Third molars: Envelope or triangular flap for mandibular third molar surgery?

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This review comparing the effects of envelope and triangular flaps for mandibular third molar surgery included 20 RCTs involving 770 patients. A majority of the studies were of cross-over design with the findings suggesting no differences in teh outcomes between the two flap designs.

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Post-endodontic pain: Is it reduced by occlusal reduction?

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This review of the efficacy of occlusal reduction on the management of post-operative endodontic pain included 6 small RCTs of high risk of bias. The fidings suggested non benefitc from occlusal reduction in the first 48 hours but some benefit at 72 hours. However the findings should be viewed cautiously because of the limited study quality.

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Antibiotic prophylaxis for dental implants in healthy patients, is it necessary?

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This review of the efficacy of antibiotic prophylaxis in dental implant placement for prevention of post-operative infection included 10 RCTs analysis indicatingthat antibiotic prophylaxis may not be necessary in health patients.

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Post endodontic pain: Is it affected by type of instrumentation?

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17 studies, none of which were at low risk of bias, were included in this review of the effect of type of instrumentation on post endodontic pain. The findings suggest lower incidence and intensity of postoperative pain with rotary instruments compared to hand files.

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Prednisolone for post-endodontic pain?

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This randomised controlled trial of a single, preoperative oral dose of prednisolone on post-endodontic pain involved 400 patients demonstrating a significant reduction in pain at 6,12 and 24 hours.

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Pulp capping carious exposures in adults: calcium hydroxide or MTA?

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This small but well conducted RCT compares the effectiveness of MTA and calcium hydroxide for direct pulp capping material in adult molars with carious pulpal exposure finding better performance for MTA at 3 years.

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Endodontic pain can be managed with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs

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This review of the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for the management of post endodontic pain demonstrates that they do help to manage the pain.

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Endodontic postoperative pain: which non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug?

Many drugs are licensed for use in Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD), but it is unclear what works best.

The review of NSAIDs for endodontic postoperative pain suggests that NSAIDs are effective. A combination of ibuprofen 600 mg and acetaminophen 1000 mg and Ibuprofen 600 mg were both effective. More studies are need to assess teh most effective NSAIDs dosages and does intervals.

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Root canal treatment: single or multiple visits?

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This Cochrane review update included 25 RCTs comparing single verses multiple root canal treatment approaches. They found no evidence to suggest that one treatment regimen is better than the other.

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Do analgesics before dental treatment reduce post treatment pain in children?

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This Cochrane review found 5 RCTs of pre-op analgesics prior to dental treatment for children under local anaesthetic. The evidence as insufficient to determine a benefit but there may be a benefit prior to orthodontic band placement. Further high quality studies are needed.

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