Non-surgical periodontal therapy – which antibiotic regime?

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This review of amoxicillin & metronidazole as an adjunct to non-surgical periodontal treatment included 18 trials . A small benefit was seen with antibiotic use but no clinically meaningful difference between different doses or duration of amoxicillin-plus-metronidazole at 3 months post-treatment.

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Periodontal treatment- adjuvant antibiotics for diabetic patients?

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This review of adjuvant antibiotics for diabetics undergoing periodontal treatment included 13 small RCTs. While a statistically significant improvement in probing depth was seen the magnitude of this improvement is unlikely to be clinically significant.

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Amoxicillin and metronidazole as an adjunct to scaling and root planning for periodontitis?

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This review of the adjunctive use of amoxicillin and metronidazole with scaling and root planing for the management of periodontitis found improved clinical outcomes in terms of pocket depth and clinical attachment level with their use.

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Third molars: single dose of preoperative antibiotic reduced infection

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10 RCTs were included in this review of preoperative antibiotics for removal of third molars. The use of antibiotics significantly reduced the odds of surgical site infection or alveolar osteitis (OR = 0.30; 95% CI, 0.19 to 0.47; P≤.00001)

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Systemic antibiotics for aggressive periodontitis?

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This review of systemic antibiotics and non-surgical periodontal therapy for aggressive periodontitis included 13 RCTs and suggests a statistically significant benefit compared to non-surgical therapy alone.

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Aggressive periodontitis: systemic antibiotics may improve outcome

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This review and network meta-analysis included 11 small RCTs of limited quality, suggesting a statistically significant benefit for the use of adjunctive systemic antibiotics for the treatment of aggressive periodontitis.

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Non-surgical periodontal treatment – is there a role for systemic antibiotics?

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This review update includes 23 new studies comparing the effects of antibiotic therapy adjunctive to scaling and root planning for periodontal disease. While some additional benefit was shown the authors could not establish definitive conclusions and guidelines regarding their use.

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Review finds only a small benefit from antibiotic use in patients with acute sinusitis

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Sinusitis is one of the commonest reasons for visiting the doctor accounting for 15% to 21% of all adult outpatient antibiotic prescriptions. Patients may also present at dental practices, as pain from upper posterior teeth can be indistinguishable from sinusitis.  Typical signs and symptoms are purulent nasal discharge, postnasal drip, sinus pain at palpation, nasal [read the full story…]

Review suggests that antibiotics are beneficial for reducing failure of dental implants

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With the increasing popularity of dental implants and the difficulties of managing infections around them it is important to know whether the use of prophylactic antibiotics is beneficial or not. This review is an update of a Cochrane review originally published in 2008 and last updated in 2010. The aim of the review was to [read the full story…]

ADA-EBD summary on amoxicillin/metronidazole therapy for aggressive periodontitis

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This ADA-EBD critical summary looks at a systematic review from the same group that conducted the review that we highlighted yesterday (Sgolastra et al 2012).  This time the question was whether the use of amoxicillin/metronidazole (AMX/MET) as an adjunct to scaling and root planning (SRP) was more effective than SRP alone in the treatment of [read the full story…]