Majority of people with ADHD in Ireland still thought to be untreated, despite increase in treatment rates

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In her debut blog, Poppy Ellis Logan summarises a longitudinal study which finds rates of ADHD prescription increased in Ireland between 2005 and 2015.

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Dental Fear in Adults

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This review aiming to estimate the global prevalence of dental fear in adults included 31 observational studies the majority of which were at high risk of bias. The findings suggest an overal prevalence of 15.3 % (95%CI; 10.23 to 21.15%).

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Orthodontic treatment: Does it take longer in adult patients?

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This review comparing the duration of fixed orthodontic treatment between adults and adolescents included 11 studies the majority of which were retrospective. Meta-analyses indicated no statisticall or clinical differences in duration although the quality of the available evidence was low to very low.

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Psychotherapy for depression across different age groups

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David Hallford summarises a recent systematic review and meta-analysis on the effectiveness of psychotherapy for depression across the lifespan.

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ADHD remission: why do some children ‘outgrow’ ADHD whilst others don’t?

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A group of UCL Mental Health Masters students summarise a recent literature review that explores the potential pathways to ADHD remission.

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Antidepressants can help adults with major depression

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André Tomlin reports on a new network meta-analysis that brings together the best available evidence comparing the efficacy and acceptability of 21 antidepressants for the acute treatment of adults with major depressive disorder.

This groundbreaking review of 522 trials is the largest ever meta-analysis in psychiatry, and finds that antidepressants are more effective than placebo for short-term treatment of acute depression in adults.

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Challenging behaviours in adults with intellectual disabilities linked to injury in their carers?

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Genevieve Young Southward takes a look at a recent study on the incidence, types and causes of injury in family and paid carers of adults with intellectual disabilities in Scotland.

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Orthodontic aligners: little evidence to assess their effectiveness

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The use of clear orthodontic aligners is increasing, despite searching a wide range of databases this review only identified a limited number of small studies. The quality of the studies was not sufficient to draw any evidence-based decisions on the effectiveness of orthodontic aligners so better quality studies are needed.

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