Results: 1880

For: systematic review

Antifungal drugs for oral candidiasis

Candida Albicans

This network meta-analysis of the efficacy of antifungal drugs on oral candidiasis included 31 RCTs of overal low quality suggesting that fluconazole may be the most effective.

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Oral leukoplakia: Malignant transformation rate

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

This review of the rate of malignant transformation of oral leukoplakia included 34 many retrospective observational studies. The estimated mean malignant transformation rate was 9.7% (95%CI; 7.8% to 11.7%).

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Dental implants: Short or standard for single-crown restoration in posterior jaw?

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This review comparing whether implant supported crowns on short or standard implants have similar clinical outcomes in the posterior alveolar bone included 5 RCTs. the findings suggested no differences at one year but that shorter implants performed less well at 5 years.

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Oral candidiasis: Are probiotics effective?

Candida albicans

This review of the the efficacy of probiotics on oral Candida spp. includes 12 RCTs and suggests a possible benefit. However the quality of the evidence is limited so the findings should be intepreted cautiously.

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The rapid increase in global mental illness: fake news?

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A group of UCL Mental Health Masters students summarise a systematic review and meta-analysis examining if the global prevalence rate of adult mental illness is increasing.

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Third molars: Envelope or triangular flap for mandibular third molar surgery?

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This review comparing the effects of envelope and triangular flaps for mandibular third molar surgery included 20 RCTs involving 770 patients. A majority of the studies were of cross-over design with the findings suggesting no differences in teh outcomes between the two flap designs.

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Oral lichen planus: malignant transformation rate

Lichen_planusWickham's

This review of the malignant transformation rate of oral lichen planus and associated risk factors included 33 studies. Using a strict definition the authors found a malignant transformation rate of 0.44%.

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Surgical masks versus N95 respirators

A_surgical_mask_(2017)

This review of the effectiveness of N95 respirators versus surgical masks for prevention of influenza included 6 RCTs involving 9171 participants. THe findings suggest that use of N95 respirators compared with surgical masks was not associated with a lower risk of laboratory-confirmed influenza.

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Smoking and dental implant failure

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This review of whether there was an increased risk of dental implant failure in heavy smokers compared with light smokers included 23 studies the majority being retrospective studies. The findings suggest that the risk of implant failure was elevated with an increase in the number of cigarettes smoked per day but the findings should be interpreted cautiously.

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Non-carious cervical lesions: How common are they in adults?

Gum_graft_fig_1

This review of the worldwide prevalence of non-carious cervical lesions (NCCLs) in adults included 26 cross-sectional studies providing a weighted prevalence estimate estimate of 46.7 %(95%CI; 38.2 to 55.3 %).

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