Fluoride supplements for pregnant women to prevent caries in their children

Pregnancy is a major life changing event for all women, but this study shows that women who are depressed during pregnancy are also at risk of reduced breastfeeding initiation and premature delivery

This Cochrane review of fluoride supplements during pregnancy for the prevention of caries in their children identified only a single trial which provided no evidence of caries prevention in their offspring.

[read the full story...]

Periodontal disease and pregnancy outcomes

Routine specialist pregnancy care involved an initial meeting to discuss quitting smoking and set a quit date, followed by 4 weekly telephone calls, and free nicotine replacement therapy for 10 weeks.

Twenty three systematic reviews were included in this overview of reviews reviews assessing the link between periodontal disease and adverse periodontal outcomes. While a majority of the available reviews suggest an association there are concerns regarding the quality of the primary studies.

[read the full story...]

How consistent are international treatment guidelines for bipolar disorder?

session-1989711_1280

Steven Marwaha publishes his debut blog on a review article that asks if there is consensus across international evidence-based guidelines for the management of bipolar disorder.

[read the full story...]

Severe mental illness in offspring may not be linked to smoking during pregnancy

baby-2022446_1280

Andrew Jones considers a recent cohort study that looks into the associations between maternal smoking during pregnancy and severe mental illness in offspring.

[read the full story...]

Periodontal treatment during pregnancy-no evidence of impact on preterm birth

Routine specialist pregnancy care involved an initial meeting to discuss quitting smoking and set a quit date, followed by 4 weekly telephone calls, and free nicotine replacement therapy for 10 weeks.

15 RCTs were included in this Cochrane review of impact of periodontal treatment on adverse pregnancy outcomes. all the included studies were considered to be at high risk of bias. There was no evidence that periodontal treatment reduces the number of preterm babies.

[read the full story...]

OCD risk may increase following perinatal complications

photo-1475178278683-8c225ae5ec3e

Alan Underwood summarises a population based cohort study of 2.4 million Swedish children, which highlights links between perinatal risk factors such as smoking during pregnancy, and later development of obsessive compulsive disorder.

[read the full story...]

Oral Clefts and maternal smoking associated suggests review

shutterstock_91019771 Clefts

This review examined the link between maternal smoking and oral clefts. 29 studies ( 6 Cohorts & 23 case control studies) were included and a positive association has noted. No quality assessment of the included studies was presented.

[read the full story...]

Cannabis use during pregnancy: little known about impact on child or maternal health

smoking-cannabis

Ellen Grimas summarises a systematic review on prenatal exposure to cannabis and maternal and child health outcomes, which highlights the lack of high quality research in this area.

[read the full story...]

Does taking antidepressants during pregnancy harm the child? Here are the facts

baby-boy-shoes-on-belly

Ian Jones summarises a number of studies that consider the benefits and harms of antidepressants during pregnancy, including a recent cohort study that found that exposure to antidepressants in the womb is associated with a modest increased risk of speech and language disorders.

[read the full story...]

Psychotropic medication in pregnancy: new evidence may help achieve a safe balance

pregnant with ipad

Joanne Wallace considers a recent health technology assessment on the risks and benefits of psychotropic medication in pregnancy, which supports previous associations between valproate and adverse child outcomes.

[read the full story...]