The global burden of disease from mental disorders remains high

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Alejandro Arguelles Bullon summarises the latest Global Burden of Disease study (2019) looking at the prevalence, incidence and impact that mental disorders have on our lives, which shows no reduction in the burden over the last 30 years.

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Chewing difficulty in older adults living in long-term care

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Carly Ross considers a review of the prevalence of chewing difficulty in older people in institutional long-term care. Only 10 cross-sectional studies were included in the review providing an estimated prevalence of chewing difficulties of 23% (95%CI; 1 to 53%) based on low certainty evidence.

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Dental neglect in children and adolescents -prevalence and risk factors

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This review of the prevalence of dental neglect and risk factors in children and adolescents included 10 observational studies. A high prevalence of dental neglect (range 10% to 83%) and caries ( range 38.9% to 99% )was identified.

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Hypomineralised second primary molars

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This review of the the worldwide prevalence of hypomineralised second primary molars (HPSM) includes 37 studies conducted between 1979 and 2020. The findings indicate a HSPM prevalence worldwide of 6.8% (4.98% to 8.86%).

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Caries prevalence and experience in older adults

The authors managed to develop and implement a strategy to reach older adults in rural areas, despite various barriers to access mental health treatment for this population.

This review of the caries prevalence and experience of older adults globally included 39 studies published between 2016 and 2020. The prevalence of caries in older adults was still high in most countries around the globe with a median of mean prevalence for caries of 49%.

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Prevalence of burning mouth syndrome

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This review evaluating the worldwide prevalence and epidemiology profile of burning mouth syndrome included 18 studies. Population based studies suggest an overall prevalence of 1.73% and clinically-based studies a 7.72% prevalence.

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Early childhood caries: Global prevalence

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The 2019 Bangkok Declaration defined early childhood caries (ECC) as the presence of a primary tooth with one or more carious (non-cavitated or cavitated lesions), missing (due to caries), or filled surfaces in a child under the age of six years. While dental caries is a preventable chronic health problem it remains a significant public [read the full story…]

How common is mental illness in children aged 1-7 years old?

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Jennifer Lau and Meenakshi Shukla explore a recent meta-analysis which finds that worldwide, 1 in 5 children aged 1-7 years old will experience a mental health condition.

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Temporomandibular disorders: Prevalence in musicians

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This review of the the prevalence of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) in musicians included 13 cross-sectional studies. The finding estimate a pooled prevalence = 53.9% (95%CI; 36.6% to 70.7%) however the certainty of the evidence is graded as very low.

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Malignant oral lesions in children and adolescents

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This review of the the prevalence, types and distribution of malignant oral lesions in children and adolescents included 43 retrospective studies reporting on 64,522 biopsies. The findings indicate an overall prevlence of 1.93% (95%CI; 1.21 to 2.80.

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