suicide

Suicide is the act of intentionally ending your life.

There are three levels of intervention in suicide; 1) universal 2) selective and 3) indicated.

Universal interventions target everyone in a defined population. They aim to increase awareness about suicide, remove barriers to care, promote help-seeking and encourage protective factors. Some examples of universal interventions include school-based interventions and national initiatives such as restricted access to lethal means. Evidence suggests that universal interventions are effective at increasing awareness and helping skills, though there is little evidence to suggest they’re effective at reducing suicide-related thoughts or behaviours.

Selective interventions address specific groups at increased risk for suicidal behaviours, for instance those with mental health problems or harmful use of substances. To date, there have been few studies into selective interventions and results are mixed.

Indicated interventions target high-risk individuals already displaying signs of suicidal behaviour. Examples include brief contact interventions (e.g. crisis cards) and talking therapies. Evidence suggests that brief contact interventions are effective for young people in clinical settings. A network meta-analysis conducted in 2021 found that the most effective talking therapies for suicide and self-harm in young people are dialectical behavioural therapies and mentalisation-based therapies.

 

Our suicide Blogs

Low intensity treatments for self-harm or suicidal behaviour: what’s the harm in trying?

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Millie Witcher and Sarah Rowe appraise a randomised controlled trial on the effect of low-intensity treatments for self-harm among people with suicidal ideation, which has some important findings.

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Preventing suicide is everybody’s business: a global perspective #LancetSuicideSeminar

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Ravivarma Rao Panirselvam summarises the recently published Lancet Seminar on Suicide and Self-Harm, and highlights the free webinar due too take place on Monday 4th July 2022.

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Minority stress and suicide in transgender and gender non-conforming individuals

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Marissa Kube-Clare explores a recent systematic review focusing on the link between minority stress and suicidal Ideation and behaviour amongst transgender and gender non-conforming people.

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Suicide rates in ethnic minorities and indigenous people

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In her debut blog, Lucy Barrass examines a systematic review which finds high variation in risk and rate of suicide in indigenous and ethnic minority populations.

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Does the relationship between loneliness and suicidal ideation vary between men and women of different ages?

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In her debut blog, Sharon Eager considers a study exploring gender-specific associations of loneliness and suicidal ideation in a representative population sample suggesting that young, lonely men are particularly at risk.

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Parental death by suicide is associated with an increased risk of suicidal behaviour in offspring

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Aggelos Stamos looks at a recent systematic review and meta-analysis on offspring’s risk for suicidal behaviour in relation to parental death by suicide.

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Cyber-victimisation may be associated with self-injurious thoughts and behaviours

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Holly Crudgington looks at a systematic review exploring the links between social media, cyberbullying, suicide and self-harm, which identifies a link between being victimised online and suicidal behaviour, thoughts and self-harm.

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Borderline personality disorder criteria and suicidality

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Steven Macdonald-Hart summarises a 10-year follow-up study from the US, which measures the relationship between borderline personality disorder and suicide attempts.

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Can hip-hop music help to prevent suicide?

The findings open new pathways for research to deepen our understanding of promoting positive mental health through music and mitigating the risks of sharing lived experiences in the lyrics.

Olufemi Talabi reviews a recent study exploring the association between Logic’s hip-hop song “1-800-273-8255” with Lifeline calls and suicides in the United States.

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Suicide in women: laws that discriminate against women may explain higher rates in low and middle income countries

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Grace Crowley summarises a study which suggests that policy makers working to reduce women’s suicide in low- and middle-income countries should target laws discriminating against women.

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