Orthodontic treatment outcomes for cleft lip and palate patients

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4o studies were included in this scoping review of orthodontic outcomes used with cleft lip and palate patients. The majority (68%) relate to morphological features of maloclussion with on 3 addressing quality of life issues and 2 health service utilisation.

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Class III malocclusion: early treatment with facemask beneficial

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This review of the early treatment of class III malocclusion identified 15 studies (9 RCTs, 6 CCTs) providing moderate quality evidence that early treatment with a facemask results in positive improvement for both skeletal and dental effects in the short term.

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Headgear treatment for Class II malocclusions?

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Only 5 of the 18 trials included in this review of headgear for the treatment of class II malocclusions were randomised while a short-term reduction of the SNA angle was noted the quality of the studies was high.

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Patient expectations of orthodontic treatment – research currently of poor quality

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This review of patient expectations of orthodontic treatment included 13 studies but found that the methodological quality was poor so recommended that future studies are needed based on well constructed theory.

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Impact of malocclusion on oral health related quality of life is small

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40 cross-sectional studies involving a range or oral health related quality of life measures were included in this review. They found that malocclusion has a small impact on oral health related quality of life.

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Class II malocclusion- premolar extraction and soft tissue profile

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This review looked at the impact of premolar extraction on soft tissue profile in class II division 1 malocclusions. 13 studies were included the majority being retrospective. There is some evidence to suggest an increase in the nasolabial angle but the quality is limited.

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Class II malocclusion- what factors predict sagittal stability after treatment?


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Factors affecting relapse after treatment of class II malocclusion was investigated in this review. Only 17 retrospected studies met the review criteria providing limited evidence to support the influence of factors predictive of sagittal stability following orthodontic treatment.

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Fixed functional appliances for class II malocclusions

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This review of fixed functional appliances for treatment of class II malocclusion included 9 studies, only one of which was a RCT. The findings suggest that fixed functional appliances are effective at producing short term improvements in class II malocclusions but should be interpreted with caution because of the quality of the available evidence.

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Malocclusion: review finds that it has an adverse effect on quality of life

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Following on from a review we looked at earlier in the week about the impact of orthodontic treatment on quality of life we look at a review considering whether malocclusion affects quality of life. 6 studies were included and malocclusion was considered to have a negative impact.

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Early orthodontic treatment may reduce incisal trauma in children with class II malocclusions

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This is the latest update of a Cochrane review looking at the treatment of class II malocclusion.  This is a common problem affecting about one in four of 12 year-olds in the UK.    The aim of the review was to assess the effects of orthodontic treatment for prominent upper front teeth (Class II malocclusion) when [read the full story…]