Orthodontic retainers and periodontal health

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This review comparing the effects of vacuum-formed retainers (VFR) and Hawley retainers (HR) on periodontal health included 6 RCTs. While the findings suggests a statistical benefit in favour of HR in the short term the studies are small, short-term and most ( 5) were considered to be at high risk of bias.

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Probiotics and gingival inflammation

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This review of the effect of probiotics on gingival inflammation and oral microbiota in patients suffering from plaque-induced gingivitis included 11 RCTs. No clear evidence was found to indicate that oral probiotics have a positive effect on gingival inflammation and oral microecological environment of patients with gingivitis.

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Curcumin mouthwashes for plaque and gingivitis

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This review of the efficacy of curcumin mouthwash on plaque and gingivitis in comparison with chlorhexidine included 6 RCTs. While the findings suggest that curcumin mouthwashes have promising anti-plaque and anti-gingivitis properties 5 of the 6 studies were at high risk of bias.

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Powered toothbrushes and plaque control in orthodontic patients

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Typically, fixed appliance orthodontic treatment can last 18-24 months. As the presence of orthodontic appliance encourages plaque accumulation the maintenance of good oral hygiene is important is prevent adverse oral health outcomes.  The small head sizes of powered toothbrushes are considered to assist effective oral hygiene and have been sown to benefit oral health. The [read the full story…]

Powered toothbrushes for patients undergoing fixed orthodontic appliance treatment?

iStock_000002551343XSmall colourful braces on teeth

This review of the effect of powered and manual toothbrushes on oral health during fixed applinace orthodontic treatment included 7 RCTs. The findings suggest no diference between the toothbrush types. However the quality of the evidence is low and the studies are of short duration.

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Triphala mouthwash for plaque-induced gingivitis

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This review of the efficacy of Triphala and chlorhexidine mouthwash in the treatment of plaque-induced gingivitis included 7 RCTs involving a total of 1270 patients. However most of the studies are of short duration at at high to medium risk of bias.

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Probiotics for the treatment of gingivitis

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This review of the the efficacy of probiotics in the treatment of gingivitis included 10 small short term studies providing limited weak evidence for any effect on gingivitis.

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Oral hygiene programmes for people with intellectual disabilities

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This Cochrane review of oral hygiene interventions for people with intellectual difficulties included 34 studies (19 RCTs, 15 non-randomised studies) find some interventions provided benefits but their clinical importance was unclear.

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Interdental cleaning devices for prevention and control of caries and periodontal disease

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Thi Cochrane review evaluateingthe effectiveness of interdental cleaning devices used at home, in addition to toothbrushing, compared with toothbrushing alone, for preventing and controlling periodontal diseases, caries, and plaque includes 35 RCTs providing low to very low certainty evidence that floss or interdental brushes in addition to toothbrushing may reduce gingivitis or plaque, or both.

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Aloe vera mouthwash: how does it compare with chlorhexidine?

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This review of the efficacy of aloe vera mouthrinse on plaque and gingival inflammation includes 6 RCTS providing very low quality evidence that aloe vera mouthwash is comparable to chlorhexidine in reducing gingival inflammation.

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