child and adolescent

Birth – 18 years.

Our child and adolescent Blogs

How many ways do they need to say it? Young autistic people need support for their mental health.

Autistic people with mental health needs are clear that they need specialised services and these can only be effective if people are properly trained in both mental health and autism.

Vaso Totsika’s blog considers a study by Crane and colleagues, which seeks to further our understanding of how young autistic people experience the world of service provision in relation to their mental health needs, and in particular at the time of transition from child to adult services.

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Dental general anaesthesia in children: Impacts on the family

This review suggests that children in kinship foster care may do better than those in traditional foster care, in terms of their behavioural development, mental health functioning, and placement stability

21 quality of life studies were included in this review of the family impacts following children’s dental treatment under general anaesthesia. The findings suggest a significant positive impact on parental emotions, activity, and conflict.

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How can we prevent depression in young adults?

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Mental Health Masters Students from UCL explore a recent systematic review and meta-analysis of interventions to prevent depression in young adults. The review finds some evidence for the effectiveness of preventative interventions in reducing depressive symptoms in young adults, but the evidence in this area remains weak.

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Cannabis use in the developing brain: evidence from a recent cross-sectional meta-analysis

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Joe Barnby considers the findings of a recent meta-analysis of cross-sectional observational data, which explores the association of cannabis with cognitive functioning in adolescents and young adults.

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Aligners v fixed appliances for orthodontic treatment

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8 mainly observational studies were included in this review of he effectiveness of clear aligners compared with fixed appliances for orthodontic treatment. The findings suggest no difference between to two approaches however the quality of the availabel evidence is low to very low.

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Caries risk assessment tools for young children

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10 studies reporting on 8 caries risk assessment tools (CRATs) were identified in for this review of evidence to inform the selection of CRATs. The current evidence is limited.

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Orthodontic bracket systems: Is adhesive precoating better than operator coated?

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This review assessing whether adhesive precoated orthodontic brackets are more efficient than operator-coated brackets included 5 RCTs find no differences in failure rate between the two systems.

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Medication for ADHD: what works for adults, adolescents and children

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Dean Connolly is impressed by a recent systematic review and network meta-analysis, which compares the efficacy and tolerability of medication for ADHD in children, young people and adults.

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Sedation for children undergoing dental treatment

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This Cochrane review update of the efficacy and relative efficacy of conscious sedation agents and dosages for behaviour management in paediatric dentistry includes 50RCTs providing some moderate-certainty evidence that oral midazolam is an effective sedative agent for children undergoing dental treatment.

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Genetic predictors of depression trajectories in adolescence

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Megan Skelton explores a study that uses polygenic scores in the context of longitudinal developmental data, to characterise developmental trajectories and the role of neuropsychiatric genetic risk variants in early-onset depression.

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