Orthodontic treatment: Does it take longer in adult patients?

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This review comparing the duration of fixed orthodontic treatment between adults and adolescents included 11 studies the majority of which were retrospective. Meta-analyses indicated no statisticall or clinical differences in duration although the quality of the available evidence was low to very low.

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Psychotherapy for depression across different age groups

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David Hallford summarises a recent systematic review and meta-analysis on the effectiveness of psychotherapy for depression across the lifespan.

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ADHD remission: why do some children ‘outgrow’ ADHD whilst others don’t?

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A group of UCL Mental Health Masters students summarise a recent literature review that explores the potential pathways to ADHD remission.

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Antidepressants can help adults with major depression

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André Tomlin reports on a new network meta-analysis that brings together the best available evidence comparing the efficacy and acceptability of 21 antidepressants for the acute treatment of adults with major depressive disorder.

This groundbreaking review of 522 trials is the largest ever meta-analysis in psychiatry, and finds that antidepressants are more effective than placebo for short-term treatment of acute depression in adults.

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Challenging behaviours in adults with intellectual disabilities linked to injury in their carers?

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Genevieve Young Southward takes a look at a recent study on the incidence, types and causes of injury in family and paid carers of adults with intellectual disabilities in Scotland.

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Orthodontic aligners: little evidence to assess their effectiveness

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The use of clear orthodontic aligners is increasing, despite searching a wide range of databases this review only identified a limited number of small studies. The quality of the studies was not sufficient to draw any evidence-based decisions on the effectiveness of orthodontic aligners so better quality studies are needed.

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Study suggests that daily consumption of sugar-sweetened drinks increases caries risk in adults

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There is a well-established association between sugar and dental caries which was reinforced in a recent systematic review by Moynihan and Kelly (Dental Elf 12th Dec 2013). S ugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) which have sucrose (table sugar), high-fructose corn syrup or fruit- juice concentrates, either as purchased or added after purchase have seen sales and consumption [read the full story…]

UK norms for dental anxiety

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The 2009 adult dental survey conducted in England, Wales, and Northern Ireland was the 5th decennial survey undertaken in the UK.    It was based on a two-stage cluster sample and of 12,054 eligible households  7,233 participated.  Of the 13,509 adults in these households 11,382 participated (84%). The survey consisted of a clinical examination and a [read the full story…]