Results: 1884

For: Populations and settings

Pacifier sucking: Limited evidence of impact on orofacial structures


This review of the effects of pacifier sucking on orofacial structures identified 17 studies highlighting a lack of high quality evidence. While some effects are suggested these should be viewed cautiously given the quality of the evidence.

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Orthodontic treatment for class II division I malocclusion

iStock_000002259334XSmall braces on teeth

27 RCTs were identified for this Cochrane review update early v late orthodontic treatment for class II div 1 malocclusion. The main advantage of early treatment was a reduction of incisal trauma.

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Candida albicans: higher prevalence in children with early childhood caries


This review of a possible association between oral Candida albicans and early childhood caries (ECC) included 15 cross-sectional studies.The prevalence of C. albicans in children with ECC was found to be significantly higher than in caries-free children.

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Person-centred care for dementia: impact on quality of life, agitation and antipsychotic use


Hilary Shepherd reports on a recent paper from the WHELD trial on the impact of person-centred care training and person-centred activities on quality of life, agitation, and antipsychotic use in people with dementia living in nursing homes.

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Keratocysts: conservative treatment approaches?


29 mainly retrospective studies were included in this review of conservative management approaches for odontogenic keratocysts. While the findings suggest use of decompression followed by enucleation data for recurrence were lower than those found in previous reviews of the topic. High quality prospective studies are needed.

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Fixed appliance orthodontics: extraction or non-extraction and soft tissue changes


52 studies were identified for this review of the effect of extraction or non-extraction fixed orthodontic treatment of soft tissue profiles . However they were mainly poor quality retrospective studies providing very low quality evidence suggesting that tooth extractions might be associated with differences in the soft tissue profile compared to non-extraction treatment.

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Community treatment orders and social outcomes in psychosis


Ian Cummins considers the findings of a recent 48-month follow-up study of social outcomes for patients with psychosis, which concludes that community treatment orders did not offer any long term benefits.

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What relationship do stressful life events, neglect and abuse have with functional neurological disorder (conversion disorder)?


Mark Edwards considers the findings of a new meta-analysis of case-control studies, which looks at the relationship between stressful life events, neglect and abuse with functional neurological disorder.

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Slow-release fluoride devices for caries prevention: insufficient evidence


This review of slow-release fluoride devices for caries prevention updates an earlier Cochrane review of the topic. However no new trials have been identified providing insufficient evidence to assess their effectiveness.

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Autotransplantation of teeth to the anterior maxilla?

shutterstock_44225872 Accurate typodont teeth

This review of the success rates for autotransplantation of teeth into the anterior maxilla includes 17 studies. While the findings suggest high survival rates there is a lack of agreement of success criteria and the quality of the evidence is low.

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