Results: 2042

For: Populations and settings

Caries risk assessment tools for young children

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10 studies reporting on 8 caries risk assessment tools (CRATs) were identified in for this review of evidence to inform the selection of CRATs. The current evidence is limited.

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Compulsory Community Treatment does not reduce readmissions or length of stay in hospital

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John Baker explores a systematic review of compulsory community treatment to reduce readmission to hospital and increase engagement with community care in people with mental illness.

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Direct funding and older people: why are we still talking about choice?

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Francesca Pozzoli considers a qualitative metasynthesis of directly funded home-care programmes for older people and the concept of ‘choice’.

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Orthodontic bracket systems: Is adhesive precoating better than operator coated?

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This review assessing whether adhesive precoated orthodontic brackets are more efficient than operator-coated brackets included 5 RCTs find no differences in failure rate between the two systems.

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Reminiscence therapy for people living with dementia: Cochrane review is inconclusive

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Liz Collier and Solomon Towuru summarise the recently updated Cochrane systematic review on reminiscence therapy for dementia, which includes evidence showing that reminiscence therapy may improve quality of life, cognition, communication and possibly mood in people with dementia in some circumstances, although all the benefits were small.

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Shortened dental arch: impact of treatment on oral health related quality of life

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This study provideds the 10-years outcome of the effect of molar replacement by partial removable dental prostheses (PRDP) or with restored shortened dental arches (SDA) on oral health-related quality of life.

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Mouth and throat cancer: evidence for best surgical approaches uncertain

Bariatric surgery and marked weight loss is likely to improve knee complaints but there is a need for high quality studies

12 RCTs were included in this Cochrane review update of surgical approches for the management of oral and pharyngeal cancer. The certaintly of the evidence was very low as there were limited numbers of studies for each comparison.

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Routine scale and polish for periodontal health

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Two UK primary care-based trials were included in this Cochrane review update of routine scale and polish. They provide high certainty evidence of litte or no difference between 6- & 12-monthly scale and polish for adult regular attenders without severe periodontitis.

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Medication for ADHD: what works for adults, adolescents and children

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Dean Connolly is impressed by a recent systematic review and network meta-analysis, which compares the efficacy and tolerability of medication for ADHD in children, young people and adults.

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Sedation for children undergoing dental treatment

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This Cochrane review update of the efficacy and relative efficacy of conscious sedation agents and dosages for behaviour management in paediatric dentistry includes 50RCTs providing some moderate-certainty evidence that oral midazolam is an effective sedative agent for children undergoing dental treatment.

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