The rapid increase in global mental illness: fake news?

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A group of UCL Mental Health Masters students summarise a systematic review and meta-analysis examining if the global prevalence rate of adult mental illness is increasing.

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Non-carious cervical lesions: How common are they in adults?

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This review of the worldwide prevalence of non-carious cervical lesions (NCCLs) in adults included 26 cross-sectional studies providing a weighted prevalence estimate estimate of 46.7 %(95%CI; 38.2 to 55.3 %).

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Caries prevalence in preterm and low birth weight children

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This review of the prevalence of dental caries in preschool children born preterm and/or with a low birth weight included 59 observational studies suggesting caries prevelence was similar to full term children of normal weight. However, the certainty of teh evidence was very low.

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Suicide and mental illness in low- and middle-income countries

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Tessa Roberts summarises a recent a systematic review and meta-analysis, which looks into the prevalence of mental illness and suicidal behaviour in low- and middle-income countries.

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Prevalence of comorbid personality disorder and alcohol use disorder

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People diagnosed with “personality disorders” are likely to also experience alcohol problems.

Dean Connolly summarises a recent systematic review that confirms the very high prevalence of comorbid personality disorders and alcohol use disorders.

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Peri-implantitis: Is periodontal disease a risk factor?

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This review to assess whether dental implants placed in patients with periodontitis have a higher risk of peri-implantitis included 19 mainly cross-sectional studies providing very low quality evidence to suggest a link.

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Temporomandibular joints: Prevalence of degenerative joint disease

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This review the prevalence of degenerative joint disease (DJD) of the temporomandibular joints included 32 studies only 6 being considered at low risk of bias. While a high prevalence of DJD was seen in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis and rheumatoid arthritis the findings should be viewed cautiously.

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Tinnitus: Prevalence in patients with temporomandibular disorders

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This review of the prevalence of tinnitus in patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) included 25 studies finding a higher prevalence of tinnitus in patients with TMDs . Patients with TMD had a median prevalence of 42% compared with 12% in control groups.

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Panic disorder in people with bipolar disorder: very common, but treatment options limited

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Tobias Rowland writes his debut elf blog on a recent systematic review and meta-analysis, which finds that panic disorder is highly prevalent in people with bipolar disorder, but there are very limited treatment options.

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