Caries in Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

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This review of whether children and adolescents with attention deficit with hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) had more dental caries than children and adolescents without ADHD included 13 observational studies. The findings suggest a higher risk of caries in children with ADHD Odds ratio = 3.31(95%CI; 1.25 to 8.73) and a significantly higher DMFT index Mean difference = 0.75 (0.38 to 1.13). However because of heterogeneity in the included study designs and a lack of adjustments for confounding factors the findings should be interpreted cautiously.

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Caries prevalence and experience in older adults

The authors managed to develop and implement a strategy to reach older adults in rural areas, despite various barriers to access mental health treatment for this population.

This review of the caries prevalence and experience of older adults globally included 39 studies published between 2016 and 2020. The prevalence of caries in older adults was still high in most countries around the globe with a median of mean prevalence for caries of 49%.

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Malocclusion and dental caries

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This review of malocclusion and the severity of dental caries among children and adolescents in the permanent dentition included 5 cross-sectional studies suggesting an association. However the quality of the evidence is limited so should be interpreted cautiously.

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Oral health promotion programmes for adolescents

Accessing online mental health sites is becoming easier due to the availability of laptops and smart phones, meaning teenagers can be connected wherever they are

This review of the effectiveness of health promotion interventions on oral health knowledge, behaviour and status of healthy adolescents included 28 programmes reported in 37 publications.

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Drug use and oral health status

Very few studies in this review, measured or adjusted for use of other substances such as cannabis.

This review investigating the relationship between drug use (methamphetamines, heroin, opiates, cocaine, cannabis and crack) and oral health includes 10 observational studies showing a higher risk of caries.

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Early childhood caries: Preventive interventions for pregnant and nursing mothers and other primary caregivers

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This Cochrane review asessing interventions with pregnant women, new mothers or other primary caregivers of infants in the first year of life for preventing early childhood caries included 17 RCTs .

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Caries progression rates in Western populations

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This review of progression rates in the primary and permanent dentition included 43 studies the majority in permanent teeth(32) providing an estimate of caries incidence rate of 0.11 (95%CI; 0.09–0.13) per person- year at risk.

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Intellectual disability and oral health

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This review of on the oral health of community dwelling adults with intellectual disabilities included 33 mainly cross-sectional studies showing a the continuing high prevalence of oral disease and treatment need

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Slow-release fluoride devices for caries prevention: insufficient evidence

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This review of slow-release fluoride devices for caries prevention updates an earlier Cochrane review of the topic. However no new trials have been identified providing insufficient evidence to assess their effectiveness.

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Children and adolescents with intellectual disabilities: oral health status

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This review of oral health status in people with intellectual disabilities included 39 studies. Higher level of dental plaque, worse gingival status, and fewer decayed and filled permanent teeth were seen than in patients without intellectual disabilities.

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