Toothbrushes: are tapered or end-rounded filaments best?

shutterstock_49682539

This review of the effect of tapered or end-rounded filament toothbrushes on clinical parameters included just 5 RCTs providing inconclusive evidence to recommend one type over another.

[read the full story...]

Computer games for oral health education in young children

Behavioural and cognitive-behavioural group-based parenting interventions are effective at improving child conduct problems, parental mental health and parenting skills in the short term, in the parents of children aged 3-12.

This small RCT of a computer game to deliver oral health education in high caries risk children and families was highly satisfactory to users. Improvements in knowledge were demonstrated is the short term > however there was a high drop out rate an further studies are needed to assess change sin other groups and longer term benefits.

[read the full story...]

Periodontal treatment: outcomes from long-term conservative management

shutterstock_138231533

In patients with moderate to advanced periodontitis this longitudinal study demonstrated that long-term tooth retention is possible for compliant patients using a non-regenerative treatment concept.

[read the full story...]

Oral care for critically ill ventilated patients

shutterstock_19406029

38 RCTs were included in this Cochrane review update of oral health care in ventilated patients. High quality evidence was found to show that chlorhexidine mouthwash or gel reduces the risk of developing ventilator-associated pneumonia in critically ill patients from 25% to about 19%.

[read the full story...]

Toothpaste and plaque removal

Plaque off, Fluoride on. Brushing your teeth really is that simple.
Image: Adam Drewes (CC BY-NC-SA 2.0)

This review of the efficacy of brushing with and without a toothpaste for plaque removal identified 10 trials involving a total of 444 patients. While the results suggest no differences other reviews have demonstrated clear oral health benefits from brushing with toothpaste.

[read the full story...]

Community-based oral health promotion interventions

The review found that adding family-based interventions to school-based interventions may reduce the onset of smoking by 4-25%.

This Cochrane review of community-based oral health promotion interventions included 38 studies and suggests that interventions combining oral health education with supervised toothbrushing or professional preventive oral care can reduce dental caries in children.

[read the full story...]

Oral health advice for people with serious mental illness: lack of evidence about effectiveness

The research found that mindfulness helped more with the negative symptoms of schizophrenia

This Cochrane review update of oral health advice for patients with serious mental illness only included 3 RCTs. The identified studies were of low to moderate quality providing limited evidence to support decision making about the effectiveness of oral health advice for people with serious mental illness.

[read the full story...]

Periodontal treatment and prevention in Down syndrome patients

Teeth_clean2

Only 9 small studies were identified for this review of the prevention and treatment of periodontal disease in patients with Down’s syndrome. More high quality studies are needed to help inform clinical practice

[read the full story...]

Vitamin D status and caries associated?

vitd

Data from a cohort of children (6-11 years old) participating in the Canadian Health Measures Survey (CHMS) suggests an association between vitamin D status and dental caries. Children with 25(OH)D concentrations ≥75 nmol/L had a 39% lower odds of having experienced caries.

[read the full story...]