Behaviour change techniques in smartphone health apps

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Lucas Shelemy presents a recent systematic review on gamification for health promotion, which explores behaviour change techniques in smartphone apps.

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Do prompts help sustain engagement with digital interventions?

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Sarah Knowles considers the findings of a recent systematic review looking at the effectiveness of prompts to promote engagement with digital interventions.

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Implementation intentions: helping people achieve their goals

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Alan Underwood highlights a new meta-analysis, which suggests that people with mental health problems can benefit if they are prompted to form if-then plans, which specify when, where and how they will achieve their goals.

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Psychological interventions to improve oral health

This meta-analysis claims to be the first evaluating mindfulness-based interventions in primary care.

This review of psychological interventions to improve oral health identified 9 RCTs reported in 11 papers. A small statistically significant improvement in plaque index was noted but the quality of the available evidence is low. More higher quality studies are needed.

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Oral health-related behaviours: improved with interventions using goal setting, self-monitoring and planning

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This new review included 14 studies and included 7 theoretical models of health-related behaviour. The findings suggest that Interventions based on the use of goal setting, self-monitoring and planning are effective in improving oral health-related behaviours.

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Health behaviour change counselling in a dental setting

This meta-analysis claims to be the first evaluating mindfulness-based interventions in primary care.

Oral health professionals can play an important role in helping patients adopt good health behaviours. This review summarises 7 systematic reviews, finding that the strongest evidence is for smoking cessation and dietary interventions delivered by dental professionals.

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CBT based strategies, physiotherapy and low back pain

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Can CBT (cognitive behavioural therapy) based treatment strategies be delivered by physiotherapists and other healthcare professionals? Heather Gray reports on a systematic review.

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New guidance from SDCEP on the prevention and treatment of periodontal diseases in primary care

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The Scottish Dental Clinical Effectiveness Programme (SDCEP) has just launched its latest guidance on the Prevention and Treatment of Periodontal Diseases in Primary Care.  The focus of the guidance is on the prevention and non-surgical treatment of periodontal diseases and implant diseases in primary care.   It includes advices on diagnosis and management of periodontal and [read the full story…]

Insufficient evidence for the efficacy of primary school-based behavioural interventions for reducing caries

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This new Cochrane review looked at school-based interventions aimed at changing behaviour related to toothbrushing habits and the frequency of consumption of cariogenic food and drink in children between the ages of 4 and 12 years. The Cochrane Oral Health Group’s Trials Register, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) ,Medline, Embase, CINAHL, PsycINFO, [read the full story…]