child and adolescent

Birth – 18 years.

Our child and adolescent Blogs

Pulpotomy for permanent teeth

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This review of the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of pulpotomy and associated medicaments in permanent teeth with pulp exposure included 17 RCTs some os which are still ongoing. The findings suggest that pulpotomy may be a potential treatment option for permanent teeth but more research is needed.

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Early childhood caries: modifiable risk factors

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This review of evidence pertaining to the effect of modifiable risk factors on early childhood caries(ECC) includes 133 mainly observational data providing moderate certainty evidence that breastfeeding up to 2 y of age does not increase ECC risk , and that providing access to fluoridated water and educating caregivers are justified approaches to ECC

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Adolescent cannabis use and risk of depression and suicide

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Benjamin Janaway blogs about a major data analysis that links adolescent cannabis use with increased risk of depression and suicide. He considers the opportunities for early recognition of cannabis use and public intervention.

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Fluoride varnish for caries prevention in pre-school children

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This review of the effectiveness of fluoride varnish in reducing the risk of new caries in primary teeth included 20 studies suggesting modest effects in pre-school children.

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Psychosis during ADHD treatment with methylphenidate or amphetamines

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Samuele Cortese reports on a recent study of 13-25 year old people with ADHD, which looks at the comparative risk of psychosis during treatment with methylphenidate and amphetamines.

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Cleft lip and palate: Autologous or alloplastic secondary alveolar bone grafting?

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This review of the effectiveness of autologous versus alloplastic bone for secondary alveolar bone grafting in patients with cleft lip and palate included 4 small RCTs suggesting no difference between the approaches.

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Periodontal disease: Influence of influence family/parent characteristics

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This review of the influence family/parent characteristics on periodontal disease in children and adolescents included 32 onsevations studies suggesting that parental income, education and occupation are assocated with periodontal disease.

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Youth anxiety and depression treatment not as good as we think? What should we tell the children?

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Ola Demkowicz writes her debut elf blog about a study that evaluates reliable improvement rates in depression and anxiety at the end of treatment in adolescents.

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Distraction techniques for managing dental anxiety in children and adolescents

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This review assessing whether distraction techniques reduce children’s/adolescent’s anxiety and fear during dental treatment included 20 RCTs providing very low certainty evidence that these techniques have a positive effect.

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Who gets bullied? Using genetic information to identify individual vulnerabilities

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Lucy Bowes explores a multi-polygenic score approach to identifying individual vulnerabilities associated with the risk of bullying, which suggests that depression, ADHD, risk taking, BMI and intelligence are independently associated with exposure to bullying.

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