Cleft lip and palate: maxillary distraction osteogenesis or orthognathic surgery for hypoplastic maxilla?

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This Cochrane review update of the effects and long-term results of maxillary distraction osteogenesis compared to orthognathic surgery for the treatment of hypoplastic maxilla in people with cleft lip and palate only includes 1 small RCT. The trial suggests that distraction osteogenesis may produce more satisfactory results however the trial is considered to be at very high risk of bias so the findings should be viewed cautiously.

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Loneliness in psychosis and related psychological and social factors

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Jingyi Wang publishes her debut blog on a recent systematic review of loneliness in psychosis, which shows that the relationship between loneliness and psychosis remains poorly understood due to a lack of high quality studies.

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Brutalised child soldiers and traumatic distress

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Our blog today explores a new study in the British Journal of Psychiatry of post-traumatic stress disorder among former Yazidi child soldiers in northern Iraq.

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Pets are mostly good for our mental health

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Kirsten Lawson considers the findings of a recent narrative review and synthesis, which looks at the power of support from pets and companion animals for people living with mental health problems.

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Self-stigma interventions for people with schizophrenia

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Laura Hemming explores a recent narrative review and meta-analysis of psychosocial interventions for self-stigma in people with a schizophrenia-spectrum diagnosis.

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Impact of functional alterations on quality of life in Alzheimer disease

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Clarissa Giebel analyses a qualitative study of how functional alterations impact quality of life in Alzheimer disease.

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Will it hurt? Chronic pain and psychological functioning

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Kirsten Lawson examines a recent meta-analysis of psychological functioning in people living with chronic pain. She discovers that anxiety is more common than depression in people with chronic pain and that practitioners should prioritise psychological functioning when caring for patients suffering from chronic pain.

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Lifetime prevalence of anxiety disorders in people with bipolar disorder

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Alan Underwood appraises a recent meta-analysis that finds anxiety disorders are three times more common in people with a diagnosis of bipolar disorder.

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Art therapy for common mental health disorders

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Chris Sampson reports on a new HTA systematic review and economic evaluation of art therapy for non-psychotic mental health disorders like depression, anxiety and phobias.

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Orthodontic treatment: does it impact on quality of life?

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A 3-year school-based cohort study found that oral health related quality of life improved in young people over time whether or not they had undergone orthodontic treatment.

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