Can smoking cessation improve cognitive functioning in people with psychosis?

diego-lopez-770963-unsplash

Dafni Katsampa explores a recent prospective cohort study that investigates the association between smoking behaviour and cognitive functioning in patients with psychosis, their siblings and healthy control subjects.

[read the full story...]

Psychosis and physical health: listening to patients and family carers

sculpture-3365574_1280

Shuichi Suetani and Sharon Lawn explore a recent viewpoint article on physical health problems in psychosis, which asks: Is it time to consider the views of family carers?

[read the full story...]

Lifestyle training for schizophrenia: STEPWISE fails to make a difference

clem-onojeghuo-1169553-unsplash

Ben Janaway writes his debut elf blog on the STEPWISE RCT which is out today in the British Journal of Psychiatry: Structured lifestyle education for people with schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder and first-episode psychosis.

[read the full story...]

Periodontitis: How good are current prediction models?

shutterstock_57647551

12 prediction models for periodontitis incidence and progression were identified in 7 studies. There were several methodological and reporting shortcomings of published prediction models and indicated further research is required.

[read the full story...]

Smoking bans and violence on mental health wards: what’s the link?

justin-casey-1093498-unsplash

John Baker isn’t convinced by the findings of a systematic review on smoking bans and violence in mental health settings, which concludes that the introduction of smoke-free policies generally do not lead to an increase in violence.

[read the full story...]

Inhaling evidence about tobacco and psychosis

maxime-robert-662505-unsplash

Ian Hamilton explores a recent Finnish study of adolescent tobacco smoking and the risk of psychosis, which found that young people aged 15-16 who smoked more than 10 cigarettes a day were three times more likely to have psychosis by the time they reached age 30.

[read the full story...]

Joint risks? Tobacco and cannabis and psychotic symptoms

joints

James MacCabe appraises a recent study, which looks at the association of combined patterns of tobacco and cannabis use in adolescents who go on to experience psychotic symptoms.

[read the full story...]

Treating periodontitis to prevent heart disease – evidence unclear

heart attack

Only 1 trial at high risk of bias was included in this recent update of a 2014 Cochrane review of periodontal therapy for preventing cardiovascular disease (CVD) providing insufficient evidence to support or refute whether periodontal therapy can prevent the recurrence of CVD in the long term in patients with chronic periodontitis.

[read the full story...]

Sleep bruxism: risk factors

shutterstock_150706244

This review of risk factors for sleep bruxism identified 9 studies involving a total of 12,454 patients. Strong associations were found for sleep bruxism, GERD and a gene related to serotonergic neurotransmission.

[read the full story...]

Antibiotics as an adjunct to the non-surgical periodontal treatment of smokers

Smoking man

Mark-Steven Howe looks at a systematic review of the effectiveness of adjunctive antibiotics in smokers undergoing non-surgical periodontal treatment. While a statistical benefit was noted it was not considered to be clinically relevant.

[read the full story...]