ADHD is a substantial risk factor for poor academic performance, according to a new study from Norway #CAMHScampfire

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Douglas Badenoch summarises a recent population-based study of ADHD deficit in school performance across sex and parental education, which has some interesting findings for parents, teachers and health professionals.

Join us around the #CAMHScampfire on Tuesday 27th September to discuss this paper.

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Critiquing the evidence behind the “evidence-based conclusions” about ADHD

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Shuichi Suetani and Gaj Panagoda explore the World Federation of ADHD International Consensus Statement published in 2021, which contains “208 evidence-based conclusions about attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.

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How common is root canal treatment?

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This review of prevalence of root filled teeth in the adult population worldwide included 76 observational studies. The findings suggest that 8.2% (95%CI; 7.3% to 9.1%) of teeth has been root filled and that 55.7% (95%CI; 49.6% to 61.8%) of people had at least one tooth root filled.

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Study of England and Northern Ireland finds 8-fold increase in autism diagnosis over the last 20 years

Time to plan and take action business concept as a group of clocks shaped as a human head with a winding key with 3D render elements.

Shania Lorenz summarises a recent UK population-based cohort study which used National Health Service data to find a 787% increase in autism diagnoses over the past 20 years.

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Prevalence of different orthodontic malocclusions

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This review the prevalence of malocclusions and different orthodontic features in children and adolescents included 123 studies. However the broad range of approaches used in the studies to determine malocclusion and orthodontic features means that the findings need to be interpreted cautiously.

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The global burden of disease from mental disorders remains high

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Alejandro Arguelles Bullon summarises the latest Global Burden of Disease study (2019) looking at the prevalence, incidence and impact that mental disorders have on our lives, which shows no reduction in the burden over the last 30 years.

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Chewing difficulty in older adults living in long-term care

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Carly Ross considers a review of the prevalence of chewing difficulty in older people in institutional long-term care. Only 10 cross-sectional studies were included in the review providing an estimated prevalence of chewing difficulties of 23% (95%CI; 1 to 53%) based on low certainty evidence.

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Dental neglect in children and adolescents -prevalence and risk factors

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This review of the prevalence of dental neglect and risk factors in children and adolescents included 10 observational studies. A high prevalence of dental neglect (range 10% to 83%) and caries ( range 38.9% to 99% )was identified.

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Hypomineralised second primary molars

HSPM  Molar-Incisor hypomineralisation

This review of the the worldwide prevalence of hypomineralised second primary molars (HPSM) includes 37 studies conducted between 1979 and 2020. The findings indicate a HSPM prevalence worldwide of 6.8% (4.98% to 8.86%).

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Caries prevalence and experience in older adults

The authors managed to develop and implement a strategy to reach older adults in rural areas, despite various barriers to access mental health treatment for this population.

This review of the caries prevalence and experience of older adults globally included 39 studies published between 2016 and 2020. The prevalence of caries in older adults was still high in most countries around the globe with a median of mean prevalence for caries of 49%.

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