Breastfeeding and caries: New review supports earlier findings

"Breast is best" is the clear message to all new Mums, but should this advice be tailored for women with depression?

This new review on the effect of breastfeeding on caries supports the findings of earlier reviews that breastfeeding up to the age of 12 months has a protective effect for dental caries.

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Silver Diamine Fluoride can arrest caries in children

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This review of silver diamine fluoride (SDF) to arrest caries included 19 studies and suggest that 38% SDF can arrest 81% ( 68-89%) of active caries. . However none of the available studies was at low risk of bias so the findings should be interpreted cautiously.

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Dental caries and secondhand smoke associated

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This Japanese cohort study analysed data for 76,920 children born between 2004 and 2010 attending routine health checkups finding that exposure to tobacco smoke at 4 months of age was associated with an approximately twofold increased risk of caries.

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Caries risk assessment programmes in pre-school children

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Identifying children at greatest risk of caries in order to optimize preventive activity has been a goal of  the dental profession for many a long year and a number of reviews of potential risk factors have been conducted ( see Dental Elf 10th Dec 2012).  This study aimed to assess a number of caries risk [read the full story…]

Use of infant nutrition guidance did not lead to a significant reduction in early childhood caries

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Early childhood caries remains a significant problem in many parts of the world and has been defined by the American Dental Association as:- the presence of one or more decayed (non-cavitated or cavitated lesions), missing (due to caries) or filled tooth surfaces in any primary tooth in a preschool-age child between birth and 71 months [read the full story…]

Risk factors for early childhood caries

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Caries in children aged 71 months and younger or early childhood caries (ECC) has been reported with a prevalence of between 20 and 80% in some populations.  The aim of this review was two fold, to assess the association between the acquisition of oral cariogenic bacteria and caries outcomes in infants and to identify the [read the full story…]

Maternal counselling using a motivational-interviewing approach reduced caries in indigenous children

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The aim of this trial was to test the use of motivational interviewing (MI) as an approach to control caries in indigenous children. This cluster-randomised trial was conducted in Cree communities in Quebec. Cree women who recently had given birth or were between the 12th and 34th weeks of pregnancy were recruited. Mothers allocated to [read the full story…]

Early childhood caries – maternal factors and early colonization of oral bacteria

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The American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry define Early childhood caries (ECC) as the presence of one or more decayed (cavitated or non-cavitated lesions), missing (due to caries), or filled tooth surfaces in any primary tooth in a child younger than 71 months of age. This aim of this review was twofold to assess the relationship [read the full story…]

Parental influences on early childhood caries

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The broad aim of this review was to look at the literature that has assessed the role of parental influences in early childhood caries (ECC).  The authors had 4 questions they were hoping to address. What parental variables have been studied within the context of dental caries development in young children aged 0–6 years? What [read the full story…]

Daily use of chlorhexidine gel in addition to regular brushing with low fluoride toothpaste did not provide additional reductions in early childhood caries

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Early childhood caries (ECC) remains a challenge for many communities. Chlorhexidine (CHX) is a common oral antiseptic with effective bactericidal activity against mutans streptococci (MS) and early colonisation of the oral cavity by MS has been identified as a risk factor for ECC. The aim of this study was to test whether the daily application [read the full story…]