Hypotensive anaesthesia: effective in reducing blood loss in orthognathic surgery

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The potential use of hypotensive anaesthesia for maxillofacial surgery was first noted in the 1950s. Since then a number of studies have been reported on the effects of hypotensive anaesthesia in relation to blood loss operating time and surgical field quality producing conflicting results. The aim of this review was to evaluate the efficacy of [read the full story…]

Endodontic postoperative pain: which non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug?

This RCT does not establish equivalence between mindfulness-based cognitive therapy and antidepressants for recurrent depression.

The review of NSAIDs for endodontic postoperative pain suggests that NSAIDs are effective. A combination of ibuprofen 600 mg and acetaminophen 1000 mg and Ibuprofen 600 mg were both effective. More studies are need to assess teh most effective NSAIDs dosages and does intervals.

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Orthodontic extractions and third molar angulation

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This review of the effect of orthodontic extractions on the angulation of third molars included only 14 retrospective studies. This provides very low quality evidence of any effect

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Mandibular implant overdentures: Impact on patient based outcomes.

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Mark-Steven Howe writes his debut blog on an updated review by Kodoma et al on the efficacy of the mandibular 2-implant overdenture.

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Pain during orthodontic treatment: non-pharmacological interventions

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14 trials were included in this Cochrane review of non-pharmacological interventions for orthodontic pain. The findings were inconclusive although there is some evidence that low-level laser therapy may help.

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Retrograde root filling: insufficient evidence for best material

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The Cochrane review of of materials for retrograde root filling identified 6 RCTs all at high risk of bias. The trials provide insufficient evidence to draw any conclusion as to the benefits of any one material over another so more high quality studies are needed.

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Top Dental Elf Blogs of 2016

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During 2016 the Dental Elves has published 158 blogs covering a broad range of topics. The most popular blogs of each month are highlighted.

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Cryotherapy to reduce pain and swelling after facial surgery

Bariatric surgery and marked weight loss is likely to improve knee complaints but there is a need for high quality studies

This review of postoperative hilothrarpy (cryotherapy) in facial surgery included 6 RCTs none of which were at low risk of bias. The findings suggest that it reduces swelling and pain in the early postoperative period. However more high quality studies from a broader range of researches are needed to confirm the findings.

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External root resorption diagnosis: cone-beam computed tomography or periapical radiographs?

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15 in-vitro studies were included in this review of CBCT & periapical radiographs for the diagnosis of external root resorption. It suggests that CBCT performs better however further research is needed the clinical an cost -effectiveness of its use.

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