Chlorhexidine mouthwash: Do anti-discolouration systems reduce effectiveness?

shutterstock_12720943-mouthwash

This review of the effectiveness of chlorhexidine mouthwash with an anti-discoloration system (ADS) is effective in preventing extrinsic tooth surface discoloration included 13 RCTs with the findings suggesting that ADS reduces staining but did not affect its properties with respect to gingival inflammation and plaque scores.

[read the full story...]

Toothbrushing in intensive care: Does it reduce the risk of ventilator-associated pneumonia?

shutterstock_19406029

This review of whether toothbrushing-based oral health measures, performed in intensive care units, can reduce the risk of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) included 12 RCTs with the findings suggesting a positive effect.

[read the full story...]

Oral hygiene programmes for people with intellectual disabilities

Teeth_clean2

This Cochrane review of oral hygiene interventions for people with intellectual difficulties included 34 studies (19 RCTs, 15 non-randomised studies) find some interventions provided benefits but their clinical importance was unclear.

[read the full story...]

Interdental cleaning devices for prevention and control of caries and periodontal disease

shutterstock_20598889-Floss

Thi Cochrane review evaluateingthe effectiveness of interdental cleaning devices used at home, in addition to toothbrushing, compared with toothbrushing alone, for preventing and controlling periodontal diseases, caries, and plaque includes 35 RCTs providing low to very low certainty evidence that floss or interdental brushes in addition to toothbrushing may reduce gingivitis or plaque, or both.

[read the full story...]

Fluoride toothpaste: Effects of different fluoride concentrations on caries

shutterstock_89901511

This Cochrane review of effectiveness of different fluoride concentrations of toothpaste in reducing dental caries updates the 2010 review and includes 96 RCTs. It provideds good evidence to support the benefits of using fluoride toothpaste in preventing caries and demonstrates a does response effect.

[read the full story...]

Oral care for nursing home residents

shutterstock_50920687 nurse and elderly patient holding hands

This Cochrane review of the effects of oral care on prevention of nursing home acquired pneumonia included 4 RCTs providing low quality evidence that oral care may reduce mortality.

[read the full story...]

Toothbrushing: fluoride toothpaste needed to reduce caries

shutterstock_26227375 toothbrushes and toothpaste

Three RCTs were included in this review of the association between personal oral hygiene and coronal dental caries. The findings suggest that in the absence of fluorides personal oral hygiene did not reduce the incidence of caries.

[read the full story...]

Oral health literacy, oral health behaviours and outcomes

literacy

This review of the association of oral health literacy with oral health behaviours and dental treatment related outcomes included 25 studies the majority being cross-sectional in nature. The available evidence is limited and further high quality studies are needed.

[read the full story...]

Supervised toothbrushing for children and adolescents

Brush_Teeth

Four studies were included in this review of supervised toothbrushing in children and adolescents. The evidence identified provides no conclusive evidence. However previous Cochrane reviews have suggested benefits on caries from supervised brushing.

[read the full story...]

Motivational Interviewing for adolescent oral health

iStock_000013941806XSmall teenagers queuing

This large well-conducted 3-arm cluster RCT compared motivational interviewing(MI) with prevailing health education. Both MI arms of the study were more effective in eliciting positive changes in adolescents’ oral health behaviours and preventing dental caries after 12 months.

[read the full story...]