child and adolescent

Birth – 18 years.

Our child and adolescent Blogs

Teacher burnout: can we prevent it, or is that the wrong question?

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As we prepare for our Youth Mental Health Question Time event in London this evening, Lucinda Powell considers a meta-analysis looking at the effectiveness of interventions aimed at reducing teacher burnout.

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Antiseptic oral sprays: Do they improve oral health?

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20 RCTs involving a total of 720 patients were included in this review of antiseptic oral sprays in the control of dental plaque and gingivitis. The findings suggest then can reduce plaque levels in the short term.

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Orthodontic pain: Is low level laser therapy effective?

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20 RCTs were included in this review of low level laser therapy (LLLT) for orthodontic pain. While the findings suggest a benefit a majority of the studies were at high risk of bias so the findings should be interpreted cautiously.

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Prevention and early intervention for youth mental illness: how should we focus our limited resources? #MQScienceMeeting

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André Tomlin presents a summary of all the evidence we have highlighted over the last 3 years relating to prevention and early intervention for mental illness in young people.

This blog accompanies the #MQScienceMeeting coverage this week, which you can follow on Twitter.

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Youth online discussion forums: how do young people support each other and what do they talk about?

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Masters students from the ICH Child and Adolescent Mental Health course explore a recent qualitative study into how young people use the Kooth online discussion forum for emotional and mental health issues.

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Silver diamine fluoride for caries in primary teeth

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This review of the effectiveness of silver diamine fluoride (SDF) in arresting caries included 11 studies with 4 contributing to a meta-analysis showing it to be more effective than other active agents and placebo.

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Fissure sealing using flowable composite

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This review of fissure sealing using flowable composite included 11 studies and suggests retention rates at 1 year may be slightly better than resin-based sealants. However, the findings should be interpreted cautious as the confidence intervals are wide and quality of the studies is limited.

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Orthodontic space closure – en masse or two-step retraction

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8 small studies were included in this review comparing en masse retraction and two-step retraction for orthodontic space closure. While both were effective the en masse/miniscrew combination demonstrated a small statistically significant benefit in terms of incisor retraction and anchorage preservation.

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The Origins of Happiness: can we predict life satisfaction?

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Paul Ramchandani considers the methods, findings and implications of a new book by Andrew E. Clark, Sarah Fleche, Richard Layard, Nattavudh Powdthavee and George Ward, entitled: ‘The Origins of Happiness: The science of well-being over the life course’.

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Orthodontic space closure – Springs or chains?

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4 RCTs were included in this review of Nickel- titanium closing springs (NiTi-CS) and elastomeric power chains (EPC). The findings suggest there is medium quality evidence that space closure is faster with NiTi-CS.

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