child and adolescent

Birth – 18 years.

Our child and adolescent Blogs

Peer influence and risk taking behaviour during adolescence

taylor-ann-wright-417893-unsplash

Emily Stapley explores a recent article by Sarah-Jayne Blakemore on avoiding social risk in adolescence, which argues that the social risk of being rejected by peers outweighs other potentially negative outcomes of decisions.

[read the full story...]

Silver diamine fluoride for caries prevention in primary teeth

shutterstock_124896361

Four RCTs were included in this review of silver diamine fluoride (SDF) for the prevention of caries in primary teeth. Meta-analysis involving 2 of the studies suggest a preventive fraction = 77.5% (95%CI; 67.8– 87.2%)

[read the full story...]

Toothbrushing: fluoride toothpaste needed to reduce caries

shutterstock_26227375 toothbrushes and toothpaste

Three RCTs were included in this review of the association between personal oral hygiene and coronal dental caries. The findings suggest that in the absence of fluorides personal oral hygiene did not reduce the incidence of caries.

[read the full story...]

Inhaling evidence about tobacco and psychosis

maxime-robert-662505-unsplash

Ian Hamilton explores a recent Finnish study of adolescent tobacco smoking and the risk of psychosis, which found that young people aged 15-16 who smoked more than 10 cigarettes a day were three times more likely to have psychosis by the time they reached age 30.

[read the full story...]

Fixed orthodontic appliances- which type of archwire first?

shutterstock_147584807

This Cochrane review of the effects of initial arch wires for the alignment of teeth with fixed orthodontic appliances includes 12 RCTs and updates a previous review. The review finds moderate quality evidence shows that archwires of coaxial superelastic nickel-titanium (NiTi) can produce greater tooth movement over 12 weeks than arch wires made of single-strand superelastic NiTi.

[read the full story...]

Does self-harm in young people increase the risk of subsequent suicide?

riccardo-mion-645216-unsplash

Pooky Knightsmith picks apart a recent Swedish cohort study, which found that all youths presenting to a clinical setting with self-harm were at an elevated future risk of suicide.

[read the full story...]

Parental homelessness linked to increased risk of mental illness in offspring

brytny-com-617734-unsplash

Dean Connolly explores a Danish register-based cohort study, which investigates the risk of mental health problems in offspring of parents with a history of homelessness during childhood and adolescence.

[read the full story...]

Universal resilience: could it be the answer?

ankush-minda-549369-unsplash

Lucinda Powell summarises a systematic review of universal resilience-focused interventions targeting child and adolescent mental health in the school setting.

[read the full story...]

Dental anxiety in paediatric patients: Is cognitive behavioural therapy effective?

shutterstock_105846125

This review of cognitive behavioural therapy(CBT) for dental anxiety and dental phobia in children identified 6 RCTs suggesting it therapy produces better anxiety reduction than diverse behavioural management techniques. However the available evidence is of low quality.

[read the full story...]

Asking about suicide does not cause harm, in fact it may help

ethan-sykes-201047-unsplash

Pooky Knightsmith considers the benefits and risks of asking research participants about suicide in this important blog, which summarises a recent meta-analysis on the impact of exposure to suicide-related content.

[read the full story...]