Results: 159

For: older adult

Denture adhesives: Are they effective?

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This review of the efficacy of denture adhesives (DAs) for complete dentures included 39 studies ( 23 RCTs and 16 CCTs). None of teh included studies were at low risk of bias with the findings suggesting that Denture adhesives can improve denture retention, bite force and masticatory performance of complete denture wearers.

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Dental Fear in Adults

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This review aiming to estimate the global prevalence of dental fear in adults included 31 observational studies the majority of which were at high risk of bias. The findings suggest an overal prevalence of 15.3 % (95%CI; 10.23 to 21.15%).

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What do dementia stakeholders think about Cognitive Stimulation Therapy?

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A group of students from the UCL MSc in Mental Health Studies summarise a review on dementia stakeholders’ perceptions of Cognitive Stimulation Therapy.

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‘Chin up, love.’ Why are frail older adults not seeking help for anxiety or depression?

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A group of students from the UCL MSc in Mental Health Studies summarise a qualitative study on supporting frail older adults with anxiety or depression.

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Tooth extraction: Do antibiotics prevent complications?

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This Cochrane review update of the effect of systemic antibiotic prophylaxis on the prevention of infectious complications following tooth extractions included 23 studies. There was very-low certainty evidence that prophylactic antibiotics may reduce the risk of infection and dry socket following third molar extraction compared to placebo.

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Dementia and loneliness: prevalence and determinants for people living in the UK

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Rosie Mansfield summarises recent findings from the IDEAL programme on the prevalence and determinants of loneliness in people living with dementia.

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Denture stomatitis: Is microwave disinfection effective?

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This review of the effectiveness of removable complete denture disinfection using microwaves for the treatment of denture stomatitis included 3 small RCTs. While the findings suggest that microwave may be effective the evidence is of low certainty so additional high quality well reported studies are needed.

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Salivary biomarkers CYFRA 21-1 and MMP-9 for oral squamous cell carcinoma diagnosis?

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In his first blog for the Dental Elf Rajpal Tattar take a look at a review of the diagnostic accuracy of salivary biomarkers for the detection of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). The review considers two biomarkers, cytokeratin 19 fragment (CYFRA 21-1) and for matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) but there is no conclusive evidence for either at present.

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Dementia ward inpatients need better protection from COVID-19

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Clarissa Giebel summarises a recent study on the prevalence, management, and outcomes of COVID-19 infections in older people and dementia patients on mental health wards.

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Hyposalivation: Prevalence in the elderly

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13 studies involving a total of 3885 patients were included in this review of the prevalence of hyposalivation in individuals aged ≥ 60 years. The findings suggest an overall prevalence of 33.4% (95%CI; 23.9- 43.6%).

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