Palatally displaced canines: open or closed surgical exposure?

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This updated Cochrane review comparing open v closed surgical approaches for palatally displaced canines includes 3 studies involving 146 patients with the available evidence suggesting that neither surgical technique for exposing canine teeth is superior.

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Mandibular fractures: the influence of third molars

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This review of the effect of presences of third molars on mandibular fractures includes 35 observational studies. The findings suggest that the presence of third molars increases the change of mandibular angle fractures.

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Short dental implants for the atrophic posterior mandible?

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The main aim of this systematic review is to look at implant based restorative options for restoring the atrophic posterior mandible using osseointegrated dental implants. The atrophic posterior mandible is defined here as having a residual ridge height of 8mm from the inferior dental nerve to the crest of the ridge. The two options considered [read the full story…]

Recurrent mandibular dislocation –which surgical approach?

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This review of surgical treatments for the management of recurrent mandibular dislocation included 23 case series. Only one of the case series was prospective and a majority lacked clarity on their pro / retrospective status providing only very low quality evidence.

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Chlorhexidine gel and alveolar osteitis

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This review of the effectiveness of chlorhexidine gel for the prevention of alveolar osteitis (AO) included 10 trials published since 2010. The findings suggest a 57% reduction in incidence of AO similar to other reviews of this topic.

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Third molar removal: effect on periodontal health of second mandibular molars

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Mark-Steven Howe looks in detail at a recent network meta-analysis (NMA) of periodontal outcomes following third molar surgery. However the limited number of studies available for the NMA mean the reviews findings need to be interpreted with caution.

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Extra-oral implants: barclips versus magnets

The study highlighted a lack of evidence about what CMHT services work for older people.

Mark Steven Howe considers this review of extra-oral implant retention. 12 mainly retrospective studies were included providing limited data from which to drawn conclusions regarding the best retention system.

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Chlorhexidine gels and rinses reduce dry socket after third molar extraction

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This review of the effectiveness of chlorhexidine for prevention of dry socket after third molar removal includes 18 RCTs. The finding suggest a 47% (95%CI,38-55) reduction in cases following its use.

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Panoramic radiography for predicting inferior alveolar nerve injury after third molar surgery

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This review of panoramic radiography for IAN injury prediction after third molar surgery included 8 studies calculating key diagnostic data fro the 7 classical used signs. Values were to low to rule out post-operative damage before surgery but some siigns could rule in risk of injury.

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Parotid gland tumours and mobile phone use?

The study used data from a previous telephone survey, which focused on depression, concussion and brain injury, amongst other things

This review of parotid gland tumours and mobile phone use included 3 case-controlled studies and hints at a possible association. However the limited evidence means that the findings should be viewed very cautiously.

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