Prevalence of comorbid personality disorder and alcohol use disorder

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People diagnosed with “personality disorders” are likely to also experience alcohol problems.

Dean Connolly summarises a recent systematic review that confirms the very high prevalence of comorbid personality disorders and alcohol use disorders.

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Peri-implantitis: Is periodontal disease a risk factor?

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This review to assess whether dental implants placed in patients with periodontitis have a higher risk of peri-implantitis included 19 mainly cross-sectional studies providing very low quality evidence to suggest a link.

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Temporomandibular joints: Prevalence of degenerative joint disease

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This review the prevalence of degenerative joint disease (DJD) of the temporomandibular joints included 32 studies only 6 being considered at low risk of bias. While a high prevalence of DJD was seen in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis and rheumatoid arthritis the findings should be viewed cautiously.

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Tinnitus: Prevalence in patients with temporomandibular disorders

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This review of the prevalence of tinnitus in patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) included 25 studies finding a higher prevalence of tinnitus in patients with TMDs . Patients with TMD had a median prevalence of 42% compared with 12% in control groups.

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Panic disorder in people with bipolar disorder: very common, but treatment options limited

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Tobias Rowland writes his debut elf blog on a recent systematic review and meta-analysis, which finds that panic disorder is highly prevalent in people with bipolar disorder, but there are very limited treatment options.

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Traumatic dental injuries affect around 1 billion people

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This review of traumatic dental injuries (TDIs) included 152 observational studies providing an estimate of global prevalence of TDIs in permanent teeth of 15.2% (95%CI, 13.0%-17.4%)

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Candida albicans: higher prevalence in children with early childhood caries

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This review of a possible association between oral Candida albicans and early childhood caries (ECC) included 15 cross-sectional studies.The prevalence of C. albicans in children with ECC was found to be significantly higher than in caries-free children.

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Hepatitis C and oral lichen planus

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This review of the association between hepatitis C virus (HCV) and oral lichen planus (OLP) identified 19 case-controlled studies. While a 6-fold increase in risk of HCV infection was noted in OLP patients a majority of the studies took place in areas with high endemic HCV rates and there is some concern regarding publication bias and the quality of the available studies.

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Suicide in prisons: prevalence and contributing factors in high-income countries

Women are only 5% of the prison population, yet they represent 25% of the forensic health population

Vishal Bhavsar explores a brand new ecological study of 24 high-income countries that investigates the prevalence and contributory factors relating to suicide in prisons.

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