Orthodontic treatment outcomes for cleft lip and palate patients

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4o studies were included in this scoping review of orthodontic outcomes used with cleft lip and palate patients. The majority (68%) relate to morphological features of maloclussion with on 3 addressing quality of life issues and 2 health service utilisation.

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Mandibular implant overdentures: Impact on patient based outcomes.

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Mark-Steven Howe writes his debut blog on an updated review by Kodoma et al on the efficacy of the mandibular 2-implant overdenture.

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Oral health-related quality of life improved in children following dental treatment under general anaesthesia.

The authors suggest a number of factors that may lead to increased prevalence, including depression, childhood trauma, low self-esteem and genetic risk.

20 studies were identified for this review of oral health related quality of life in children following general anaesthetic (GA). While a majority demonstrated an improvement following GA most are based on convenience samples and are of limited quality so more high quality research is needed.

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Oral Health in nursing homes: education for staff and residents

All the evidence relates to care homes and there is hardly any evidence for any other setting.

9 trials were included in this Cochrane review of oral health education & training for care home residents & staff . These trials provided insufficient evidence from which to draw evidence about the effects of the interventions so more high quality studies are needed.

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Periodontal disease and quality of life

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Eight different assessment tools were used to assess quality of life for this review of the impact of periodontal disease on quality of life. 28 out of 37 studies reported a significant effect with 8 studies reporting an increasing impact with greater disease severity or extent.

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Impact of malocclusion on oral health related quality of life is small

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40 cross-sectional studies involving a range or oral health related quality of life measures were included in this review. They found that malocclusion has a small impact on oral health related quality of life.

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Shortened dental arch and oral health related quality of life

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The concept of the shortened dental arch was first raised as a concept 30 years ago, with the WHO endorsing a functional dentition of 20 functional teeth without resorting to a prosthesis. This large cross-sectional study from Brazil suggests that having a shortened dental arch does not have any significant impact on oral health related quality of life.

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Study finds better oral hygiene improved oral lichen planus

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This small randomised trial found improvements in quality of life for patients with oral lichen planus at both 4 weeks and 20 weeks following implementation of a structured oral hygiene instruction.

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Orthodontic treatment: does it impact on quality of life?

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A 3-year school-based cohort study found that oral health related quality of life improved in young people over time whether or not they had undergone orthodontic treatment.

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Implant overdentures improve satisfaction, chewing and bite force, suggests review

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While 53 studies were included in this review of implant overdentures only a narrative summary of the outcomes of chewing ability, bite force and patient satisfaction could be presented. While all the studies were prospective, information about the quality and risk of bias in the included studies is not reported.

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