child and adolescent

Birth – 18 years.

Our child and adolescent Blogs

School-based mental health services: a good idea?

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Pooky Knightsmith writes her debut elf blog on a recent meta-analysis, which looks at the effectiveness of school-based mental health services for 5-10 year old children.

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Teething: signs and symptoms

Baby, bathwater, nuff said...

This review of the local or systemic signs and symptoms during the eruption of the primary teeth included 16 observational studies only 5 of which were at low risk of bias. The overall prevalence of signs and symptoms associated with primary tooth eruption in children between 0 and 36 months was 70.5% (95%CI; 54.1-84.6).

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First permanent molars: consequences of early loss

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This review of the the effects and sequela of early extraction of first permanent molars included 11 observational studies providing limited quality evidence of the consequences of early extraction. High quality prospective studies are needed.

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Gender identity in young people: determinants, epidemiology, mental health and management

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Dean Connolly considers a recent review of research into gender identity in young people, which focuses particularly on treatment paradigms and controversies.

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Adolescent friendships predict later resilient functioning

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Simon Brett looks at a recent study in Psychological Medicine which suggests that adolescent friendships predict later resilient functioning across psychosocial domains in a healthy community cohort, whereas family support does not predict later resilience.

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Pacifier sucking: Limited evidence of impact on orofacial structures

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This review of the effects of pacifier sucking on orofacial structures identified 17 studies highlighting a lack of high quality evidence. While some effects are suggested these should be viewed cautiously given the quality of the evidence.

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Orthodontic treatment for class II division I malocclusion

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27 RCTs were identified for this Cochrane review update early v late orthodontic treatment for class II div 1 malocclusion. The main advantage of early treatment was a reduction of incisal trauma.

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Candida albicans: higher prevalence in children with early childhood caries

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This review of a possible association between oral Candida albicans and early childhood caries (ECC) included 15 cross-sectional studies.The prevalence of C. albicans in children with ECC was found to be significantly higher than in caries-free children.

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