Occlusal caries prevention: Seal or varnish?

shutterstock_34500700 - caries sign

This large, well-conducted study in a primary care setting found a small, but not statistically significant difference, between fissure sealants and fluoride varnish for the prevention of caries in first permanent molars at 36 months.

[read the full story...]

Challenging behaviour in children with Fragile X syndrome

Screen Shot 2015-12-07 at 10.56.36

In this blog, Rose Tomlins considers a recent paper, which focuses on expanding the evidence base for efficacy of using functional analysis with children who have Fragile X syndrome and severely challenging behaviour.

[read the full story...]

Sleep problems in children with learning disabilities. Can a group delivered sleep management intervention help?

shutterstock_sleep diary

Lack of sleep for parents has been associated with depression, stress and anxiety and sleep problems for parents of children with learning disabilities are common.

Here, Rachel Allen looks at an evaluation of the effectiveness of a sleep management intervention that was delivered through support to groups of parents.

[read the full story...]

Can we model the development and maintenance of self-injury in children with developmental delay?

shutterstock_154760066

Self-injurious behaviour can have a severe impact on the quality of life of some children with developmental delay.

Here, Alix Dixon looks at a review of an extensive body of literature around potential causal mechanisms and aggravating characteristics which aims to develop a clearer working model to inform practice.

[read the full story...]

Can early intervention reduce challenging behaviour in children with learning disabilities?

child_shutterstock_2406969 (2)

Children with learning disabilities are more likely to have challenging behaviours and as a result are more at risk of social exclusion, deprivation, physical harm and abuse.

In her debut blog, Alix Dixon considers the findings of a recent literature review of early interventions for children with challenging behaviours and their families.

[read the full story...]

Caries: review suggests a higher risk in HIV-infected children

shutterstock_156617546

This review included 5 case-controlled studies only 2 of which were at low risk of bias and suggested that HIV-infected children have a higher risk of cavitated caries in their primary teeth, OR = 2.98, 95% CI; 1.59-5.59.

[read the full story...]

Anxiety in young people with learning disabilities: prevalence and assessment

Upset6

Anxiety disorders are estimated to affect over 3% of children and young adults in the UK, but it is less clear how common such disorders might be amongst children and adolescents with learning disabilities.

Here, in his debut blog, Sam Jee looks at a systematic review which looks at what we know about the prevalence and measurement of anxiety in children and adolescents with learning disabilities.

[read the full story...]

Relationship training for children and family practitioners: does it work?

shutterstock_218033521

Martin Webber looks at a rare social work randomised controlled trial (RCT) on relationship training for practitioners working with children and families and finds that even findings from a study using ‘gold standard’ research methodology have to be carefully examined for reliability.

[read the full story...]

Study finds that non-conventional caries management approaches are acceptable to children, parents and dentists

shutterstock_54042145 - Child, dentists & X-ray

We are seeing a move towards more conservative methods of managing caries and also an increasing need to consider the patients perspectives of treatment. This study aimed to compare children’s behaviour and pain perception when approximal dentinal caries lesions in primary molars (in children aged 3–8 years old) were managed with three treatment strategies; conventional [read the full story…]

Interventions by non-specialists can improve outcomes for children with learning disabilities or lower-functioning Autism Spectrum Disorders in low income countries

children_shutterstock_632292641-150x150

The level of intellectual functioning for individuals with autism spectrum disorders is extremely variable, but estimates suggest that up to half of all those with an autism spectrum disorder also have an intellectual disability. Whilst neurodevelopmental disorders affect children worldwide, it is thought that these might be more prevalent in lower- and middle-income countries compared [read the full story…]