Universal interventions to prevent mental illness in medical students

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Tayla McCloud summarises a systematic review and meta-analysis on the effectiveness of universal programmes for the prevention of suicidal ideation, behaviour and mental ill health in medical students.

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Promoting parental supervised toothbrushing practices

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This review of interventions promoting parental supervised toothbrushing practices to reduce caries in children under 8 years included 42 studies. Few of the interventions were underpinned by theory and methodological rigour in their development and evaluation so future interventions need to be guided by complex intervention methodology.

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Preventive group therapy for the children of depressed parents: a qualitative evaluation

Featured

Tamsin Ford summarises a qualitative evaluation of a preventive group intervention for the children of depressed parents, which raises more questions than it answers.

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Preventing depression: what do we need to succeed?

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Can we prevent depression globally? Emma Corcoran, Molly Bird and Natalie Shoham summarise a recent review that considers what is needed to eradicate the worldwide depression epidemic, and why.

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Potassium iodide: Does it reduce silver diamine fluoride induced tooth staining?

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This review of the effectiveness of potassium iodide (KI) in reducing staining after silver diamine fluoride use identified just 6 studies 5 of which were conducted in-vitro providing little clinically relevant evidence for the use of KI.

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FiCTION Trial: the cost effectiveness of dental caries management in primary teeth

Money

THe FiCTION trial examied 3 strategies for the management of dental caries in primary teeth of children aged 3 to 7yrs in the UK This summarises the detailed cost-effectiveness element of that mult-centre RCT in primary care.

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Is reading for pleasure in childhood good for your health?

Although an association between reading for pleasure and healthy behaviours was identified, causation is still unclear.

Francesca Bentivegna summarises a recent study of the benefits of reading for pleasure in childhood, which finds an association 3 years later with consuming more fruit and being less exposed to both cigarette and alcohol use.

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Caries prevention in children: The RECUR trial

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This multi-centre RCTs of a single dental nurse delivered ‘talking’ intervention informed by motivational interviewing approaches was successful in reducing new caries experience in a group of high risk children at 2 years.

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School based obesity prevention for 6 and 7 year olds

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Alison Tonkin writes her debut elf blog on the WAVES study: a cluster randomised controlled trial looking at the effectiveness of a childhood obesity prevention programme delivered through schools, targeting 6 and 7 year olds.

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Laser preparation of tooth surfaces before fissure sealant placement

Fissure sealant

This review of laser preparation compared to other types of tooth surface preparation before fissure sealant placement included 5 RCTs. While the review suggested that retention rates with laser preparation were similar to acid etching the included studies were small and at high risk of bias. Thefore the findings should be considered very cautiously.

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