Low-level laser therapy in the prevention and treatment of oral mucositis

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Manas Dave takes a look at this review evaluating the prophylactic and therapeutic effects of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) in patients who might or have developed oral mucositis during chemotherapy or radiotherapy.

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Home is where the therapist is: home-based family therapy for conduct disorder in young adolescents

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Akansha Naraindas summarises the findings of a small qualitative study of home-based family therapy for conduct disorder in teenagers.

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The ‘syndemics’ theory: a better explanation for ethnic disparities in the incidence and prevalence of psychosis?

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Today Bibire Baykeens looks into ethnic disparities in psychotic experiences explained by area-level syndemic effects; a brand new paper in the British Journal of Psychiatry.

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Osteoradionecrosis and denture use in head and neck cancer patients

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This review assessing the evidence of the impact of replacing missing teeth with dentures on the development of osteoradionecrosis in patients who have radiotherapy for head and neck cancer only identified 3 case-controlled studies of very low quality.

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Alexithymia and suicide: can we find the right words to help each other?

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Hilary Norman summarises a novel systematic review and meta-analysis, which explores the relationship between alexithymia and suicide ideation and behaviour.

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Oral Cancer – Referral by primary care doctors and dentists

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This review comparing primary care doctors and dentists in the referral of oral cancer included 22 mainly retrospective studies. Doctors refered sliightly more than dentists, typically 50% compared with 40% respectively.

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Media reporting of suicide: do we need more than guidelines?

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Anna Sri summarises a recent systemic review and meta-analysis led by Thomas Niederkrotenthaler, which explores the association between media reporting of suicide and actual suicidal behaviour in the community; a phenomenon known as the Werther effect.

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Conspiracy theories and coronavirus: one in four people “endorse unequivocally false ideas about the pandemic”

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Ian Cummins considers the findings of a survey study published in May 2020 on coronavirus conspiracy beliefs, mistrust, and compliance with government guidelines in England.

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Orthodontic pain: The efficacy of analgesics

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This review of the efficacy of of analgesics on the relief of pain during orthodontic treatment included 12 RCTs. The findings demonstrate that analgesics were more effective than placebo in controlling orthodontic pain

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Home treatment by crisis resolution teams can prevent hospital admission, according to Swiss research

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Emmeline Lagunes Cordoba and Magdalena Skowronska review a recent Swiss RCT, which found that crisis resolution teams led to fewer hospital days per patient, but did not prevent hospital admission entirely.

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