Orthognathic surgery: antibiotic prophylaxis reduced surgical site infection

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This new Cochrane review identified 11 RCTs and suggests that for those undergoing orthognathic surgery, long term antibiotic prophylaxis decreased the risk of surgical site infection compared with short-term regimens.

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Dental implant failures reduced with prophylactic antibiotic suggests review

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This new review covers similar ground to the 2013 Cochrane review. It includes non-randomised controlled trials, but as with the Cochrane review the findings suggest that antibiotics reduce early implant failure.

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Study suggests an increasing number of Americans are being hospitalised with periapical abscesses

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Periapical abscess is sequelae of the death of the dental pulp often as a result of dental caries or trauma.  It is normally managed in dental practice with root canal treatment or extraction. However, if left untreated it can lead in some circumstances lead to the destruction of bone and the spread of infection to [read the full story…]

Little good quality evidence on whether to leave or remove impacted third molars involved in fractures of the angle of the mandible

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Fracture of the mandible often occurs through the angle where it may be closely related to, or involve an impacted third molar. There is a debate about whether they should always be extracted or retained.  The aim of this review was to measure the occurrence of postoperative infection following mandibular fixation performed in the presence [read the full story…]

Moderate evidence that prophylactic antibiotics reduce the risk of infection, dry socket and pain following third molar extraction but benefit not enough to recommend routine use

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Tooth extraction is probably the most commonly conducted surgical procedure.  Teeth are normally extracted because of severe dental caries or periodontal (gum) infection, although they are also removed because they are poorly aligned or developed.  To aim of this Cochrane review was to determine the effect of antibiotic prophylaxis on the development of infectious complications [read the full story…]

Plating fractures of the angle of the mandible via a transbuccal approach may result in lower infection rates

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The aim of this study was to investigate whether fixation of fractures of  the mandibular angle  using miniplates placed through a transbuccal approach  resulted in lower infection rates that those placed on the mandibular external oblique ridge using an intra-oral approach. What did they do Patients were randomised (by year of birth) to having their [read the full story…]

No increase in infective carditis after reducing routine antibiotic prophylaxis

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NICE Guideline 64 does not recommend the routine use of antibiotic prophylaxis in invasive dental procedures to prevent infective carditis.  Their guideline states that patients should only be offered it if the procedure is at a site where there is already a suspected infection. This guidance caused some difficulties for dentists, as reported in the [read the full story…]