Cleft lip and palate: Autologous or alloplastic secondary alveolar bone grafting?

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This review of the effectiveness of autologous versus alloplastic bone for secondary alveolar bone grafting in patients with cleft lip and palate included 4 small RCTs suggesting no difference between the approaches.

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Actinic cheilitis: What is the best treatment?

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This review of treatments for actinic cheilitis included 29 mainly observational studies providing little evidence to identify the best treatment approaches.

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Dental implant placement: which antibiotic protocol?

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This review of the the effectiveness of different antibiotic protocols to prevent early dental implant failure includes 9 RCTs showing that antibiotics were protective against early implant failures.

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Maxillary sinus lifts: with or without grafts?

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This reivew of the efficacy of sinus lift without grafts in atrophic maxilla included 5 small RCTs with the findings suggesting no significant difference in the two approaches

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Platelet Rich Fibrin as a biomaterial in oral surgery

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This blog on a review of the efficacy of platelet rich fibrin (PRF) in oral surgery procedures was prepared by MSc Students from @UClanDentistry during a workshop with the @TheDentalElf. The review includes 30 small studies of limited quality more high quality studies are needed to assess effectiveness.

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Ameloblastoma: Radical or conservative surgery?

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20 retrospective studies were included in this review of surgical approaches for ameloblastoma . The finding suggest fewer recurrences with radical approaches.

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Mouth and throat cancer: evidence for best surgical approaches uncertain

Bariatric surgery and marked weight loss is likely to improve knee complaints but there is a need for high quality studies

12 RCTs were included in this Cochrane review update of surgical approches for the management of oral and pharyngeal cancer. The certaintly of the evidence was very low as there were limited numbers of studies for each comparison.

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Articaine or Lidocaine for third molar removal?

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This review of anaesthetic efficiency of articaine for lower third molar extraction included 9 RCTs ( 493 patients -770 lower molars). The findings suggest that 4% articaine with 1:100,000 epinephrine possesses superior anaesthetic efficiency relative to lidocaine.

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Bone augmentation in atrophic mandibles; autogenous bone or biomaterial?

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This review of bone augmentation with biomaterials or autogenous bone in the posterior mandible outcomes included 4 small split-mouth studies demonstrating similar were outcomes with both materials.

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