Malocclusion and dental caries

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This review of malocclusion and the severity of dental caries among children and adolescents in the permanent dentition included 5 cross-sectional studies suggesting an association. However the quality of the evidence is limited so should be interpreted cautiously.

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Titanium or biodegradable osteosyntheses in orthognathic surgery?

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This review assessing the efficacy and morbidity of biodegradable vs. titanium osteosyntheses in orthognathic surgery included 33 studies 11 of which were RCTs. The findings suggest that biodegradable osteosyntheses is a valid alternative to titanium osteosyntheses for orthognathic surgery, but the quality of evidence is low.

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Traumatic dental injuries in primary teeth

Can the physically active, playful environments of pre-school settings provide a blueprint for obesity prevention in primary schools?

This review of the prevalence of traumatic dental injuries (TDI) in primary teeth and factos associated with TDI includes 21 cross-sectional studies.

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Malocclusion, orthodontic treatment and oral health

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This review looked at both the impact of malocclusion and the impact of orthodontic treatment on oral health. While a large number of studies met the inclusion criteria the heterogeneity of the studies their outcome measures and a a lack of studies to specifically address the questions of this review.

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Mandibular angle fractures: Does presence of third molars in fracture line affect postoperative complications?

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This review of whether the presence of the lower third molar in the mandibular angle fracture line is associated with postoperative complications included 34 studies. The quality of teh included studies was low to very low so the findings should be viewed cautiously.

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Clear aligner orthodontic treatment

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This review assessing the predictability of clear aligners and treatment outcomes of clear aligner therapy compared with fixed appliance therapy included 7 small studies of limited quality.

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Malocclusion in Down syndrome children and adolescents

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This review of the occurence of maloclusion in children/adolescents with Down syndrome included 11 studies and suggests a higher prevalence of malocclusion.

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Orthodontic treatment for class II division I malocclusion

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27 RCTs were identified for this Cochrane review update early v late orthodontic treatment for class II div 1 malocclusion. The main advantage of early treatment was a reduction of incisal trauma.

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Orthodontic treatment for Class II division 2 malocclusion: No randomised trial evidence

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This Cochrane review of orthodontic treatment for class II div 2 malocclusion updates the previous 2006 version. No RCTs or CCTs were identified so It is not possible to provide any evidence-based guidance to recommend or discourage any type of orthodontic treatment to correct Class II division 2 malocclusion in children.

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Malocclusion: Is it associated with duration of breastfeeding?

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31 observational studies were included in this review of breastfeeding and malocclusion . This findings suggests that it may be protective against posterior crossbite and class II malocclusion. However as teh studies are largely retrospective the findings should be interpreted with caution.

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