Children and adolescents with intellectual disabilities: oral health status

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This review of oral health status in people with intellectual disabilities included 39 studies. Higher level of dental plaque, worse gingival status, and fewer decayed and filled permanent teeth were seen than in patients without intellectual disabilities.

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Oral Health in people with dementia

This study is the first of its kind from an RCT perspective which clearly shows that treating major depression in older adults using interventions in primary care settings can extend life

This review of oral health in older people with dementia included 37 mainly observational studies of limited quality. The findings suggest that oral health was generally poorer in those with dementia.

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Molar incisor hypomineralisation associated with caries

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17 low quality studies were included in this review of the association between molar incisor hypomineralisation and caries. A significant association was suggested but none of the studies was considered to be of high quality so the findings should be interpreted with caution.

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Slow-release fluoride devices: review finds insufficient evidence to show they reduce dental decay

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This new update of a Cochrane review only identified 1 study that randomised 174 children but analysed only 63. While there was a reduction in caries in those children with the slow-release fluoride glass bead the study is at high risk of bias and provides insufficient evidence to determine the caries-inhibiting effect of slow-release fluoride glass beads.

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Study suggests that daily consumption of sugar-sweetened drinks increases caries risk in adults

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There is a well-established association between sugar and dental caries which was reinforced in a recent systematic review by Moynihan and Kelly (Dental Elf 12th Dec 2013). S ugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) which have sucrose (table sugar), high-fructose corn syrup or fruit- juice concentrates, either as purchased or added after purchase have seen sales and consumption [read the full story…]