Rubber bristles interdental cleaners as an adjunct to toothbrushing

shutterstock_87714310

This review of the efficacy of rubber bristles interdental cleaners (RBIC) as an adjunct to toothbrushing (TB) included 6 RCTs. The findings provide weak to very weak certainty evidence for the use of RBICs for gingivitis and plaque reduction.

[read the full story...]

Curcumin mouthwashes for plaque and gingivitis

Tumeric

This review of the efficacy of curcumin mouthwash on plaque and gingivitis in comparison with chlorhexidine included 6 RCTs. While the findings suggest that curcumin mouthwashes have promising anti-plaque and anti-gingivitis properties 5 of the 6 studies were at high risk of bias.

[read the full story...]

Sugar free gum and streptococcus mutans levels

shutterstock_88561078

This review of the impact of sugar-free gum (SFG) on the level of oral micro-organisms, specifically Streptococcus mutans included 13 studies 11 of whihc were RCTs. The findings indicated that SFG reduces the load of Streptococcus mutans in the oral cavity compared to controls but noe of teh included studies were at low risk of bias.

[read the full story...]

Parental presence and children’s dental anxiety

shutterstock_54042145 - Child, dentists & X-ray

This review of whether parents’ presence in the room influences children’s behaviour, anxiety and fear during dental treatment included 16 studies. The findings suggest that parents’ presence in the operation room does not influence children’s (up to 12 years old) behaviour, anxiety and fear during dental treatment. However the included studies are all at high risk of bias so the certainty of the evidence is very low.

[read the full story...]

COVID-19 Dental Elf Blogs – 5

coronavirus 2 (SARS- CoV-2)

Since the emergence of the SARS-CoV-2 virus just over a year ago we have published a number of dental blogs relevant to COVID-19. The blogs cover topics such as dental teams’ generic risk of disease, baseline risk of covid-19, asymptomatic patients and the risk of community spread, digital thermometers, mouthwash use, surgical mask types, gown [read the full story…]

Hyposalivation: Prevalence in the elderly

dan-gold-H0Jp8pX-0zw-unsplash

13 studies involving a total of 3885 patients were included in this review of the prevalence of hyposalivation in individuals aged ≥ 60 years. The findings suggest an overall prevalence of 33.4% (95%CI; 23.9- 43.6%).

[read the full story...]

Dental check-ups: How often should you go?

shutterstock_51503758

This Cochrane review update of the optimal recall interval of dental check-up for oral health in a primary care setting included 2 RCTs. The findings show little to no difference between six‐monthly and risk‐based check‐ups in tooth decay, gum disease and quality of life after four years.

[read the full story...]

Dental Anxiety: Prevalence in children and adolescents

shutterstock_105846125

This review of the global prevalence of dental anxiety in children and adolescents included 50 studies reported in 57 papers. The findings showed that dental anxiety is a frequent problem in 3‐ to 18‐year‐olds worldwide being commoner in schoolchildren and preschool children than in adolescents.

[read the full story...]

Blinding in randomised controlled trials of oral health interventions and effect size estimates

Clearer guidance needed on cardiology follow up, primary care treatment of skins conditions and surveillance for disability hate crime

In this blog Mark-Steven Howe looks at a methodlogical review and meta-analysis. The review looked at the use of patient and assessor blinding is trials of oral health interventions and shows larger effect sizes when blinding was lacking.

[read the full story...]

Promoting parental supervised toothbrushing practices

shutterstock_4881124

This review of interventions promoting parental supervised toothbrushing practices to reduce caries in children under 8 years included 42 studies. Few of the interventions were underpinned by theory and methodological rigour in their development and evaluation so future interventions need to be guided by complex intervention methodology.

[read the full story...]