Third molar surgery: Does low-level laser therapy reduce post-operative morbidity?

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This review of whether low-level laser therapy (LLLT) is effective in reducing postoperative morbidity in patients undergoing surgical removal of mandibular third molars included 17 RCTs. The findings suggest a reduction in post-operative swelling but not pain or trismus.

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Post-operative endodontic symptoms: Are they improved by prophylactic antibiotics?

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This review of the efficacy of prophylactic oral antibiotics in the management of post-operative endodontic symptoms included 10 RCTs. The findings and show that there is no superiority in using adjunctive antibiotics for the prevention of post-operative endodontic symptoms.

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Tooth extraction: Do antibiotics prevent complications?

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This Cochrane review update of the effect of systemic antibiotic prophylaxis on the prevention of infectious complications following tooth extractions included 23 studies. There was very-low certainty evidence that prophylactic antibiotics may reduce the risk of infection and dry socket following third molar extraction compared to placebo.

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Endodontic retreatment:Post-operative pain in single or multiple visits

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This review assessing the postoperative pain after non- surgical endodontic retreatment in a one visit compared to multiple visits included 4 RCTs. The availabe evidence suggests little difference between teh two approaches.

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Third molar extractions: Which anaesthetic solution for the best pain control?

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This review of the effectiveness of different anaesthetic solutions for pain control immediately after the extraction of lower third molars included 45 studies.13 studies were included in a network meta-analys whch suggested 5% bupivacaine reduces pain in patients during and immediately after the removal of lower third molars.

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Occlusal reduction: Does it reduce post endodontic pain?

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This review of the effect of occlusal reduction on post-operative pain following root canal treatment included 7 RCTs. While the findings suggest that occlusal reduction may reduce post endodontic pain the quality of the available evidence is very low so teh findings should be viewed cautiously.

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Third molars: Envelope or triangular flap for mandibular third molar surgery?

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This review comparing the effects of envelope and triangular flaps for mandibular third molar surgery included 20 RCTs involving 770 patients. A majority of the studies were of cross-over design with the findings suggesting no differences in teh outcomes between the two flap designs.

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Post-endodontic pain: Is it reduced by occlusal reduction?

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This review of the efficacy of occlusal reduction on the management of post-operative endodontic pain included 6 small RCTs of high risk of bias. The fidings suggested non benefitc from occlusal reduction in the first 48 hours but some benefit at 72 hours. However the findings should be viewed cautiously because of the limited study quality.

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Antibiotic prophylaxis for dental implants in healthy patients, is it necessary?

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This review of the efficacy of antibiotic prophylaxis in dental implant placement for prevention of post-operative infection included 10 RCTs analysis indicatingthat antibiotic prophylaxis may not be necessary in health patients.

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Post endodontic pain: Is it affected by type of instrumentation?

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17 studies, none of which were at low risk of bias, were included in this review of the effect of type of instrumentation on post endodontic pain. The findings suggest lower incidence and intensity of postoperative pain with rotary instruments compared to hand files.

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