Clear aligners: little evidence available to support their effectiveness

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This review of clear aligners for orthodontic treatment only identified 4 small studies of limited quality providing little evidence to support their effectiveness.

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Orthodontic treatment outcomes for cleft lip and palate patients

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4o studies were included in this scoping review of orthodontic outcomes used with cleft lip and palate patients. The majority (68%) relate to morphological features of maloclussion with on 3 addressing quality of life issues and 2 health service utilisation.

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Mini-screw implants for orthodontic anchorage

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14 studies, 7 of which were RCTs were included in this review of min-screw implants to prevent anchorage loss during orthodontic treatment. The findings suggest a small but clinically important reducing in anchorage with mini-screw use. However more high quality studies and information on adverse effects is needed.

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Self-ligating brackets: Brace yourself! It’s time for some spring cleaning!

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The Scottish Dental Registrars on a recent systematic review of the effects of self-ligating brackets and conventional brackets on the periodontal status of adolescents undergoing orthodontic treatment.

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Class III malocclusion: early treatment with facemask beneficial

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This review of the early treatment of class III malocclusion identified 15 studies (9 RCTs, 6 CCTs) providing moderate quality evidence that early treatment with a facemask results in positive improvement for both skeletal and dental effects in the short term.

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Orthodontic extractions and third molar angulation

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This review of the effect of orthodontic extractions on the angulation of third molars included only 14 retrospective studies. This provides very low quality evidence of any effect

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Pain during orthodontic treatment: non-pharmacological interventions

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14 trials were included in this Cochrane review of non-pharmacological interventions for orthodontic pain. The findings were inconclusive although there is some evidence that low-level laser therapy may help.

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External root resorption diagnosis: cone-beam computed tomography or periapical radiographs?

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15 in-vitro studies were included in this review of CBCT & periapical radiographs for the diagnosis of external root resorption. It suggests that CBCT performs better however further research is needed the clinical an cost -effectiveness of its use.

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White spot lesions: available treatments may provide improvements

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This review of treatments for post orthodontic white spot lesions included 20 studies examining a wide variety of approaches. Modest benefits were seen in addition to daily use of fluoride toothpaste and furhter high quality studies are needed to identify the best approaches.

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Orthodontic retainers: impact on periodontal health

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While 24 studies were included in this review of the impact of orthodontic retainers on periodontal health there was a lack of high quality evidence to support any particular retainer on this or a range of other parameters. More well-designed and long terms studies are required.

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