of bleeding complications in patients on dual antiplatelet therapy compared to patients on single antiplatelet or no antiplatelet therapy for patients undergoing oral surgery included 16 studies but no randomised trials. Findings suggest that dual antiplatelet therapy should not be discontinued but the evidence is of low quality.

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Enamel white spot lesions: self-application of topical fluorides for prevention and reversal

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This review of self-applied topical fluorides for the prevention reversal of enamel white spot lesions during fixed orthodontic treatment included 3 RCTs two of which were at high risk of bias.

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Younger mums may be at higher risk of mental health problems #ESMI

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Jennifer Burgess summarises the results of a small cross-sectional study of young pregnant women at risk of mental disorders, which found that young women had greater odds of having a common mental disorder and CMDs were associated with living alone and abuse.

Follow #ESMI today on Twitter for all of the updates from the ESMI study day (Effectiveness of Services for Mothers with Mental Illness).

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Oral hygiene advice: Use of mobile phone applications in children and adolescents

There's huge potential for smartphones to be used in this kind of research

This review of the effectiveness of interventions delivered by mobile phones in improving adherence to oral hygiene advice for children and adolescents included just 2 small RCTs involving a total of 130 patients. The findings suggest that mobile phones are effective in improving adherence to oral hygiene advice in orthodontic patients.

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Platelet-rich fibrin and third molar surgery outcomes

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This review of the effectiveness of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) in reducing postoperative complications of third molar surgery included 10 small RCTs suggesting that PRF may reduce but not prevent some complications.

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Teens, screens and a hill of beans?

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Lucinda Powell looks at a recent study which finds little clear-cut evidence that screen time decreases adolescent well-being.

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