Oral Health in people with dementia

This study is the first of its kind from an RCT perspective which clearly shows that treating major depression in older adults using interventions in primary care settings can extend life

This review of oral health in older people with dementia included 37 mainly observational studies of limited quality. The findings suggest that oral health was generally poorer in those with dementia.

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Toothbrushes: are tapered or end-rounded filaments best?

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This review of the effect of tapered or end-rounded filament toothbrushes on clinical parameters included just 5 RCTs providing inconclusive evidence to recommend one type over another.

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Panoramic radiography for predicting inferior alveolar nerve injury after third molar surgery

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This review of panoramic radiography for IAN injury prediction after third molar surgery included 8 studies calculating key diagnostic data fro the 7 classical used signs. Values were to low to rule out post-operative damage before surgery but some siigns could rule in risk of injury.

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Mandibular overdentures and impact on oral health

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This review assessed patient satisfaction with mandibular implant overdentures using the Oral Health Impact Profile. Only 5 RCTs were included and findings suggest that implant supported overdentures perform better than conventional dentures.

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Post-retained single crowns performance linked to amount of coronal structure

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This review of post-retained crowns on endodontically treated teeth included 9 RCTs. Findings suggest that that the number of remaining coronal walls and the use of posts are key factors for the success/ survival of these restorations. However the quality of the available evidence is low.

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Single restorations on root filled posterior teeth

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5 studies at high risk of bias were included in this review of the success of restoration in posterior root filled teeth findings suggest that the more tooth remaining teh better the treatment outcome.

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Periodontitis and type II diabetes

The prevalence of type 2 diabetes in patients with schizophrenia is about one-third higher than in the general population.

This prospective cohort study included 1331 58–72-year old men from Northern Ireland suggests an association between moderate to severe periodontitis and type II diabetes.

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Computer games for oral health education in young children

Behavioural and cognitive-behavioural group-based parenting interventions are effective at improving child conduct problems, parental mental health and parenting skills in the short term, in the parents of children aged 3-12.

This small RCT of a computer game to deliver oral health education in high caries risk children and families was highly satisfactory to users. Improvements in knowledge were demonstrated is the short term > however there was a high drop out rate an further studies are needed to assess change sin other groups and longer term benefits.

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Dental Implant survival in patients with aggressive periodontitis

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7 prospective cohort studies were included in this review of dental implant survival in patients with periodontitis. Patients with aggressive periodontitis has statistically significant lower survival rates at 3 years but the quality of the evidence is limited.

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Parotid gland tumours and mobile phone use?

The study used data from a previous telephone survey, which focused on depression, concussion and brain injury, amongst other things

This review of parotid gland tumours and mobile phone use included 3 case-controlled studies and hints at a possible association. However the limited evidence means that the findings should be viewed very cautiously.

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