Caries prevalence in preterm and low birth weight children

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This review of the prevalence of dental caries in preschool children born preterm and/or with a low birth weight included 59 observational studies suggesting caries prevelence was similar to full term children of normal weight. However, the certainty of teh evidence was very low.

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FiCTION Trial: the cost effectiveness of dental caries management in primary teeth

Money

THe FiCTION trial examied 3 strategies for the management of dental caries in primary teeth of children aged 3 to 7yrs in the UK This summarises the detailed cost-effectiveness element of that mult-centre RCT in primary care.

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Drug use and oral health status

Very few studies in this review, measured or adjusted for use of other substances such as cannabis.

This review investigating the relationship between drug use (methamphetamines, heroin, opiates, cocaine, cannabis and crack) and oral health includes 10 observational studies showing a higher risk of caries.

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Sugar-free chewing gum – does it reduce caries?

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This review of the effect of sugar-free chewing gum(SFG) on dental caries included 12 studies 11 of which were RCTs. None of the included studies was at low risk of bias and ther findings suggest there is evidence to support the use of SFG in the control of dental caries in children.

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Caries prevention in children: The RECUR trial

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This multi-centre RCTs of a single dental nurse delivered ‘talking’ intervention informed by motivational interviewing approaches was successful in reducing new caries experience in a group of high risk children at 2 years.

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Vegetarian diet and oral health

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This review of the association between a vegetarian diet and (a) non-carious/cervical lesions (NCCL), (b) dental caries and (c) number of natural teeth included 18 mainly cross-sectional studies suggesting a possible link with a higher prevalence of dental erosion.

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Caries experience and dental care in children with and without learning disabilities

The absolute risk of autism and mental retardation remains low

This review of caries experience and dental care provision in children with and without learning disabilities included 25 cross sectional studies with findings suggesting no overall difference in caries levels between the two groups.

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Fluoride toothpaste: Effects of different fluoride concentrations on caries

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This Cochrane review of effectiveness of different fluoride concentrations of toothpaste in reducing dental caries updates the 2010 review and includes 96 RCTs. It provideds good evidence to support the benefits of using fluoride toothpaste in preventing caries and demonstrates a does response effect.

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Caries risk assessment tools for young children

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10 studies reporting on 8 caries risk assessment tools (CRATs) were identified in for this review of evidence to inform the selection of CRATs. The current evidence is limited.

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Top Dental Elf Blogs: Sep – Dec 2018

The National Elf Service aims to close the gap between research and practice.

If this your idea of fun, do drop us a line.

Between September and December 2018 our most popular blogs considered guidelines for non-restorative options for caries management , orthodontic management of the developing dentition and aligners for orthodontic treatment.

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