Caries prevalence and experience in older adults

The authors managed to develop and implement a strategy to reach older adults in rural areas, despite various barriers to access mental health treatment for this population.

This review of the caries prevalence and experience of older adults globally included 39 studies published between 2016 and 2020. The prevalence of caries in older adults was still high in most countries around the globe with a median of mean prevalence for caries of 49%.

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Age at onset of mental disorders: global meta-analysis provides data for targeting effective interventions

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Dona Matthews summarises a comprehensive global meta-analysis that presents our best current knowledge on the age of onset of various mental disorders. This review has major implications for our mental health promotion and prevention efforts.

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How common is mental illness in children aged 1-7 years old?

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Jennifer Lau and Meenakshi Shukla explore a recent meta-analysis which finds that worldwide, 1 in 5 children aged 1-7 years old will experience a mental health condition.

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Violence and mental illness: does ignoring this blog stigmatise some people who need our help?

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In his debut blog, Joseph Schwartz explores a systematic review finding that a range of psychiatric disorders are associated with an elevated risk of violence.

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How much mental health presents in emergency departments? We don’t really know

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Kirsten Lawson is frustrated by the uncertainty highlighted in a recent systematic review of the epidemiology of mental health attendances at emergency departments.

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Epidemiological tools help commissioners allocate resources more effectively, suggests research

Blurry black and white picture of three heads screaming

Caroline De Brun highlights the Psymaptic epidemiological prediction tool, which helps commissioners make evidence-based decisions about mental health service provision, specifically early intervention in psychosis.

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Lifetime risk of treated mental disorders

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This new study concludes that approximately one-third of the Danish population will receive treatment in secondary care for a mental disorder across their lifetime. Should we be talking about 1 in 3, rather than 1 in 4?

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The prevalence of peg-shaped lateral incisors is higher among Mongoloid people

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The peg-shaped lateral incisor is one that has an incisal mesiodistal width of the tooth crown shorter than the cervical width. This can lead to aesthetic, orthodontic and periodontal problems for the patient.  The aim of this review was to assess the prevalence in relation to race, sex, population type and continent of origin. The [read the full story…]

Factors stopping the nation from getting back on its feet: a survey of the non-fatal burden of disease due to mental disorder

Helping sister back to her feet

In times of economic adversity, the health and well-being of a nation needs consideration in order to maximise the workforce and productivity. The number of people and the amount of time spent in an adverse health-state is a prominent driver of population ill health.  Most mental illnesses begin early and persist over a lifetime. Approximately [read the full story…]

Is Work Load a Risk Factor for Osteoarthritis of the Hip? A Systematic Review

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A previous blog by one of our industrious Musculoskeletal Elves looked at how osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip or knee affected work participation. This got me thinking about the converse situation – can work be a predisposing factor for the development of OA? We Elves are involved in quite a lot of heavy lifting, particularly around Christmas [read the full story…]