COX-2 inhibitors for pain management after third molar removal

Many drugs are licensed for use in Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD), but it is unclear what works best.

This review comparing the efficacy of Cox-2 inhibitors with ibuprofen after third molar removal included 12 RCTs suggesting that COX-2 inhibotors and Ibuprofen provide similar pain relief at 6, 8, and 12 h after third molar removal.

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Actinic cheilitis: What is the best treatment?

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This review of treatments for actinic cheilitis included 29 mainly observational studies providing little evidence to identify the best treatment approaches.

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Dental implant placement: which antibiotic protocol?

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This review of the the effectiveness of different antibiotic protocols to prevent early dental implant failure includes 9 RCTs showing that antibiotics were protective against early implant failures.

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Antibiotic prophylaxis for dental implants in healthy patients, is it necessary?

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This review of the efficacy of antibiotic prophylaxis in dental implant placement for prevention of post-operative infection included 10 RCTs analysis indicatingthat antibiotic prophylaxis may not be necessary in health patients.

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Platelet Rich Fibrin as a biomaterial in oral surgery

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This blog on a review of the efficacy of platelet rich fibrin (PRF) in oral surgery procedures was prepared by MSc Students from @UClanDentistry during a workshop with the @TheDentalElf. The review includes 30 small studies of limited quality more high quality studies are needed to assess effectiveness.

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Chlorhexidine mouthwash after periodontal or implant surgery

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This review of the benefits of chlorhexidine rinsing after periodontal or implant surgery included 11 small RCTs which provide very low quality evidence of a benefit.

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Palatal canines: open or closed surgical approaches?

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Two surgical approaches ( open and closed) for palatally displaced canines were compared in this multi-centre RCT. No differences in operating time was seen between the two approaches but those in the open group had more pain.

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Articaine or Lidocaine for third molar removal?

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This review of anaesthetic efficiency of articaine for lower third molar extraction included 9 RCTs ( 493 patients -770 lower molars). The findings suggest that 4% articaine with 1:100,000 epinephrine possesses superior anaesthetic efficiency relative to lidocaine.

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Bone augmentation in atrophic mandibles; autogenous bone or biomaterial?

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This review of bone augmentation with biomaterials or autogenous bone in the posterior mandible outcomes included 4 small split-mouth studies demonstrating similar were outcomes with both materials.

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