Local anaesthetics for preventing pain during dental treatment

shutterstock_40200184

123 RCTs were included in this Cochrane review of local anaesthetic agents for preventing pain during dental treatment. 14 types of local anaesthetic were included evidence to support the use of one over another was limited so further research is needed to clarify the effectiveness and safety of one local anaesthetic over another.

[read the full story...]

Articaine: is it more effective than lidocaine in paediatric dentistry?

shutterstock_54042145 - Child, dentists & X-ray

This review comparing articaine and lidocaine for local anesthesia use in children only identified 6 low quality studies. Little difference was seen between the two agents.

[read the full story...]

Buffering local anaesthetics to reduce dental injection pain?

shutterstock_17571817- injection

14 RCTs were included in this review of the effect of buffering local anaesthetics in reducing infiltration pain and anaesthesia onset time in dentistry. While slight reductions in onset time was seen in inflamed tissues and for IAN block these were not considered to be clinically significant. However the overall quality of the evidence was low.

[read the full story...]

Articaine better than lidocaine for supplementary infiltration after mandibular block anaesthesia

shutterstock_38907805

10 studies involving 746 adult patients were included in this review comparing articaine and lidocaine in patients with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis. Articaine was as effective as lidocaine and provided better supplementary infiltration after mandibular block but no other advantages.

[read the full story...]

Inferior alveolar nerve block: mepivacaine-lidocaine no better than lidocaine alone suggests trial

shutterstock_17571817- injection

This well conducted and reported trial found that there was no difference between 3% mepivacaine & 2% lidocaine with 1:100,000 epinephrine and 2 cartridges of 2% lidocaine with 1:100,000 epinephrine in terms of injection pain, onset time, and pulpal anesthetic success for the IAN block.

[read the full story...]

Lidocaine: trial suggests that buffering may not improve success of inferior alveolar nerve block

shutterstock_38907805

A 2010 Cochrane review that was not able to include any dental studies did find that buffering lidocaine decreased pain on injection and augmented patient comfort and satisfaction. This new dental trial included 80 patients with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis but found no significant difference with success rates with buffered lidocaine.

[read the full story...]

Bupivacaine may reduce post-operative pain in patients having single visit root canal treatment

shutterstock_17046487- endodontic treatment

Elimination of pain during and after root canal treatment is an important element of patient care and modern endodontic practice.  The aim of this study was to compare the postoperative pain and analgesic use after single-visit root canal treatment of acute irreversible pulpitis with either bupivacaine (a long-acting anaesthetic) or lidocaine. Patients with a first [read the full story…]

Side effects of local anaesthetics

shutterstock_40200184

Local anaesthetic use is widespread in dentistry and while lidocaine has been in use for more than 50 years an increasing number of agents are now available. The aim of this study was to analyze adverse drug reactions (ADRs) associated with local anesthetics (LAs) and to characterize the safety profile of LAs in clinical application. [read the full story…]

Evidence suggests that 4% articaine provides superior pulpal anaesthesia to 2% lidocaine

shutterstock_17571817- injection

The ability to provide pain- free dentistry is important  and the American Dental Association Center for Evidence-Based Dentistry (ADA-EBD)has just published this critical summary of  a 2011 systematic review by Brandt et al . The review compares the efffecacy  of  two local anaesthetics ( 4% articaine and 2% lidocaine)   in providing successful pulpal anaesthesia. The [read the full story…]

Increasing the pH of lidocaine solution decreases pain on injection and improves patient comfort and satisfaction

shutterstock_17571817- injection

This is a critical appraisal of a Cochrane review first published in December 2010.  The appraisal was prepared under the auspices of the American Dental Associations Centre for Evidence-based Dentistry The objective of the Cochrane review was to determine if adjusting the pH of lidocaine had any effect on pain resulting from non-intravascular injections in [read the full story…]