child and adolescent

Birth – 18 years.

Our child and adolescent Blogs

Poor school attendance and anxiety: what’s the link?

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Lucinda Powell summarises a recent systematic review about the association between anxiety and poor attendance at school, which suggests links between anxiety and unexcused absences/truancy, and school refusal.

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Can PTSD in refugees affect their children’s well-being via harsher parenting styles?

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David Turgoose writes his debut elf blog on a longitudinal cohort study, which looks at the effect of post-traumatic stress disorder on refugees’ parenting and their children’s mental health.

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Depression in young people: are we researching what matters most?

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Tamsin Ford asks what outcomes count, when it comes to measuring adolescent depression?

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Fixed orthodontic appliances: What is the most effective debonding technique?

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This review of different methods for reducing pain and discomfort during removal of fixed orthodontic appliances included 6 RCTs providing weak evidence for pre-debonding analgesia and other approaches.

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Community supported discharge service for teenagers leaving psychiatric hospital

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Robyn Murphy summarises an RCT that compares the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of an intensive community supported discharge service versus treatment as usual for adolescents with psychiatric emergencies.

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What’s the relationship between adolescent depression and adult depression?

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Katie Finning writes her debut elf blog on a recent systematic review which looks at adult mental health outcomes of adolescent depression; including depression, anxiety and suicidality in adults.

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Avulsed teeth – what is the best management option?

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4 RCTs were included in ths Cochrane review update of interventions for avulsed and replanted permanent front teeth. None of the included studies was at low risk of bias and there is insufficient evidence to support or refute the effectiveness of different interventions.

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Can interventions help to improve social functioning in youth at risk of psychosis?

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Carla McEnery summarises a systematic review and meta-analysis of interventions and social functioning in youth at risk of psychosis.

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Fluoride toothpaste: Effects of different fluoride concentrations on caries

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This Cochrane review of effectiveness of different fluoride concentrations of toothpaste in reducing dental caries updates the 2010 review and includes 96 RCTs. It provideds good evidence to support the benefits of using fluoride toothpaste in preventing caries and demonstrates a does response effect.

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Cognitive biases in adolescent depression: the more you have, the worse you feel

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Maria Loades explores a cross-sectional study of the combined influence of cognitions in adolescent depression, which investigates biases of interpretation, self-evaluation and memory, and concludes that a negative evaluation of the self is strongly associated with depression severity and with a diagnosis of depression.

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