Palatal canines: open or closed surgical approaches?

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Two surgical approaches ( open and closed) for palatally displaced canines were compared in this multi-centre RCT. No differences in operating time was seen between the two approaches but those in the open group had more pain.

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Aligners v fixed appliances for orthodontic treatment

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8 mainly observational studies were included in this review of he effectiveness of clear aligners compared with fixed appliances for orthodontic treatment. The findings suggest no difference between to two approaches however the quality of the availabel evidence is low to very low.

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Orthodontic bracket systems: Is adhesive precoating better than operator coated?

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This review assessing whether adhesive precoated orthodontic brackets are more efficient than operator-coated brackets included 5 RCTs find no differences in failure rate between the two systems.

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Top Dental Elf Blogs: Sep – Dec 2018

The National Elf Service aims to close the gap between research and practice.

If this your idea of fun, do drop us a line.

Between September and December 2018 our most popular blogs considered guidelines for non-restorative options for caries management , orthodontic management of the developing dentition and aligners for orthodontic treatment.

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Vibrational devices: Do they accelerate orthodontic tooth movement?

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Only 5 small low quality RCTs were identified for this review of the ability of vibrational devices to increase the rate of orthodontic tooth movement. More well conducted RCTs are needed.

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Orthodontic patients: Reminders improved oral hygiene and compliance

Recent research has shown how behavioural activation can be delivered via smartphones.

14 RCTs were included in this review of the effect of different reminders on oral hygiene and compliance in orthodontic patients. For most outcomes measured beneficial effects were seen in the patients receiving reminders.

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Fixed orthodontic appliances- which type of archwire first?

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This Cochrane review of the effects of initial arch wires for the alignment of teeth with fixed orthodontic appliances includes 12 RCTs and updates a previous review. The review finds moderate quality evidence shows that archwires of coaxial superelastic nickel-titanium (NiTi) can produce greater tooth movement over 12 weeks than arch wires made of single-strand superelastic NiTi.

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Palatal implants for supplementing anchorage during orthodontic treatment

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27 studies were included in this review of the failure rates of palatal implants & mini-screws for supplementing anchorage during orthodontic treatment. Failure rates were low and similar for both implants & mini-screws.

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Canine tooth transplantation

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This review of canine autotransplantation included 6 low quality studies are suggests good survival although both resorption and ankylosis increase after 5 years

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