Medication for mental health: Oral health impacts

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This review of the side effects of medications prescribed for the management of mental health highlights their potential impact on oral health. The commonest problems being xerostomia.

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Fissure sealants effective in preventing caries in children and adolescents

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38 trials were included in this updated Cochrane review of the effect of fissure sealants on occlusal caries. The data show a reduction in caries of between 11-51% at 24months compared to no sealant. The benefit was also maintained at longer-term follow up.

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Developmental defects of enamel and caries in primary dentition

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This blog post is by Hayley Foulds, current CT 1 in Paediatric Dentistry at Glasgow Dental Hospital and School. The following article was the topic for discussion at the most recent Paediatric Dentistry Journal Club.

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Step wise caries removal sustained pulp vitality up to 5 years

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This well designed trial compares the impact on pulp vitality of step wise verses traditional caries removal. after 5 years. THe findings suggest significantly improved outcomes with the step wise approach.

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Breast feeding duration and caries risk

"Breast is best" is the clear message to all new Mums, but should this advice be tailored for women with depression?

This debut blog by Fiona Hogg considers a recent cohort study that looked at the effect of longer breastfeeding on caries and is based on a discussion of the paper at a Glasgow Dental Hospital’s Paediatric Dentistry Journal Club meeting.   

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Caries prevention in young children: topical fluoride alone not sufficient suggests trial

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This large trial investigated the use of a ‘preventive package’ of fluoride varnish, fluoride toothpaste, toothbrush and standard dental health education in children between 2-3 years attending general practice. The intervention did not keep young children caries free but did reduce caries levels.

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Occlusal caries prevention: Seal or varnish?

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This large, well-conducted study in a primary care setting found a small, but not statistically significant difference, between fissure sealants and fluoride varnish for the prevention of caries in first permanent molars at 36 months.

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Rigid and non-rigid connections between implants and teeth: biological and technical complications.

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Mark-Steven Howe assesses a systematic review looking at the impact of rigid and non-rigid connectors between natural teeth and implants on the biological, functional and/or the prosthetic complication rates. Ten mainly retrospective studies were included providing limited evidence that needs to be interpreted cautiously.

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Resin-bonded fixed dental prostheses: 5 year survival and complication rates

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This review of survival and complication rates of resin-bonded fixed dental prosthesis included 209 studies. The findings suggest overall survival rates of 91.3 % (95%CI; 88–93.7) . The quality of the available studies suggest that this should be interpreted cautiously.

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Caries lesions in enamel – Still drill and fill?

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This review of dental clinicians thresholds for intervention in teeth with caries included 30 studies over a 31year time span. 21% (95%CI;15%-28%) of dentists/therapists would intervene invasively for lesions confined to enamel doubling in high risk patients with little changed being noted over time.

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