Third molars: Factors associated with surgical difficulty

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This review of variables associated with surgical difficulty in the extraction of third molars included 16 prospective cohort studies suggesting a number of variable that may be associated with surgical difficulty.

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Bone regeneration: Is cortical perforation a benefit?

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This review of the effect of cortical perforations in bone regeneration considering the surgical technique included 16 small studies. All but one of teh studies was conducted in an animal model providing very little clinically relevant data.

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Potassium iodide: Does it reduce silver diamine fluoride induced tooth staining?

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This review of the effectiveness of potassium iodide (KI) in reducing staining after silver diamine fluoride use identified just 6 studies 5 of which were conducted in-vitro providing little clinically relevant evidence for the use of KI.

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Overdentures: Single implant retention

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This review of the the survival and complication rates of single implant retained mandibular overdentures included 17 studies (9 RCTs). While the findings suggest they are effective the available studies are small with only 3 providing follow-up of longer than two years.

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Primary teeth: Efficacy of 3 caries removal strategies

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This review of the efficacy of 3 caries removal strategies (complete, selective and stepwise) in primary teeth included 8 RCTs suggesting a lower risk of pulp exposure with selective and stepwise approaches.

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Oral Lichen Planus: Is treatment with corticosteroids safe and effective?

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This Cochrane review of the efficacy and safety of corticosteroids for the treatment of people with oral lichen planus(OLP) included 35 RCTs suggesting that they may be more effective than placebo for reducing the pain of symptomatic OLP but the reliability of the finding is low.

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Local anaesthetic for dental treatment: interventions to improve acceptance in children

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Twenty six RCTs were included in this Cochrane systematic review of methods for the acceptance of local anaesthesia (LA) in children and adolescents during dental treatment. However the trials did not provide sufficient evidence to draw firm conclusions as to the best interventions

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Caries prevalence in preterm and low birth weight children

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This review of the prevalence of dental caries in preschool children born preterm and/or with a low birth weight included 59 observational studies suggesting caries prevelence was similar to full term children of normal weight. However, the certainty of teh evidence was very low.

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Pulpal anaesthesia for symptomatic irreversible pulpitis in mandibular molars

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Colin Levey takes a look at this network meta-analysis of 46 RCTs assessing techniques and drugs for achieving pulpal anaesthesia for the non-surgical endodontic treatment of mandibular molars.

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FiCTION Trial: the cost effectiveness of dental caries management in primary teeth

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THe FiCTION trial examied 3 strategies for the management of dental caries in primary teeth of children aged 3 to 7yrs in the UK This summarises the detailed cost-effectiveness element of that mult-centre RCT in primary care.

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