Human Papilloma Virus in oral potentially malignant disorders

Human Papilloma Virus

In this blog Manás Dave looks at a review of the prevalence of human papilloma virus (HPV) in oral potentially malignant disorders (OPMD). Although 52 studies were included one in five OPMDs being HPV positive is not a substantial link so teh findings need to be interpreted cautiously.

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Root canal disinfection: Sodium hypochlorite or chlorhexidine?

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This review comparing the antimicrobial efficacy of chlorhexidine (CHX) and sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) in root canal disinfection included 8 small RCTs. While teh findings suggest that CHX and NaOCL have similar efficacy the certainty of teh availabel evidence is low.

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Interproximal caries detection: near-infrared light transillumination (NILT) compared to bitewing radiograph

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This review of the accuracy of the near-infrared light transillumination (NILT) for the detection of interproximal dental caries in permanent dentition included 13 studies with 6 contributing to a meta-analasis. Findings suggest that NILT is reasonably comparable to bitewings.

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Palatally Displaced Permanent Canines: Interceptive management

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This review of orthodontic procedures for the management of displaced permanent canines in the mixed dentition. 5 RCTs, all at high risk of bias were identified with treatment comparisons being mainly based on single studies.

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Subgingival instrumentation for treating periodontitis

gum disease, scale and polish

This review evaluating the efficacy of subgingival instruments for the treatment of periodontitis included 19 RCTs. The findings show that mechanical subgingival instrumentation is efficacious in the nonsurgical treatment of periodontitis, irrespective of type of instrument or mode of delivery.

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Non-surgical periodontal treatment and oral health related quality of life

plaque,calculus,periodontal disease

This review of the evidence for the relationship between non-surgical periodontal therapy (NSPT) and patient-based outcomes included 13 mainly observational studies. While the findings suggest that NSPT improves oral health related quality of life but the quality of the evidence is limited.

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Radioprotective measures in children undergoing dental radiography

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In this blog Manas Dave looks at a systematic review of radioprotective measures for children undergoing dental radiography. The review was conducted to assist the the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry update of radioprotective guidelines for dental radiography in children.

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Hypomineralisation and drugs used during pregnancy and infancy

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Manas Dave looks at this systematic review of the association between hypomineralised second primary molars (HSPM) and drug use during pregnancy and the first year of life

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Third molars: Which surgical technique for removal?

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This Cochrane review upate compares the relative benefits and risks of different techniques for surgical removal of mandibular wisdom teeth. While the review includes 25 new trials the quality of the studies was variable with many having biases that could have influenced the findings so no meaningful conclusions could be drawn.

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Powered Air-Purifying Respirator (PAPR) use for prevention of highly infectious viral disease in healthcare workers

PAPR Hood

Mark-Steven Howe takes a look at a preprint of a systematic review that evaluates the effect of Powered Air Purifying Respirators (PAPRs)for respiratory protection compared with N95/FFP2 masks on HCW infection rates and contamination.

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