Aggressive periodontitis: is photodynamic therapy beneficial?

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This review looked at the effectiveness of antimicrobial photodynamic therapy as an adjunctive treatment to scaling and root polishing for aggressive periodontitis. Seven small studies suggest that it may be beneficial in the short term.

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Study finds better oral hygiene improved oral lichen planus

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This small randomised trial found improvements in quality of life for patients with oral lichen planus at both 4 weeks and 20 weeks following implementation of a structured oral hygiene instruction.

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Oral lichen planus: is topical tacrolimus better than clobetasol?

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Ten small RCTs were included in this review. They suggest that topical tacrolimus is more efficacious than clobetasol for oral lichen planus.

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Articaine better than lidocaine for supplementary infiltration after mandibular block anaesthesia

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10 studies involving 746 adult patients were included in this review comparing articaine and lidocaine in patients with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis. Articaine was as effective as lidocaine and provided better supplementary infiltration after mandibular block but no other advantages.

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Sealants reduced caries in high-risk primary molars

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This split-mouth trial conducted in 4-5 year old children found that sealants were superior to fluoride varnish applications in preventing the development and progression of caries in occlusal surfaces of primary molars over 1 year.

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Caries risk factors identified in life course approach studies

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11 studies (7 cohort, 4 cross-sectional) were identified for this review of caries risk factors identified by life course approach studies. Different life course factors were associated with the development of dental caries among children and adolescents, including sociodemographic, biological, psychological, and oral health behaviors, as well as the dental status of mothers, children, and adolescents.

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Eugenol-based sealers reduced bond strength of fibre posts

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This review of the impact of eugenol-based sealers on the bond strengths for fibre posts cemented to root canals included 9 in-vitro studies. The eugenol-based sealants reduced the bond strength by 0.8 MPa.

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Pulpectomy in primary molars: little difference with 3 filing materials

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This small trial compared the success rates of 3 different filling materials (RC Fill, Vitapex and Pulpdent ) following pulpectomy in primary molars. At 30 months there were no significant differences between the groups.

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Anterior open bite: limited evidence for current treatment approaches

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While 22 studies were included in this review of the treatment of anterior open bite, only 3 were RCTs. The RCTs and the other included studies were of low quality and a wide range of treatment approaches and appliances were used. Further high quality trials are needed to guide clinical practice.

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Fixed functional appliances for class II malocclusions

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This review of fixed functional appliances for treatment of class II malocclusion included 9 studies, only one of which was a RCT. The findings suggest that fixed functional appliances are effective at producing short term improvements in class II malocclusions but should be interpreted with caution because of the quality of the available evidence.

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