Motivational Interviewing for adolescent oral health

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This large well-conducted 3-arm cluster RCT compared motivational interviewing(MI) with prevailing health education. Both MI arms of the study were more effective in eliciting positive changes in adolescents’ oral health behaviours and preventing dental caries after 12 months.

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Motivational interviewing for periodontal disease

Motivational interviewing works on facilitating and engaging intrinsic motivation within the client in order to bring about behaviour change.

This review of motivational interviewing (MI) as an adjunct to periodontal treatment only included 5 papers reporting 4 studies. The review provides limited evidence to suggest that MI might have a positive effect but more higher quality research is needed.

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Community-based oral health promotion interventions

The review found that adding family-based interventions to school-based interventions may reduce the onset of smoking by 4-25%.

This Cochrane review of community-based oral health promotion interventions included 38 studies and suggests that interventions combining oral health education with supervised toothbrushing or professional preventive oral care can reduce dental caries in children.

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Alcohol brief interventions: how can content, provider and setting reduce alcohol consumption?

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Olivia Maynard considers the findings of a recent systematic review that evaluates the effectiveness of alcohol brief interventions in reducing consumption. The review focuses specifically on the impact of the intervention content, provider group and setting.

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Guided or misguided? New advice on young people and drugs (SBIRT)

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Ian Hamilton considers a recent report from the American Academy of Paediatrics Committee on Substance Use and Prevention, which focuses on SBIRT (Substance Use Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment)

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CBT and motivational interviewing: best bet for cannabis cessation? #CannabisMatters

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Mark Monaghan writes his debut Mental Elf blog about a systematic review on psychological and psychosocial interventions for cannabis cessation in adults. Part of our #CannabisMatters series, this review suggests that CBT and Motivational Interviewing may improve outcomes in a self-selected population of cannabis users.

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Psychological interventions to improve oral health

This meta-analysis claims to be the first evaluating mindfulness-based interventions in primary care.

This review of psychological interventions to improve oral health identified 9 RCTs reported in 11 papers. A small statistically significant improvement in plaque index was noted but the quality of the available evidence is low. More higher quality studies are needed.

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A new MANTRA for treating anorexia nervosa? The MOSAIC study

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Helen Bould considers the findings of the MOSAIC RCT that compares the Maudsley Model of Anorexia Nervosa Treatment for Adults (MANTRA) with Specialist Supportive Clinical Management (SSCM) in outpatients with broadly defined Anorexia Nervosa.

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CBT plus taper may help reduce short-term benzodiazepine use

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John Baker summarises a recent Cochrane systematic review of psychosocial interventions for benzodiazepine harmful use, abuse or dependence.

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Drug-using offenders with co-occurring mental illness

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Meg Fluharty summarises a recently updated Cochrane systematic review about interventions for drug-using offenders with co-occurring mental illness.

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