The global burden of disease from mental disorders remains high

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Alejandro Arguelles Bullon summarises the latest Global Burden of Disease study (2019) looking at the prevalence, incidence and impact that mental disorders have on our lives, which shows no reduction in the burden over the last 30 years.

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COVID-19 increased depression and anxiety disorders by >25% during 2020

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Dona Matthews summarises a recent study in The Lancet which estimates that worldwide COVID-19 increased depression and anxiety disorders by more than 25% in 2020.

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Ventilator-associated pneumonia: Does toothbrushing with chlorhexidine reduce risk?

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This review of the effect of toothbrushing and chlorhexidine on the incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) in patients on mechanical ventilation included 7 RCTs. The findings showed that toothbrushing and chlorhexidine reduced VAP,length of stay and duration of ventilation. However the findings should be interpreted cautiously because of study quality.

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Migrants with first episode psychosis are more likely to receive inpatient care, according to new Swedish population study

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In her debut blog, Natasha Chilman blogs about a Swedish cohort study of 1.3 million people, which finds that migrants with first episode psychosis are more likely to receive inpatient care.

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Volunteering in later life: good for our physical health, but more evidence needed on mental health

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Sophie Large summarises a recent Campbell Systematic Review, which explores the impact of volunteering on the physical and mental health of older volunteers.

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New Canadian study confirms the excess mortality associated with eating disorders

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In her debut blog, Anna Paspala summarises a new study published today in The British Journal of Psychiatry, which suggests that in Ontario, Canada, mortality rates in people with eating disorders were 5-7 times higher than the general population.

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Opioid Agonist Treatment associated with 50% lower risk of mortality, but political epiphany still needed to reduce drug-related deaths

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Ian Hamilton appraises a systematic review and meta-analysis on the association of opioid agonist treatment with all-cause mortality and specific causes of death among people with opioid dependence.

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Death from COVID-19: should we be prioritising people with schizophrenia for vaccination?

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In her debut blog, Aneta Zarska reviews a cohort study which looks at the links between death from COVID-19 and a range of mental health conditions, including schizophrenia, depression and anxiety.

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Oral hygiene for critically ill patients

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This Cochrane review updated assessing the impact of oral health measures on the incidence of ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP) in critically ill patients receiving mechanical ventilation in intensive care includes 40 RCTs and suggests that Chlorhexidine mouthwash or gel, as part of oral health measures, probably reduces the incidence of developing VAP.

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Suicide risk in young people who self-harm and visit emergency departments

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Katerina Kavalidou reviews a prospective observational cohort study on mortality and suicide risk in young people after they present to hospital emergency departments following episodes of self-harm.

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