Iron deficiency anaemia and early childhood caries

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This review assessing a potential association between early childhood caries (ECC) and iron deficiency anaemia (IDA) included 14 studies. While the findings showed an association between ECC and IDA the certainty of the evidence was very low so the findings should be interpreted very cautiously,

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Social isolation and oral health

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In this blog Carly Ross takes a look at a review assessing the association between social isolation and oral health in adults. The findings suggested no strong association however, only 4 studies were included and these were of limited quality.

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Dental neglect in children and adolescents -prevalence and risk factors

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This review of the prevalence of dental neglect and risk factors in children and adolescents included 10 observational studies. A high prevalence of dental neglect (range 10% to 83%) and caries ( range 38.9% to 99% )was identified.

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Nano-hydroxyapatite for caries prevention

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This review of the efficacy of fluoride-free nano-hydroxyapatite agents (nHA) to enhance remineralisation or hamper demineralisation of enamel caries included 10 small studies. 5 studies were in-vivo and 5 in-situ but they were of short duration with 7 being at high risk of bias so provide very low certainty evidence. Additional high quality well reported studies are needed to assess nHA.

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Sealants for primary molar teeth

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This Cochrane review of the effects of sealants compared to no sealant or a different sealant in preventing pit and fissure caries on the occlusal surfaces of primary molars in children. Nine small RCTs were included providing limited evidence of low to very low certainty.

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Interproximal enamel reduction in orthodontics

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This review of the effectiveness of Interproximal enamel reduction (IPR) techniques used in orthodontics included 10 small studies. The included studies were small and of very low to low quality so the findings should be viewed cautiously.

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Top Dental Elf Blogs: Jul – Sep 2021

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Treatments for cavitated dentine caries, topical anaesthetics to reduce injection pain and vital pulp therapy for permanent teeth were out most popular blogs duing July, August and September 2021.

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Topical fluorides for early childhood caries

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This review of the caries preventive effectiveness of topical fluorides in the primary dentition included 24 RCTs with 10 RCTs contributing to a network meta-analysis (NMA). While the NMA did allow a ranking of effectiveness the number of studies involved was small and 17 of the 24 studies were considered to be at high risk of bias.

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Early enamel caries: Detection and diagnosis

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This comparative analysis of 5 Cochrane caries diagnostic test accuracy studies provides summary estimates for most currently available technologies. However the certainty of the evidence is considered low and it is difficult to predict real world performance.

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Caries prevalence and experience in older adults

The authors managed to develop and implement a strategy to reach older adults in rural areas, despite various barriers to access mental health treatment for this population.

This review of the caries prevalence and experience of older adults globally included 39 studies published between 2016 and 2020. The prevalence of caries in older adults was still high in most countries around the globe with a median of mean prevalence for caries of 49%.

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