Geographic tongue – global prevalence

geographic tongue

In this blog Rebecca Manson takes a look at a review assessing the global prevalence of geographic tongue. 14 studies were included suggesting a prevalence of 3% (95%CI 0.4% to 5.5%)

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Oral submucous fibrosis – malignant transformation rate

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In this blog we look at a review of the malignant transformation rate (MTR) for oral submucous fibrosis (OSF). The review included 16 studies estimating the malignant transformation rate as 6% (95%CI: 2% to 10%)

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Oral erythroplakia: malignant transformation rate

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This review of the malignant development rate of oral erythroplakia and associated risk factors included 10 studies involving a total of 441 patients. Meta-analysis of 3 studies suggest a malignant development rate = 19.9% (95%CI; -1.6% to 41.4%).

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Burning mouth syndrome – topical interventions

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This review assessing the effectiveness of topical interventions in the management of burning mouth syndrome (BMS), based on the core outcome domains recommended by the Initiative on Methods, Measurement, and Pain Assessment in Clinical Trials (IMMPACT) includes 8 RCTs and higlights the need to apply standardised outcome measures in future studies.

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Chronic ulcerative stomatitis: Clinical and immunological features

Direct immunoflorescence

In this blog Iris Vaid looks at a review of chronic ulcerative stomatitis (CUS) a rare mucous membrane condition that presents clinically as non-specific ulcerated or erosive lesions. The review included 81 cases reported in 25 papers.

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Comparison of topical antifungal agents for oral candidiasis treatment

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This review comparing the efficacy and safety of topical antifungal drugs for oral candidiasis in children and adults included 11 RCTs 9 of which concerned adults and 2 children. The findings support the use of fluconazole and amphotericin B for adults.

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Adverse effects of E-cigarettes on head, neck, and oral cells

e-cigarette

Iris Vaid takes a look at this review of whether e-cigarettes have a negative impact on the cells in the head, neck, and mouth. 16 in-vitro studies showed that oral cells exposed to e-cigarettes showed aberrant cell morphology, reduced cell viability, and increased apoptosis and/or necrosis.

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Medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ): Prevention and treatment

osteonecrosis

This Cochrane review update of interventions for the prevention or treatment of medication-relatesd osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) included 13 RCTs. However the studies provided insufficient to either claim or refute a benefit of the interventions tested for prophylaxis or treatment of MRONJ.

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Salivary lactate dehydrogenase in oral and potential malignant disorders

Study findings suggest a number of uses for visual aid support of Thickness Indicator Model tubes

In her first Dental Elf blog Iris Vaid looks at a review of salivary lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) as a potential diagnostic marker for oral cancer and oral potentially malignant disorders.

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Photodynamic therapy for denture stomatitis

shutterstock_28911784 False teeth

This review of comparing photodynamic therapy (PDT) and antifungals or the treatment of denture stomatitis included 5 studies involving a total of 218 patients. While the findings suggest that PDT is effective none of the the studies was at low risk of bias and the treatment protocols investigated differ.

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