Anaesthetic techniques for mandibular posterior teeth with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis

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This review of the most effective method of anaesthesia for mandibular posterior teeth with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis included 22 RCTs. The findings suggest that buccal infiltraion and inferior alveolar nerve block ,Vazirani-Akinosi nerve block and introsseus injections performed better but the evidence was only of low to very low certainty.

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Endodontic diagnosis – conventional radiography versus cone beam computed tomography

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Mark-Steven Howe looks at this is diagnostic test accuracy review comparing conventional and cone-beam computed tomography for detecting persistent apical disease after root canal treatment.

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Which retrograde root filling material?

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This Cochrane review update of different materials used for retrograde root filling in children and adults requiring retrograde filling included 8 RCTs. However the studies are all at high risk of bias so provide insufficient evidence for the benefits of any one material.

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Vital pulp therapy in permanent teeth

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This review aimed to evaluate the association of preoperative factors or intraoperative factors with treatment outcomes of vital pulp therapy. 14 RCTs were included with the findings indicating a 93.2% (95%CI; 91-6% to 94.9%) success rate using contemporary bioceramic material based on low certainty evidence.

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Occlusal reduction and post-endodontic pain

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This review analysing the influence of occlusal reduction on postoperative pain levels after endodontic treatment includes 12 RCTs. The findings suggests no difference was seen in post-treatment pain levels after occlusal reduction.

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Fibre or metal posts for restoring endodontically treated teeth?

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This review evaluating the difference between fibre and metal posts for endodontically treated teeth included 10 studies 6 of which were RCTs. The findings suggest no differences in outcomes between the two main types of post assessed. However, the evidence is of low certainty.

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Endodontic surgery: Adjunctive regenerative techniques

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This review of the influence of different regenerative techniques and materials on the outcome of endodontic surgery includes 11 RCTs. The findings suggest that regenerative approaches improve periapical lesion healing after endodontic surgery. However the studies are small and only 2 are at low risk of bias.

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Ten Years of the Dental Elf

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It is now 10 years since the very first Dental Elf Blog. Since then we have published 1626 blogs covering a wide range of topics so we present a brief overview of the categories covered.

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Orofacial trauma in wheeled non-motorsports

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This review of the prevalence of orofacial trauma in wheeled non-motor sports athletes included 5 cross-sectional studies involving 132,132 participants. Analyses showed the overall prevalence of orofacial trauma = 21.7% (95%CI; 8.7 to 34.7%) however the evidence was of very low certainty.

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Ultrasound for the differential diagnosis of periapical lesions

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This review of the diagnostic accuracy of ultrasound in differentiating periapical lesions of endodontic origin in comparison with histopathology included 12 studies. While the findings suggest good levels of sensitifity and specificity for diagnosing periapical cysts and granulomasthere are concerns regarding the quality of the evidence.

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