Orofacial trauma in wheeled non-motorsports

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This review of the prevalence of orofacial trauma in wheeled non-motor sports athletes included 5 cross-sectional studies involving 132,132 participants. Analyses showed the overall prevalence of orofacial trauma = 21.7% (95%CI; 8.7 to 34.7%) however the evidence was of very low certainty.

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Ultrasound for the differential diagnosis of periapical lesions

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This review of the diagnostic accuracy of ultrasound in differentiating periapical lesions of endodontic origin in comparison with histopathology included 12 studies. While the findings suggest good levels of sensitifity and specificity for diagnosing periapical cysts and granulomasthere are concerns regarding the quality of the evidence.

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Post-operative endodontic symptoms: Are they improved by prophylactic antibiotics?

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This review of the efficacy of prophylactic oral antibiotics in the management of post-operative endodontic symptoms included 10 RCTs. The findings and show that there is no superiority in using adjunctive antibiotics for the prevention of post-operative endodontic symptoms.

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Irreversible pulpitis: Do larger volumes of local anaesthetic improve success of inferior alveolar nerve blocks?

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This review of the efficacy of 1.8 and 3.6 mL of the same anaesthetic solution for inferior alveolar nerve blocks (IANBs) for treating mandibular teeth with irreversible pulpitis included 4 RCTs (280 teeth). The findings show arger volumes of local anaesthetic solutions significantly increase the success rate of IANBs.

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Endodontic retreatment:Post-operative pain in single or multiple visits

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This review assessing the postoperative pain after non- surgical endodontic retreatment in a one visit compared to multiple visits included 4 RCTs. The availabe evidence suggests little difference between teh two approaches.

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Direct pulp capping in permanent teeth

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This review the outcome of direct pulp capping (DPC) in mature permanent teeth with a cariously exposed pulp and a clinical diagnosis of reversible pulpitis included 14 studies. The findings suggest that direct pulp capping is generally a clinically effective procedure in teeeth with reversible pulpitis.

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Intracanal cryotherapy in root canal treatment

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This review of the effect of intracanal cryotherapy in reducing postoperative pain after instrumentation or obturation in root canal treatment included 8 RCTs. The findings suggest that suggests that intracanal cryotherapy in the form of cold saline irrigation as the final irrigant significantly reduces pain between 6 and 24 hours after root canal therapy.

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Top Dental Elf Blogs: Jan – Mar 2020

The Dental Elf

Our most popular blogs from January, February and March 2020 were about the FiCTION trial, local anaesthesia and factors associated with third molar surgical difficulty.

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Endodontic microsurgery

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This review of the clinical and radiographic long-term outcome of endodontic microsurgery in teeth diagnosed with secondary apical periodontitis included 10 studies suggesting an overall success rate ranging from 69-93%.

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Occlusal reduction: Does it reduce post endodontic pain?

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This review of the effect of occlusal reduction on post-operative pain following root canal treatment included 7 RCTs. While the findings suggest that occlusal reduction may reduce post endodontic pain the quality of the available evidence is very low so teh findings should be viewed cautiously.

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