Oral erythroplakia: malignant transformation rate

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This review of the malignant development rate of oral erythroplakia and associated risk factors included 10 studies involving a total of 441 patients. Meta-analysis of 3 studies suggest a malignant development rate = 19.9% (95%CI; -1.6% to 41.4%).

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Burning mouth syndrome – topical interventions

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This review assessing the effectiveness of topical interventions in the management of burning mouth syndrome (BMS), based on the core outcome domains recommended by the Initiative on Methods, Measurement, and Pain Assessment in Clinical Trials (IMMPACT) includes 8 RCTs and higlights the need to apply standardised outcome measures in future studies.

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Chronic ulcerative stomatitis: Clinical and immunological features

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In this blog Iris Vaid looks at a review of chronic ulcerative stomatitis (CUS) a rare mucous membrane condition that presents clinically as non-specific ulcerated or erosive lesions. The review included 81 cases reported in 25 papers.

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Comparison of topical antifungal agents for oral candidiasis treatment

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This review comparing the efficacy and safety of topical antifungal drugs for oral candidiasis in children and adults included 11 RCTs 9 of which concerned adults and 2 children. The findings support the use of fluconazole and amphotericin B for adults.

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Medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ): Prevention and treatment

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This Cochrane review update of interventions for the prevention or treatment of medication-relatesd osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) included 13 RCTs. However the studies provided insufficient to either claim or refute a benefit of the interventions tested for prophylaxis or treatment of MRONJ.

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Nicotine replacement therapy – oral side effects

For inpatients with psychiatric symptoms of moderate severity, the study suggests those using nicotine inhalers were most successful overall in their quit attempts. There were no severe adverse reactions to the NRTs.

This review of the evidence on possible association between locally delivered nicotine replacement therapy(NRT) and oral side effects included 28 RCTs. Most of the RCTs were at high risk of bias mainly because of allocation concealment concerns. Reported oral side effects including oral soreness, gastric reflux or vomiting, and mouth or throat irritation.

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Iron deficiency anaemia and early childhood caries

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This review assessing a potential association between early childhood caries (ECC) and iron deficiency anaemia (IDA) included 14 studies. While the findings showed an association between ECC and IDA the certainty of the evidence was very low so the findings should be interpreted very cautiously,

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Additives to lidocaine and the success of the inferior alveolar nerve block

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This review of the effect of additives incorporated into lidocaine solution on the success of inferior alveolar nerve block (IANB) included 12 RCTs. The findings suggest that additives did not improve the success rate of IANB but the evidence is of low to very low certainty.

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Antibiotics to prevent bacterial endocarditis following dental procedures

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This Cochrane review update of antibiotic prophylaxis before invasive dental procedures in people at risk or at high risk of bacterial endocarditis included one case-controlled study. Consequently, there is no clear evidence about whether antibiotic prophylaxis is effective or ineffective against bacterial endocarditis in at-risk people who are about to undergo an invasive dental procedure.

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Ibuprofen prior to lower third molar removal

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This review of the effect of pre-emptive ibuprofen on post-operative pain after lower third molar surgery included 5 RCTs. Only one of the included studies was at low risk of bias so there is insufficient evidence to support the routine use of pre-emptive ibuprofen to reduce post-operative pain after lower third molar removal

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