Xylitol gum reduced mutans streptococci transmission

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This review identified 5 trials reported in 11 publications and found that the chewing of xylitol gum by mothers significantly reduced transmission of mutans streptococci to their children. However the effects on caries were inconsistent.

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Mutans Streptococci: maternal-child transmission confirmed by review

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Thirty six studies were identified for this review of maternal-child transmission rates for mutans streptococci. Rates varied from 52.5% – 84.5% with a meta-analysis finding a cumulative event rate of 0.650 (95% CI; 0.565 to 0.726).

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