Temporomandibular disorders – insufficient evidence for or against impact of conservative therapies on otologic signs and symptoms

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Eight studies were included in this review of the effect of conservative temporomandibular therapies on otologic symptoms . While most suggested an improvement the quality of the available evidence is limited.

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Ferrule effect improved outcomes in endodontically treated teeth?

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The majority of the included studies in this review of the ferrule effect in-vitro studies ( 32 out of 37) and while they indicate greater longevity in teeth with ferrules further information is needed from clinical studies.

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Periodontal disease and quality of life

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Eight different assessment tools were used to assess quality of life for this review of the impact of periodontal disease on quality of life. 28 out of 37 studies reported a significant effect with 8 studies reporting an increasing impact with greater disease severity or extent.

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Infraorbital nerve block for postoperative pain following cleft lip repair in children

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This Cochrane review of Infraorbital nerve block for postoperative pain after cleft lip repair includes 8 trials providing low to very low quality evidence that infraorbital nerve block with lignocaine or bupivacaine may reduce postoperative pain more than placebo

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Lingual fixed orthodontic appliances: insufficient evidence of effectiveness

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11 studies were identified for this review of lingual fixed orthodontic appliances. while some benefits were suggested the quality of the available studies was very low providing insufficient evidence of the effectiveness of lingual appliances.

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Dental Erosion – incidence and progression high in adolescents

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This cohort study followed 13-14 year old Swedish adolescents over 4 years finding high incidence and prevalence of erosion, with higher levels being seen in males.

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Probiotics – insufficient evidence supporting use to manage caries or periodontal disease

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This review of probiotics use for caries and periodontal disease management identified 50 studies. Most focused on surrogate outcomes (bacterial counts) and the overall quality of the evidence supporting probiotic therapy was graded as very low for all outcomes.

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Psychosocial correlates of oral hygiene behaviour in children and adolescents

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This review included 31 data sets from 24 papers and indicates that ‘self-efficacy’, ‘intention’, ‘social influences’, ‘coping planning’ and ‘action planning’ are potential psychosocial determinants of oral health behaviour.

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Narrow dental implants – good survival at 2 years suggests review

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This review of narrow titanium–zirconium alloy (Ti–Zr) implants included 9 studies ( 2 RCTs) which suggest good survival rates (>95%) after 2 years.

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Post-orthodontic white spot lesions – lack of reliable evidence for management strategies

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Only 8 studies at high risk of bias were available for this review of treatments for post orthodontic white spot lesions (WSLs) . They provide little reliable evidence to support remineralising or camouflaging strategies to manage WSLs.

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